e the immediate completion of the railroad from Danville to Greenville, North Carolina, as of vital importance. He thinks the enemy will cut the road between this and Weldon.
He wants Confederate notes made a legal tender; and the President says that, as the courts cannot enforce payment in anything else, they are substantially a legal tender already.
And he suggests the withholding of pay from officers during their absence from their regiments.
A good idea.
Everything indicates that Richmond will be assailed this fall, and that operations in the field are not to be suspended in the winter.
Polk, Bragg, Cheatham, etc. are urging the President to make Col. Preston Smith a brigadier-general.
Unfortunately, Bragg's letter mentioned the fact that Beauregard had given Smith command of a brigade at Shiloh; and this attracting the eye of the President, he made a sharp note of it with his pencil.
What authority had he for this?
he asked; and Col. Smith will not be appointed.
to get in the rear of Hooker, which would place the enemy between him and Richmond!
He could then cut off his supplies, now being drawn by wagons some twenty or thirty miles, and spread alarm even to Washington.
But, then, how would it be with Richmond, if Hooker should accept the position, and if the force at Suffolk should advance on the south side of the river, and gun-boats and transports were to come, simultaneously, up the York and James?
Has Hooker the genius to conceive such a plan?
reat toward its own frontier.
Perhaps 100,000 invaders have found bloody graves in Virginia-and an equal number have died of their wounds, or from disease contracted in this State.
The number of maimed and disabled must also be 100,000-and yet Richmond is not taken, or likely to be. To invade and subjugate a vast territory, inhabited by millions of warlike people, the assailants must always have four times as many men as the assailed; therefore we stand on an equal footing with the United Stat
The President sent over to the Secretary of War to-day some extracts from a letter he has just received from Mobile, stating that a large trade is going on with the enemy at New Orleans.
A number of vessels, laden with cotton, had sailed from Pascagoula Bay, for that destination.
Some one or two had been stopped by the people, as the traffic is expressly prohibited by an act of Congress.
But upon inquiry it was ascertained that the trade was authorized by authority from Richmond — the War Department.
I doubt whether Mr. Seddon authorized it. Who then?
Perhaps it will be ascertained upon investigation.
Mr. Kean, the young Chief of the Bureau, is a most fastidious civil officer, for he rebukes older men than himself for mistaking an illegible K for an R, and puts his warning on record in pencil marks.
Mr. K. came in with Mr. Randolph, but declined to follow his patron any further.
The latest dispatch from Gen. Bragg states that he has 7000 p
Oct. 14th, leads me to think danger is apprehended in that quarter, the objective point being the Salt Works; and it may be inferred, from the fact that Burnside is still there, that Rosecrans is considered safe, by reason of the heavy reinforcements sent from other quarters.
While I write, the government is having the tocsin sounded for volunteers from the militia to go to the rescue of the Salt Works, which is absurd, as the enemy will either have them before aid can be received from Richmond, or else he will have been driven off by the local troops near that vicinity.
Captain Warner took me in his buggy this morning to the military prisons.
He did not lead me into the crowded rooms above, where he said I would be in danger of vermin, but exhibited his cooking apparatus, etc.-which was ample and cleanly.
Everywhere I saw the captives peeping through the bars; they occupy quite a number of large buildings-warehouses-and some exhibited vengeful countenances.
They have half
less, indeed, there should be a large number of Union sympathizers in the city to assist them.
Several weeks ago it was predicted in the Northern papers that Richmond would be taken in some mysterious manner, and that there was a plan for the prisoners of war to seize it by a coup de main, may be probable.
But the scheme was tunes, are applying for passage out of the country.
They fear their substitutes will no longer keep them out of the army.
Gen. W. says they have passports from Richmond, and that the spy who published in the North an account of the defenses of Wilmington, had a passport from Richmond.
The government will never realize the injurRichmond.
The government will never realize the injury of the loose passport system until it is ruined.
Never have I known such confusion.
On the 26th inst. the Secretary ordered Gen. Pickett, whose headquarters were at Petersburg, to send a portion of his division to Hanover Junction, it being apprehended that a raid might be made in Lee's rear.
Gen. P. telegraphs that the Fr
I reminded him of this to-day, and asked his opinion on the present aspect of affairs.
He has been recently on Gen. Beauregard's staff, and is irritated at the supposed hard treatment which that general receives from the President.
