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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 18 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fauntleroy, Thomas Turner -1883 (search)
Fauntleroy, Thomas Turner -1883 Born in Richmond county, Va., Oct. 6, 1796; served in the War of 1812, and in the Seminole War; and in 1845 was given a command on the frontier of Texas to restrain the Indians. He joined the Confederate army in May, 1861; was commissioned brigadier-general by the Virginia convention and given command of Richmond, but the Confederate government refused to ratify his appointment. He died in Leesburg, Va., Sept. 12, 1883.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harper's Ferry, (search)
he secession movement began, at the close of 1860, measures were taken for the security of this post. A small body of United States dragoons, under the command of Lieut. Roger Jones, was sent there as a precautionary measure. After the attack on Fort Sumter, rumors reached Harper's Ferry that the government property there would be speedily seized by the Virginians. The rumors were true. On the morning of April 18 the military commanders at Winchester and Charlestown received orders from Richmond to seize the armory and arsenal that night. They were further ordered to march into Maryland, where, it was expected, they would be joined by the minute-men of that State in an immediate attack on Washington. About 3,000 men were ordered out, but only about 250 were at the designated rendezvous, 4 miles from the Ferry, at the appointed hour—eight o'clock in the evening—but others were on the march. As a surprise was important, the little detachment moved on. It was composed of infantry a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lee, Robert Edward 1807- (search)
use as the point for the concentration of his army. There his forces would reach the Danville Railway, and thereafter use it in their flight into North Carolina . At the time when he sent his despatch for the evacuation of Richmond he ordered commissary and quartermaster's stories to be sent from Danville to Amelia Court-house for the use of his army. They were promptly forwarded; but when the officer in charge reached Amelia Court-house he received General Robert E. Lee. orders from Richmond to hasten thither with his train. The stupid fellow obeyed, but took with him the supplies. The government, in its flight, occupied the whole train. The stores were left at Richmond and destroyed in the conflagrations. Lee was almost hopeless when he discovered this calamity, for it threatened his army with starvation. He knew that Grant, for the sake of celerity in pursuit, would break up his army into detachments; and Lee hoped, by a bountifully supplied army well in hand, to fall up
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Mechanicsville, or Ellison's Mill, (search)
e batteries. These, with a part of Meade's brigade, were supported by regulars under Morell and Sykes. General Reynolds held the right, and General Seymour the left, and the brigades of Martindale and Griffin were deployed on the right of McCall. In the face of these formidable obstacles, and a heavy fire of infantry and artillery, the leading brigades of Hill advanced, followed by Longstreet's, and moved to the attack. They massed on the National right to turn it, expecting Jackson to fall upon the same wing at the same time; but this movement was foiled by Seymour. A terrific battle ensued. The Confederates were hurled back with fearful carnage. At 9 P. M. the battle of Mechanicsville, or Ellison's Mill, ceased. The loss of the Nationals was about 400; that of the Confederates, between 3,000 and 4,000. By this victory Richmond was placed at the mercy of the National army; but McClellan, considering his army and stores in peril, prepared to transfer both to the James River.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Murfreesboro, or battle of Stone River, (search)
way of the Confederates, who made desperate but unsuccessful attempts to demolish it. They stayed the tide of victory for the Confederates, which had been flowing steadily forward for hours. Gallantly men fought on both sides, and did not cease until night closed upon the scene. Rosecrans had lost heavily in men and guns, yet he was not disheartened. At a council of officers it was resolved to continue the struggle. Bragg felt confident of final victory, and sent a jubilant despatch to Richmond. He expected Rosecrans would attempt to fly towards Nashville during the night, and was astonished to find the National army before him, in battle order, in the morning. But he attempted very little that day. On Friday (Jan. 2, 1863) Rosecrans found he had his army well in hand, and in an advantageous position. Bragg had stealthily planted four heavy batteries during the night that would sweep the National lines, and these he opened suddenly in the morning; but they were soon silenced
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), entry on-to-richmond- (search)
The Army of the Potomac did not begin its march to Richmond until April. The President, satisfied that General McClellan's official burdens were greater than he could profitably bear, kindly relieved him of the chief care of the armies, and gave him, March 11, the command of only the Department of the Potomac. While Hooker and Lee were contending near Chancellorsville (q. v.), a greater part of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac was raiding on the communications of Lee's army with Richmond. Stoneman, with 10,000 men, at first performed this service. He rode rapidly, crossing rivers, and along rough roads, and struck the Virginia Central Railway near Louisa Court-house, destroying much of it before daylight. They were only slightly opposed, and at midnight of May 2, 1863, the raiders were divided for separate work. On the morning of the 3d one party destroyed canal-boats, bridges, and Confederate supplies at Columbia, on the James River. Colonel Kilpatrick, with another pa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Phillips, Wendell 1811-1884 (search)
nother around slavery, that he should have the influence of our common institutions. I know how we stand to-day, with the frowning cannon of the English fleet ready to be thrust out of the port-holes against us. But I can answer England with a better answer than William H. Seward can write. I can answer her with a more statesmanlike paper than Simon Cameron can indite. I would answer her with the stars and stripes floating over Charleston and New Orleans, and the itinerant cabinet of Richmond packing up archives and wearing apparel to ride back to Montgomery. There is one thing and only one, which John Bull respects, and that is success. It is not for us to give counsel to the government on points of diplomatic propriety, but I suppose we may express our opinions, and my opinion is, that, if I were the President of these thirty-four States, while I was, I should want Mason and Slidell to stay with me. I say, then, first, as a matter of justice to the slave, we owe it to him; t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Walker, James Bradford Richmond 1821- (search)
Walker, James Bradford Richmond 1821- Clergyman; born in Taunton, Mass., April 15, 1821; graduated at Brown University in 1841 and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1846; was ordained pastor in the Congregational Church in Bucksport, Me., in 1847; held charges in Holyoke, Mass., in 1855-64; and in Hartford, Conn., in 1864-67. He then turned his attention to literature. His publications include Memorial of the walkers of the old Plymouth colony, and The genealogy of John Richmond. John Grimes Walker.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Winder, John Henry 1800-1865 (search)
Winder, John Henry 1800-1865 Military officer; born in Maryland in 1800; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1820; promoted captain of the 1st Artillery in October, 1842; served in the Mexican War, winning distinction at Contreras, Churubusco, Chapultepec, and the fall of the city of Mexico; promoted major in November, 1860; resigned in the following April and joined the Confederate army, in which he was appointed a brigadiergeneral and given command of Richmond, having under his charge Belle Isle and Libby prison. Later he was placed in command of the Andersonville prison, Ga. He died in Branchville, S. C., Feb. 9, 1865. See Confederate prisons.