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tely? I am determined to give the enemy battle no matter at what odds against us; but is it right and proper to sacrifice so many valuable lives (and perhaps our cause) without the least prospect of success? But I hope it may have the effect, at least, of delaying the advance of the enemy, and give our friends time to come to the rescue. I have to apply two or three times for the most essential things required here. To obtain anything with despatch, I have to send a special messenger to Richmond. Is this the way to direct and control the operations of an army in the field? Cannot this evil be remedied? I am sure it could be if properly represented to the President. I fear General Johnston is no better off than I am; but his section of country is, I believe, more easily defended, being wooded and mountainous. My troops are in fine spirits and anxious for a fight. They seem to have the most unbounded confidence in me. Oh, that I had the genius of a Napoleon, to be more wor
h of June, unchanged, though issued nearly a month previously. Colonel Rhodes, at Fairfax Station, received like instructions through General Ewell, his brigade commander; and, in view of the exigency, Colonel J. L. Kemper, whose energy and efficiency had already been tested, was again detached from his command and sent to Fairfax Court-House, to provide all necessary means of transportation. During the night which followed (16th-17th July), General Beauregard sent an urgent request to Richmond by telegram, asking that Generals Johnston and Holmes be now ordered to make a junction with him. He also published General Orders No. 41, announcing to his command the expected advance of the enemy, and expressing his confidence in their ability to drive him beyond his intrenched lines. It contained the names of his general and personal staff, See Appendix to this chapter. and enjoined obedience to all orders conveyed through them to the troops. The news of the enemy's movement w
of the enemy, General Beauregard determined to transform his report into a full history of the battle—which was accordingly done—thereby considerably adding to its length and value. The first portion of the report, containing what was termed the strategy of the campaign, remained unchanged, and, by an oversight, the date was left as originally written. A letter from General Beauregard to General Cooper showed distinctly, however, when the history of the battle was prepared and sent in to Richmond. With much surprise I found that the newspaper statements were sustained by the text of your report. I was surprised, because, if we did differ in opinion as to the measures and purposes of contemplated campaigns, such fact could have no appropriate place in the report of a battle; further, because it seemed to be an attempt to exalt yourself at my expense; and especially because no such plan as that described was submitted to me. The italics are ours. It is true that some time be
ed to him as commander of the district, on or about the 16th of January, with instructions to execute it at once, but in such a manner only as might be compatible with safety to the service. For reasons already stated, this order and the instructions accompanying it were necessarily referred to General Johnston, who deemed it best, at the time, to withhold its publication. On the 17th, circulars under cover to General Beauregard, and separately addressed to his care, were received from Richmond, for all the colonels in the army, providing for the issue of recruiting commissions from all regiments, battalions, and independent companies. This new official freak, on the part of the Acting Secretary of War, following, as it did, closely upon the bounty and furlough law, as it was called in the army, was calculated to do the greatest harm, and pressed heavily, not only upon company and regimental commanders, but, likewise, upon the generals in chief. General Johnston, alluding to this
f July, at noon; that is to say, only half a day, and one night, before the battle of the 21st. He would certainly have arrived too late, had not the result of the action of Bull Run, on the 18th, deterred General McDowell from sooner making his contemplated attack. And it must also be borne in mind that General Johnston marched to the assistance of General Beauregard, not of his own free will, or to prepare for a battle he had already planned, but in compliance with a tardy telegram from Richmond, issued at the urgent request of General Beauregard, who, from the early part of June until that day, had never ceased to counsel concentration and an aggressive campaign. Such a junction had at last become an imperative necessity. General Johnston was forced to acknowledge it. Left free to use his discretion as to the practicability of the movement, he lost no time in putting his troops in motion. Now, what did General Johnston do upon reaching General Beauregard's headquarters at Cam
number at one hundred and twenty thousand bayonets, and refers to the field returns of General Halleck's forces at Corinth. disappeared from the front of the latter quietly, noiselessly, successfully, frustrating the plans of its adversary, carrying with it all its munitions of war, and suffering in its retreat no material loss whatever. And yet, so little was this result appreciated by the War Department, that hardly had General Beauregard marched his forces to Tupelo when a despatch from Richmond, indicative rather of censure than of commendation, was forwarded to him, requiring an immediate explanation of his movement. It read as follows: June 12th, 1862. To General G. T. Beauregard: The President has been expecting a communication explaining your last movement. It has not yet arrived. S. Cooper. To this the following answer was sent: Tupelo, June 12th. General Sam. Cooper, Richmond, Va.: Have had no time to write report. Busy organizing and preparing
answer than a favorable one could possibly come from the War Department—for he knew of no army regulation denying a commanding general the right, for reasons of health, to move even beyond the boundaries of his own department—he proceeded quietly on his journey, never suspecting the result awaiting him, nor anticipating President Davis's resentment at so simple an act. Mr. Davis quotes the answer made by General Beauregard when General Bragg presented him the first despatch received from Richmond; but without prefixing any date to it. Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, vol. i. p. 74. It is not denied that that answer contains the substance of General Beauregard's telegram and letter—the first, of June 14th, the second, of June 15th—but it remains none the less a fact, that it was not General Beauregard's real answer to Mr. Davis or to the War Department: it was nothing more than the statement of General Bragg's interpretation of General Beauregard's remarks to him. Mr.
nemies. I send you, herewith, a letter written yesterday to General Cooper. It would seem that the small-minded politicians and newsmongers about Richmond cannot understand that we should be able to get along harmoniously together. To prevent any evil consequences resulting therefrom, I thought it better to write said letter to Cooper. Yours truly, G. T. Beauregard. Genl. J. E. Johnston, Centreville, Va. P. S.—Perhaps the rumor is due to my having sent my ordnance officer to Richmond to hurry up all the artillery and war rocket-batteries he could possibly get. Let us each get all that we can, of both, and then we will see about equalizing them to our forces—the latter can be done so likewise, if you desire it, when reinforcements shall have stopped coming up. G. T. B. Manassas Va., Sept. 4 h, 1861. Dear Colonel,—Your favor of the 2d instant was received last night. I am glad to hear of the probable success of my artillery raid. I hope the rockets (war) <