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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801 (search)
in a baggage-wagon and sent down the slope towards the river, with the intention of drowning them in the stream at its foot, but the vehicle was caught by an apple-tree. The cries of the sufferers could be heard above the crackling of the burning town by persons across the river. With this atrocious expedition the name of Benedict Arnold disappears from the records of our history. Arnold went to England at the close of the war, where he was despised and shunned by all honorable men. He was afterwards a resident of St. Johns, New Brunswick, engaged chiefly in trade and navigation, but was very unpopular. He was there hung in effigy. His son, James Robertson (an infant at the time of his father's treason), became a lieutenant-general in the British army. Arnold's second wife, whom he married when she was not quite eighteen years of age, survived him just three years. Arnold died in obscurity, but in comfortable pecuniary circumstances, in Gloucester Place, London, June 14, 1801.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bard, Samuel, 1742- (search)
Bard, Samuel, 1742- Physician; born in Philadelphia, April 1, 1742; son of Dr. John Bard; studied at the University of Edinburgh, where he passed about three years, and was an innate of the family of Dr. Robertson, the historian. Having graduated as M. D. in 1765, he returned home, and began the practice of medicine in New York City with his father. He organized a medical school, which was connected with King's (Columbia) College, in which he took the chair of physic in 1769. In 1772 he purchased his father's business. He caused the establishment of a public hospital in the city of New York in 1791, and, while the seat of the national government was at New York, he was the physician of President Washington. He was also appointed president of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1813. While combating yellow fever in New York in 1798, he took the disease, but by the faithful nursing of his wife he recovered. Dr. Bard was a skilful horticulturist as well as an eminent ph
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Craney Island, operations at (search)
ow tide, and contained about 30 acres of land. On the side commanding the ship-channel were entrenchments armed with 18 and 24 pounder cannon. A successful defence of this island would save Norfolk and the navy-yard there, and to that end efforts were made. Gen. Robert B. Taylor was the commanding officer of the district. The whole available force of the island, when the British entered Hampton Roads were two companies of artillery, under the general command of Maj. James Faulkner; Captain Robertson's company of riflemen; and 416 militia infantry of the line, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Henry Beatty. If attacked and overpowered, these troops had no means of escape. These were reinforced by thirty regulars under Capt. Richard Pollard, and thirty volunteers under Lieutenant-Colonel Johnson, and were joined by about 150 seamen under Lieuts. B. J. Neale, W. B. Shubrick, and J. Sanders, and fifty marines under Lieutenant Breckinridge. The whole force on Craney Island on June 2 numbered
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Putman, Albigence Waldo 1799-1869 (search)
Putman, Albigence Waldo 1799-1869 Author born in Marietta, O., March 11, 1799; was admitted to the bar and practised in Mississippi till 1836, when he removed to Nashville, Tenn. His publications inelude History of Middle Tennessee; Life and times of Gen. James Robertson; and Life of Gen. John Sevier in Wheeler's His-tory of North Carolina. He died in Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 20, 1869.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Robertson, James 1742-1814 (search)
Robertson, James 1742-1814 the father of Tennessee ; born in Brunswick county, Va., June 28, 6 he was chosen to command a fort built James Robertson. near the mouth of the Watauga. In 1779 bout 200. A settlement was established, and Robertson founded the city of Nashville. The Cherokeelement, but, through the skill and energy of Robertson and a few companions, that calamity was avererected into a county of North Carolina, and Robertson was its first representative in the State leo River was formed, and Washington appointed Robertson brigadier-general and commander of the militof 1812, the government wisely appointed General Robertson agent to the Chickasaw tribe. He was eve and faithful Indian. During the war General Robertson remained at his post among the Indians, there read the following inscriptions: Gen. James Robertson, the founder of Nashville, was born in t September, 1814. Charlotte R., wife of James Robertson, was born in North Carolina, 2d January,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thomas, Isaac 1735-1819 (search)
