justify his treatment of Warren.
Sherman must bolster up Shiloh.
Beauregard must diminish Sidney Johnston.
Badeau must belittle Meade, and also the losses in the Wilderness.
These are mere instances.
The heroes and their biographers all write alike, inevitably moved and biassed by the throb of proximity.
Such books are not history.
They make inspiring material, when read in each other's light.
They are personal reminiscences.
History never begins until reminiscence is ended.
Even Mr. Ropes, in his championing of Buell the soldier, omits Buell the man. Now Buell, sulking over his wrongs, declined, when invited, to come back and take a command again.
He found his dignity more important to him than the Union.
Grant, meeting singular injustice after winning Donelson, has such words as these to say : If my course is not satisfactory, remove me at once.
I do not wish to impede in any way the success of our arms.
Good authority rates Buell a more military soldier than Grant, an
, but much that is valuable.
By Henry Adams.
The four last essays.
(New York, 1891: Charles Scribner's Sons.) There is no better summary of pertinent political issues.
IX. Mr. Fish and the Alabama claims.
By J. C. B. Davis.
（Boston and New York, 1893: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) Another excellent and absorbing summary.
X. the story of the Civil War. By John Codman Ropes.
(New York, 1894-98: G. P. Putnam's Sons.) Unfinished.
The reader may always trust Mr. Ropes' information, but not always his judgment.
History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850.
By James Ford Rhodes.
(New York, 1895-99: Harper Brothers.) Unfinished.
This work is steadily taking the features of a classic.
No writer of any period of our history combines so many gifts,--interest, weight, thoroughness, serenity.
the history of the last Quarter-Century in the United States (1870-95). Volume I. By Elisha Benjamin Andrews.