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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 26 4 Browse Search
Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: a true life 14 2 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Beatty, John, 1749-1826 (search)
Beatty, John, 1749-1826 Physician; born in Bucks county. Pa., Dec. 19, 1749 was graduated at Princeton in 1769; studied medicine with Dr. Rush; took up arms, and became a colonel in the Pennsylvania line. He was made prisoner at Fort Washington, and suffered much. In 1778 he succeeded Elias Boudinot as commissary-general of prisoners. but resigned in 1780. He was a delegate in the Congress of the Confederation, 1783-85, and of the national Congress. 1793-95. He was secretary of state for New Jersey for ten years--1795--1805. He died at Trenton, N. J., April 30, 1826.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cobbett, William 1762-1835 (search)
Cobbett, William 1762-1835 Journalist; born in Farnham, Surrey, England, March 9, 1762; was the self-educated son of a farmer, and in early manhood was eight years in the army, rising to the rank of sergeant-major. He obtained his discharge in 1791, married, and came to America in 1792, when he became a pamphleteer, bookseller, and journalist, having established Peter Porcupine's gazette in 1794. He attacked Dr. Rush, of Philadelphia, because of his treatment of yellow-fever cases, especially of his blood-letting. Rush prosecuted him for libel, and obtained a verdict for $5,000 damages. That suit had been brought to a trial on the day of Washington's death (Dec. 14, 1799), and Cobbett remarked that it was a singular coincidence that while the great patriot was dying in consequence of the too free use of the lancet, he should be mulcted in a verdict of $5,000 for exposing and ridiculing the dangerous practice in yellow fever. In anticipation of the verdict, Cobbett stopped the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Declaration of Independence. (search)
rt Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry. Rhode Island, Etc. Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery. Connecticut. Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott. New York. William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris. New Jersey. Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark. North Carolina. William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn. Georgia. Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton. Pennsylvania. Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamiin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, William Paca, George Ross. Delaware. Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean. Maryland. Samuel Chase, James Wilson, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Virginia. George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton. South Carolina. Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleto
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopkinson, Joseph 1770-1842 (search)
Hopkinson, Joseph 1770-1842 Jurist; born in Philadelphia, Nov. 12, 1770; son of Francis; graduated at the University of Pennsylvania; became a lawyer of much repute; and was the leading counsel of Dr. Rush in his suit against Cobbett (see Cobbett, William). He was also counsel for Judge Samuel Chase (q. v.) in his impeachment trial. As a member of Congress (1816-20), he distinguished himself by his course on the tariff question, and by his opposition to a recharter of the United States Bank. In 1828 he was appointed judge of the United States district court of eastern Pennsylvania, an office which his father and grandfather had held. He was a leading member of the convention that revised the constitution of Pennsylvania in 1837. Mr. Hopkinson was vice-president of the American Philosophical Society. His best known literary production is hail, Columbia (q. v.). He died in Philadelphia, Jan. 15, 1842.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lee, Charles 1731- (search)
, without delay, may be the means of saving a city. Lee continued to persistently disobey every order of the chief. His reputation was at its zenith. The Americans were infatuated—a delusion which, in the light of subsequent history, seems very strange. He was aiming at the chief command, and he did all he dared, by insinuations and false reports, to disparage Washington in the estimation of the Congress and the people. With unparalleled insolence (which was not rebuked), he wrote to Dr. Rush, a member of Congress: Your apathy amazes me; you make me mad. Let me not talk vainly: had I the power, I could do you much good, might I but dictate one week. Did none of the Congress ever read Roman history? His letters at that juncture show his predetermination to disobey orders and act as he pleased with the troops which had been intrusted to him. On the morning of Dec. 13, 1776, Lee was captured at an inn at Baskingridge, N. J., where he was lodging, nearly 3 miles from his army.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Paine, Thomas 1737- (search)
