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ial change in the distribution and location of the forces he found there, and maintained the organization previously adopted by the South Carolina State authorities. Brigadier-General James Simons was therefore left in command of Morris Island, all the batteries of which had been placed under the immediate charge of Lieutenant-Colonel W. G. De Saussure of the Second Artillery Battalion. He was assisted, at the Trapier Battery, by Captain King, of the Marion Artillery, and, later, by Captain Russell, of the Sumter Guards. Next to the Trapier Battery, and closer to Sumter, was the Stevens or Iron Battery, of which special mention has already been made. Then came the Cummings's Point battery, at a distance of only thirteen hundred yards from Fort Sumter. To it had been attached the rifled Blakely gun, just received from England. Both of these were held by the Palmetto Guard, and commanded by Major Stevens, of the Citadel Academy; Captain Cuthbert having special charge of the Iron
ement forward, an interval occurred between the leading brigade, Gibson's, and its two other brigades, Anderson's and Pond's. General Bragg's Report, Confederate Reports of Battles, p. 227. A brigade of General Polk's division, believed to be Russell's, Major Clack's Report, Confederate Reports of Battles, p. 317. which had been ordered forward by General Beauregard, opportunely filled this vacant space, thus completing the second line in that quarter, and supporting the assault of Hindms division; and, beyond a wide interval, Stuart's isolated brigade, on the extreme left. The Confederate forces in opposing order, left to right, were: Two brigades (Pond's and Anderson's) of Ruggles's division, of Bragg's corps; one brigade (Russell's) of Polk's corps; Hardee's three brigades (Cleburne's, Wood's, and Hindman's), with Gibson's brigade, of Ruggles's division, and Trabue's, of Breckinridge's division, in support or filling up the line; Cheatham's division, of Polk's corps, and
l unprotected, and the fear of its being turned prevented him from executing the movement; seeing this, General Beauregard sent back to him one of his brigades—Trabue's—then on General Bragg's left; and, shortly afterwards, also gave orders that Russell's brigade, of Clark's (now Stewart's) division, of General Polk's corps—which, for the time being, was on General Bragg's right—should be at once extended towards General Breckinridge's left, so as to afford some protection to his threatened flLieutenant-General Forrest, p. 142. At about one o'clock P. M., the enemy, on our left, being reinforced, had resumed the offensive. General Bragg—whose forces had been weakened by the withdrawal of three brigades (Anderson's, Trabue's, and Russell's), which, in the course of the morning, had been sent to strengthen our centre and right—was gradually driven back, towards the Shiloh meeting-house. He then sent to General Beauregard for assistance. Fortunately, in the small ravine pas
nridge and Hardee, to oppose Buell's three fresh divisions, supported by a part of General Grant's forces of the preceding day, under Hurlbut, while General Bragg had only about seven thousand five hundred infantry and artillery, on the left, with which to oppose General Grant's force of more than twenty thousand men. By 11.30 A. M., General Beauregard had withdrawn from General Bragg two brigades and a regiment, to reinforce the centre and right, and he had made him extend another brigade (Russell's) to his right, to cover the space between him and Breckinridge, left open by the unfortunate absence of Cheatham's division, of General Polk's corps. General Bragg had, therefore, at that time (11.30 A. M.), only about five thousand men with whom to confront General Grant's forces, and he was reinforced during the day by only two straggling regiments under General J. K. Jackson, and by a small disjointed brigade under Colonel Pond, at about 1 P. M. With those forces General Bragg not on
essee, Colonel Clark, Island No.10; and 227 for 31st Tennessee, Colonel Bradford, Island No.10; West Tennessee Battalion, 140 men. General Polk will need, at Humboldt, fifteen hundred (1500) men—that is: 67 for 2d Tennessee regiment, Colonel Walker. 65 for 9th Tennessee regiment, Colonel Douglas. 106 for 22d Tennessee regiment, Colonel Freeman. 132 for 154th Sr. Tennessee regiment, Colonel Smith. 220 for 6th Tennessee regiment,Colonel Stephens. 144 for 12th Tennessee regiment,Colonel Russell. 166 for 33d Tennessee regiment,Colonel Campbell. At Union City, Colonel Vaughan, 13th Tennessee regiment, will need 100 men, and Colonel Pickett, 21st Tennessee regiment, will need 60 men. At Lexington, Colonel Carroll, of the 15th Tennessee regiment, will need 65. At Fort Pillow, for the 40th Tennessee regiment, there are 125 needed to fill up the ranks, and at Trenton, the 47th regiment Tennessee Volunteers needs 30 men. Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. Beaur