He is a little bitter against the President, and is no special admirer of Lee, who, he thinks, committed a blunder in not fighting Grant at Hanover Junction.
And he thinks, if Gen. Johnston forbears to fight Sherman, in pursuance of orders from Richmond, disaster will ensue.
But neither he nor any one is capable of sounding the profound plans of Lee. Grant's forces are now far away from Washington.
21 o'clock P. M. An officer just from Petersburg, arrived at the War Department with the intelligence that a Washington paper of the 13th inst. had been received at headquarters, announcing the capture of Baltimore by our troops!
The inhabitants within, or a large proportion of them, co-operated with our army!
Our people are in ecstasies!
an intention on the part of the Federal Government to increase the naval force on the lakes; also a proposition has been introduced to terminate the Reciprocity Treaty.
And Gen. Dix orders his military subordinates to pursue any rebel raiders even into Canada and bring them over.
So, light may come from that quarter.
A war with England would be our peace.
At 2 P. M. it was rumored that Charleston is taken and Beauregard a prisoner.
Also that Gen. Jos. E. Johnston (in the city) says Richmond will be evacuated in ten days. I do not learn what gold sells at to-day!
I suspect some coup d'etat is meditated.
A brighter morning, cool and clear.
The President was at work yesterday.
He and the Secretary and Gen. Cooper put their heads together to make up a regiment for Col. Miller in Mississippi, and designate the two field officers to be under him — from two battalions and two unattached companies.
If the Northern (purporting to be official) accounts be tru
t, openly proclaims such a measure as the end of the Confederacy!
We are upon stirring times!
Senator Wigfall demands a new cabinet, etc.
Two P. M. The sun has come out; warmer.
But it does not disperse the prevailing gloom.
It is feared Richmond must be abandoned, and our forces concentrated farther South, where supplies may be more easily had, and where it will be a greater labor and expense for the enemy to subsist his armies.
Assistant Secretary of War, Judge Campbell, is still fguarantees of neutrality, etc.
Scouts report Gen. Thomas (Federal), with 30,000 men, encamped in the vicinity of Alexandria, Va., awaiting fair weather to march upon Richmond from that direction.
The number is exaggerated no doubt, but that Richmond is to be subjected to renewed perils, while Congress is wasting its time in idle debate, is pretty certain.
The Senate passed a bill yesterday abolishing the Bureau of Conscription, and I think it will pass the House.
The President ought to
I think Lee's demonstrations on Grant's front have mainly in view the transportation of subsistence from North Carolina.
Mrs. President Davis has left the city, with her children, for the South.
I believe it is her purpose to go no farther at present than Charlotte, N. C.-rear of Sherman.
Some of their furniture has been sent to auction.
Furniture will soon be low again.
It is now believed that the government will be removed with all expedition to Columbus, Ga. But it is said Richmond will still be held by our army.
Said! Alas I would it not be too expensive-too much for the whistle?
Shad are selling at $50 per pair.
If Richmond should be left to strictly military rule, I hope it will rule the prices.
It is reported that Gen. Johnston has fallen back on Weldon; some suppose to attack Grant's rear, but no doubt it is because he is pressed by Sherman with superior numbers.
A dispatch from Gen. Lee, to-day, states the important fact that Grant's left wing (cava
Richmond City; David J. Saunders, of House of Delegates, Richmond City; L. S. Hall, of House of Delegates, Wetzel County; J. J. English, of House of Delegates, Henrico County; Wm. Ambers, of House of Delegates, Chesterfield County; A. M. Keily, of House of Delegates, Petersburg; H. W. Thomas, Second Auditor of Virginia; St. L. L. Moncure, Chief Clerk Second Auditor's office; Joseph Mayo, Mayor of City of Richmond; Robert Howard, Clerk of Hustings Court, Richmond City; Thomas U. Dudley, Sergeant Richmond City; Littieton Tazewell, Commonwealth's Attorney, Richmond City; Wm. T. Joynes, Judge of Circuit Court, Petersburg; John A. Meredith, Judge of Circuit Court, Richmond; Wm. H. Lyons, Judge of Hustings Court, Richmond; Wm. C. Wickham, Member of Congress, Richmond District; Benj. S. Ewell, President of William andtMary College; Nat. Tyler, Editor Richmond Enquirer; R. F. Walker, Publisher of Examiner; J. R. Anderson, Richmond; R. R.
Howison, Richmond; W. Goddin, Richmond; P. G. Bayley,