Thomas, Isaac 1735-1819 Scout; born in Virginia about 1735; settled among the Cherokee Indians in 1755. He warned Gen. John Sevier and James Robertson at Watauga, Va., on May 30, 1776, of an intended attack by the Indians. About the middle of July he joined the small force of forty in the fort at Watauga, and with them repulsed the assault of Oconosta. Later he led the party that invaded the Indian country. He was guide to General Sevier for twenty years in almost all of his numerous movements against the Creeks and Cherokees. He died in Sevierville, Tenn., in 1819.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
.March 4, 1881 James A. Garfield inaugurated President......March 4, 1881 twenty-fourth administration—Republican, March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1885. James A. Garfield, Ohio, President. Chester A. Arthur, New York, Vice-President. Postmaster-General James presents to President the protest of himself, Vice-President Arthur, and United States Senators Conkling and Platt, of New York, against the removal of General Merritt from the collectorship at New York, and appointment of Mr. Robertson, without consulting said Senators......March 28, 1881 Investigation of alleged star-route frauds leads to resignation of second assistant Postmaster-Gen. Thomas A. Brady......April 20, 1881 Vinnie Ream-Hoxie's bronze statue of Admiral Farragut unveiled at Washington, D. C.......April 25, 1881 Senators Conkling and Platt of New York resign......May 16, 1881 Special session of Senate adjourns sine die......May 20, 1881 Arctic steamer Jeannette, crushed in the ice in lat. 77°
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tennessee, (search)
s, and disperse them in a battle near Long Island Fort......July 20, 1776 Cherokees under old Abraham attack the fort at Watauga, but are repulsed......July 21, 1776 Forces under Col. William Christian destroy the Cherokee towns in east Tennessee......1776 Washington county, including all of Tennessee, created by law of North Carolina......November, 1777 Richard Hogan, Spencer, Holliday, and others come from Kentucky and begin a plantation near Bledsoe's Lick......1778 Capt. James Robertson and others from Watauga cross the Cumberland Mountains, pitch their tents near French Lick, and plant a field of corn where Nashville now stands......1779 Eleven Chickamauga Indian towns destroyed by troops under Isaac Shelby, who left Big Creek, near the site of Rogersville......April 10, 1779 Jonesboro laid off and established as the seat of justice for Washington county......1779 Colony under John Donelson in open boats, leaving Fort Patrick Henry on the Holston, descend
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Watauga commonwealth, the (search)
mmated at about the time the troubles between the royal governor of North Carolina and the regulators reached their climax. These troubles caused many people in North Carolina to seek repose and security beyond the mountains, and they located among the pioneers on the Watauga and Upper Holston rivers. The majority of these settlers were men of sterling worth, and were influential in forming in 1772 that government which subsequently grew to be the State of Tennessee. John Sevier and James Robertson were among their number, and both of these men were conspicuous in the novel movement. Under the title of Articles of the Watauga Association a written constitution was drafted, the first ever adopted by a community of American-born freemen. The settlers elected a representative assembly of thirteen men, which in turn elected a committee of five vested with judicial and executive authority. This was the first free and independent community established on the American continent. See
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster Abbey. (search)
ormed his gibbet. It is usually said that the letter in the hand of the officer is meant to be the letter which Andre wrote to Washington entreating that he might not die a felon's death. The touching original—which has been paraphrased in verse by N. P. Willis —is at Charlottesville, Virginia. No flag of truce, however, could have been needed for the conveyance of this letter, which Andre simply sent from the cottage in which he was a prisoner. The flag of truce was only used by General Robertson, whom Sir Henry Clinton sent with two others to lay before. Washington the proofs of Andre's innocence. The interview was not with Washington at all, but with General Greene, whom Washington deputed to act in his behalf. We can only suppose that the designer, Adam, and the sculptor, Van Geldert, were either imperfectly acquainted with the real facts, or have allowed themselves the poetic license of their art. The heads of Washington and Andre have several times been knocked off
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