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The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 5: Forts and Artillery. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 17 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 14 0 Browse Search
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bove high water. It was armed with five 200-pounder Parrott guns and a 15-inch Rodman smooth-bore, emplaced in pairs. The parapet was twenty-five feet thick. The 15-inch Rodman gun visible above the bomb-proofs, can be studied below closer at hand. This monster of its time became possible through the discoveries made by CaptaiCaptain Rodman, of the United States Ordnance Department. It is mounted on a center-pintle carriage — that is, the tracks carrying the carriage are completely circular, anun All quiet along the Potomac, May 18, 1864: an intimate view of the great Rodman gun shown on the page preceding All quiet along the Potomac, May 18, 1864. An intimate view of the great Rodman gun shown on the page preceding The 15-inch Rodman gun in Battery Rodgers, near Alexandria, with a gun-detachment Rodman gun in Battery Rodgers, near Alexandria, with a gun-detachment around it. The scene was quiet the day this photograph was taken. The gunners little thought that within a few weeks the city would be in a turmoil of excitement fro
ad was heralded in Harper's Weekly as the biggest gun in the world, but three years later this was exceeded. In 1844 Lieutenant (later Brigadier-General) Thomas Jefferson Rodman of the Ordnance Department commenced a series of tests to find a way to obviate the injurious strains set up in the metal, by cooling a large casting fromwater or cold air through it. So successful was this method that the War Department, in 1860, authorized a 15-inch smoothbore gun. It proved a great success. General Rodman then projected his 20-inch smooth-bore gun, which was made in 1864 under his direction at Fort Pitt, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. It was mounted at Fort Hamiltonoast defense, published by Mr. D. Van Nostrand, of the city. this gun was cast at Pittsbugh, Pennsylvania, by Knap, Rudd and Co., under the direction of Captain T. J. Rodman, of the Ordnance Corps. Its dimensions are as follows: total length190 inches. length of calibre of bore156 inches. length of ellipsoidal chamber9 in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
e from the Confederate batteries and an enfilading fire from sharp-shooters, was several times repulsed. Finally, at a little past noon, two regiments charged across the bridge and drove its defenders away. The divisions of Sturgis, Wilcox, and Rodman, and Scammon's brigade, with four batteries, passed the bridge and drove the confederates almost to Sharpsburg. A. P. Hill, with fresh troops, fell upon Burnside's left, mortally wounding General Rodman, and driving the Nationals nearly back to General Rodman, and driving the Nationals nearly back to the bridge. Gen. O'B. Branch, of North Carolina, was also killed in this encounter. The Confederates were checked by National artillery on the eastern side of the stream, and, reserves advancing under Sturgis, there was no further attempt to retake the Burnside Bridge, as it was called. Hill came up just in time to save Lee's army from destruction. Darkness ended the memorable struggle known as the Battle of Antietam. The losses were very severe. McClellan reported his losses at 12,460 m
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cannon, (search)
s.; weight of shell, 172 lbs.; charge of powder, 20 lbs.; cast at the South Boston foundry, July 8, 1846. Dahlgren gun, of iron, cast solid and cooled from the exterior, very thick at breech and diminishing to muzzle; first cast, May, 1850. Rodman gun, a columbiad model, smooth-bore, made by the Rodman process of hollow casting, cooled from the interior; adopted by the United States for all sea-coast cannon, 1860. First 10-lb. Parrot gun, of iron, cast hollow, cooled from the inside and strengthened by an exterior tube made of wrought-iron bars spirally coiled and shrunk on; made at the West Point foundry, 1860. 15-in. Rodman gun, weighing 49,000 lbs., cast by the South Boston Iron Company, 1860. Parrott gun first put to test of active warfare in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Gatling rapid-firing gun, from five to ten barrels around one common axis; tenbarrel Gatling discharges 1,200 shots a minute; range, 3,000 yds.; invented in 1861. S. B. Dean, of Sout
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rodman, Thomas Jefferson 1815-1871 (search)
Rodman, Thomas Jefferson 1815-1871 Military officer: born in Salem, Ind., July 30, 1815; graduated at West Point in 1841; entered the ordnance department; brevetted brigadier-general in 1865; promoted lieutenant-colonel, United States army, in 1867; best known as the inventor of the Rodman gun and for his services in the manufacture of ordnance and projectiles. He died in Rock Island, Ill., June 7, 1871.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Mountain, battle of (search)
roops of Anderson, supported by Rhodes and Ripley. These held the position for a long time, but finally gave way, and Cox gained the crest of the mountain. It was now noon. Very soon the battle assumed far greater proportions, for two of Longstreet's brigades came to the aid of Hill. These were soon followed by Longstreet himself with seven brigades, making the Confederate force defending the Gap and the two crests about 30,000 strong. First the divisions of National troops of Wilcox, Rodman, and Sturgis came up, followed soon after by Hooker's troops, and a little later a general battle-line was formed Battle of South Mountain. with Ricketts's, Reno's, and King's divisions. At 4 P. M. fighting was general all along the line, and at many points the ground was contested inch by inch. General Hatch, who commanded King's division, was wounded, when General Doubleday took his command, his own passing to the care of General Wainwright, who was soon disabled. At dusk Hooker had
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Woolson, Constance Fenimore 1838-1894 (search)
Woolson, Constance Fenimore 1838-1894 Author; born in Claremont, N. H., March 5, 1838; grandniece of James Fenimore Cooper; educated in Cleveland, O., and New York City; lectured on literary, social, historical, and dramatic subjects; contributed to periodicals; and wrote Castle nowhere; Rodman, the Keeper; For the Major; Horace Chase, etc. She died in Venice, Italy, Jan. 24, 1894.