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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 1: the Ante-bellum life of the author. (search)
, and R. S. Ewell, of the Confederate army, were of the same class (1840). The class of 1841 had the largest list of officers killed in action. Irons, Ayers, Ernst, Gantt, Morris, and Burbank were killed in the Mexican War. N. Lyon, R. S. Garnett, J. F. Reynolds, R. B. Garnett, A. W. Whipple, J. M. Jones, I. B. Richardson, and J. P. Garesche fell on the fields of the late war. Of the class of 1842 few were killed in action, but several rose to distinguished positions,--Newton, Eustis, Rosecrans, Lovell, Van Dorn, Pope, Sykes, G. W. Smith, M. L. Smith, R. H. Anderson, L. McLaws, D. H. Hill, A. P. Stewart, B. S. Alexander, N. J. T. Dana, and others. But the class next after us (1843) was destined to furnish the man who was to eclipse all,--to rise to the rank of general, an office made by Congress to honor his services; who became President of the United States, and for a second term; who received the salutations of all the powers of the world in his travels as a private citize
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 9: Robert E. Lee in command. (search)
rear J. E. B. Stuart's daring reconnoissance around the Union army. The assignment of General Lee to command the army of Northern Virginia was far from reconciling the troops to the loss of our beloved chief, Joseph E. Johnston, with whom the army had been closely connected since its earliest active life. All hearts had learned to lean upon him with confidence, and to love him dearly. General Lee's experience in active field work was limited to his West Virginia campaign against General Rosecrans, which was not successful. His services on our coast defences were known as able, and those who knew him in Mexico as one of the principal engineers of General Scott's column, marching for the capture of the capital of that great republic, knew that as military engineer he was especially distinguished; but officers of the line are not apt to look to the staff in choosing leaders of soldiers, either in tactics or strategy. There were, therefore, some misgivings as to the power and ski
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 24: preparing for the spring of 1863. (search)
eeding as well as collecting an army of that magnitude in Mississippi, and asked my views. The Union army under General Rosecrans was then facing the Confederate army under General Bragg in Tennessee, at Murfreesboroa and Shelbyville. I thoue point; that the commands moving on converging lines could have rapid transit and be thrown in overwhelming numbers on Rosecrans before he could have help, break up his army, and march for Cincinnati and the Ohio River; that Grant's was the only ararmy against General Grant, should be sent to reinforce General Bragg, then standing against the Union forces under General Rosecrans in Middle Tennessee; that at the same time he should send my divisions, just up from Suffolk, to join Johnston's reinforcements to Bragg's army; that the combination once made should strike immediately in overwhelming force upon Rosecrans, and march for the Ohio River and Cincinnati. He recognized the suggestion as of good combination, and giving strong assu
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter28: Gettysburg-Third day. (search)
e P. M. Its work has been described, but it is important to note that neither of the other corps took part in the battle while the Southern chief stood in view of the attack and near the rear of those corps. So it looks as if the commander of the First Corps was easier to move than any one in his army, rather than harder, and his chief left him to fight the battles alone. After the retreat, and when resting on the south banks of the Rapidan, reading of the progress of the march of General Rosecrans's army towards Georgia, it seemed sinful to lie there idle while our comrades in the West were so in need of assistance, and I wrote the Secretary of War suggesting that a detachment should be sent West from the idle army. General Lee objected, but the suggestion was ordered to be executed. In this instance the subordinate was easier to move than his chief, though the interests of the cause depended largely on the movement of the latter. The forces engaged at Gettysburg were: Co
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 30: Longstreet moves to Georgia. (search)
st Proposes to the Secretary of War to reinforce against Rosecrans from the Army of Northern Virginia makes plan known to Gauga the armies in position Federals in command of Generals Rosecrans, Crittenden, McCook, and George H. Thomas. While thought of turning minds or forces to arrest the march of Rosecrans. To me the emergency seemed so grave that I decided tt military zone. I said that the successful march of General Rosecrans's army through Georgia would virtually be the finishisame service, and strike a crushing blow against General Rosecrans before he could receive reinforcing help; that our interiouisville and Nashville to Chattanooga. On that road General Rosecrans was marching against General Bragg. On the direct roous during part of the 18th and all of the 19th, that General Rosecrans came to understand the plan as well as his adversary,red his lines by log and rail obstructions. The corps of Rosecrans's right formed two lines of rail defences for infantry.
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 31: battle of Chickamauga. (search)
l's division back to its former ground. Reynolds was posted on eminent ground as rear-guard, and organized retreat followed. It was not until after sunset that Rosecrans's order for retreat was issued, as appears from the letter written from Rossville by General James A. Garfield, chief of staff, dated 8.40, three hours and more events and the evidence seem conclusive that it was our artillery practice that made the confusion of Chickamauga forests unbearable, and enforced retreat before Rosecrans order was issued. The Union army and reserve had been fought, and by united efforts we held the position at Snodgrass Hill, which covered McFarland Gap and t from General Lee's army, September 18 and 19 (a large estimate)5,000 Total60,366 Losses on the 18th and 19th1,124 Aggregate for battle on the 20th59,242 General Rosecrans's return of September 20, 1863, showed: Aggregate of infantry, equipped46,561 Aggregate of cavalry, equipped10,114 Aggregate of artillery, equipped4,192 T
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 32: failure to follow success. (search)
hat if, after so threatening as to throw General Rosecrans to full retreat, we found it inconveniench for fruition of our heavy labors. General Rosecrans prepared, no doubt, to continue his retr, to prevent his detaching reinforcements to Rosecrans. The second when I had gone as far as I thoe 20th of September and during the 21st, General Rosecrans reported his condition deplorable, and ee at the time of the October rains that General Rosecrans could not move his artillery over the muld, leaving the battle to their troops. General Rosecrans was generous enough to acknowledge that iver below Chattanooga. On the same day General Rosecrans was superseded in command by General Geot upon the result of the combination against Rosecrans's army in September, after our lines of tranbama, to Central Mississippi. The armies of Rosecrans and Bragg were standing near Murfreesboroa aon, and Johnston should be ordered to strike Rosecrans in overwhelming numbers and march on to the [1 more...]