ade and preached as a Dissenting minister. He was an exciseman at Thetford, and wrote (1772) a pamphlet on the subject. Being accused of smuggling, he was dismissed from office Meeting Dr. Franklin, the latter advised him to go to America. He arrived in Philadelphia in December, 1774, and was employed as editor of the Pennsylvania magazine. In that paper he published, October, 1775, Serious thoughts, in which he declared his hope of the abolition of slavery. At the suggestion of Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia, it is said, he put forward a powerfully written pamphlet, at the beginning of 1776, in favor of the independence of the colonies. It opened with the often-quoted words, These are the times that try men's souls. Its terse, sharp, incisive, and vigorous sentences stirred the people with irrepressible aspirations for independence. A single extract will indicate its character: The nearer any government approaches to a republic, the less business there is for a king; in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Porcupine's gazette. (search)
Porcupine's gazette. William Cobbett, British soldier; born in 1762; emigrated to America in 1792. He published a small daily paper called Porcupine's gazette, which was a formidable and dreaded adversary of the French (or Republican) party; and the Gazette fought the Aurora with the keen and effective weapons of scathing satire. But he did not spare the other side, and often came in sharp collision with the Minerva, the leading Federalist paper of New York, edited by Noah Webster, afterwards the lexicographer. Cobbett assailed leading citizens in his Gazette, and was prosecuted for libels. He was fined $5,000 for a libel on Dr. Rush, and this caused the death of the Gazette. See Cobbett, William.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rush, Benjamin -1813 (search)
Rush, Benjamin -1813 A signer of the Declaration of Independence; born near Philadelphia, Dec. 24, 1745; studied medicine in Edinburgh, London, and Paris, as well as in Philadelphia, and became one of the most eminent physicians of his time, and early in 1778. About 1785 he proposed in Philadelphia the establishment, of the first dispensary in the United States. Dr. Rush was a firm supporter of the national Constitution. During the prevalence of yellow fever in Philadelphia in 1793, only Dr. Rush treated it successfully. It was estimated that he saved from death no fewer than 6,000 people in Philadelphia. In one day he treated 100 patients. He received marks of esteem for his medical skill from foreign potentates, and his writingsus and valuable. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., April 19, 1813. The defects of the Confederation. The following is Dr. Rush's view of the American Confederation, as published in Philadelphia in 1787: There is nothing more common than to co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rush, Richard 1780-1859 (search)
Rush, Richard 1780-1859 Diplomatist; born in Philadelphia, Aug. 29, 1780; son of Dr. Benjamin Rush; graduated at Princeton College in 1797; became a lawyer in 1800; attorney-general of Pennsylvania in 1811, and comptroller of the United States treasury in November of that year. In 1814-17 he was Attorney-General of the United States; in 1817 was temporary Secretary of State under Monroe, and in 1817-25 was minister at the British Court, where he negotiated several important treaties, especie assisted in adjusting a boundary dispute between Ohio and Michigan in 1835, and in 1836 the President appointed him commissioner to receive the Smithsonian legacy, and he returned in August with the entire amount (see Smithson, James L. M.). Mr. Rush was a vigorous writer, and in the newspapers of the day he published many essays in favor of the war with England (1812-15); also in 1833 many able letters against the rechartering of the United States Bank. In 1815 he compiled an edition of th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pennsylvania, (search)
13, 1766 First appearance of the Pennsylvania Chronicle and universal Advertiser......1767 Treaty with the Six Nations at Fort Stanwix, N. Y......Nov. 5, 1768 [This treaty extinguished the Indian claim to the whole region of the Alleghanies from New York to Virginia, so that Thomas and Richard Penn were proprietaries of more than 25,000,000 acres, 250,000 inhabitants, and one of the largest cities in America.] First course of instruction in chemistry attempted in America by Dr. Benjamin Rush at the College of Philadelphia......1769 American Philosophical Society instituted at Philadelphia......1769 Philadelphia calls a public meeting, condemns the duty on tea and taxation by Parliament, and requests the tea agents to resign, which they readily do......Oct. 2, 1773 Tea ship sent back to England before it reaches Philadelphia......Dec. 25, 1773 First Continental Congress assembles at Philadelphia......Sept. 5, 1774 Assembly of Pennsylvania approves the doings
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