This had been Lee's plan, if the threat of Jackson's position upon the Federal flank should fail to prevent their advance.
Burnside's organization was as follows:—
Right Grand Division2d CorpsHancockCaldwell, Meagher, Zook
CouchHoward FrenchSully, Owen, Hall, Kimball, Palmer, Andrews8 Batteries
Sumner9th Corps WillcoxSturgis GettyPoe, Christ, Leasure Nagle, Ferrero Hawkins, Harland6 Batteries
Centre Grand Division3d CorpsBirneyRobinson, Ward, Berry
StonemanSickles WhippleCarr, Hall, Revere Piatt, Carroll9 Batteries
Hooker5th CorpsGriffinBarnes, Sweitzer, Stockton
ButterfieldSykesBuchanan, Andrew, Warren8 Batteries
Left Grand Division1st CorpsDoubledayPhelps, Rogers, Gavin, Meredith
ReynoldsGibbon MeadeRoot, Lyle, Taylor Sinclair, Magilton, Jackson11 Batteries
Franklin6th CorpsBrooksTorbert, Cake, Russell
W. F. SmithHowePratt, Whiting, Vinton11 Batteries
NewtonCochrane, Devens, Rowley
d, as the finest army on the planet.
His organization was as follows, with the strength of each corps present for duty equipped on April 30.
1stWadsworthPhelps, Cutler, Paul, Meredith1052
ReynoldsRobinsonRoot, Baxter, Leonard
2dHancockCaldwell, Meagher, Zook, Brook848
CouchGibbonSully, Owen, Hall
16,893FrenchCarroll, Hays, MacGregor
3dBirneyGraham, Ward, Hayman954
SicklesBerryCarr, Revere, Mott
18,721WhippleFraArtillery, 2d Corps26124150
Total 2d Corps1,2626,8701,5019,63335,800
Lee, F., Cav. Brig.4711
Total 1st Corps9804613516,908
both sides suffered severely in men and horses.
A number of Federal batteries were captured, and held temporarily, but only two or three guns could be brought off the field.
Hunt's report says:—
The batteries were exposed to heavy front and enfilading fires and suffered terribly, but as rapidly as any were disabled they were retired and replaced by others.
Besides the reenforcements of 12 brigades already mentioned (including Crawford's Pa. reserves), Meade had followed them with Robinson's and Doubleday's divisions of the 1st corps, five brigades (taken from the lines in front of Hill's corps), and with Williams's division, three brigades of the 12th corps. Two more brigades, Candy's and Cobham's, of Geary's division of the 12th corps, were also withdrawn from the intrenchments upon Culp's Hill, and ordered to the left, but they missed their road and did not reach the scene of action in time.
These withdrawals left of the 12th corps but a single brigade, Greene's, holding