The letter J was introduced into the alphabets by Giles Beye, a printer of Paris, 1660.
Short-hand writing was known to the Greeks and Romanan war, as compiled from official data, is as follows: French, 29,460,363; English, 15,000,000; Piedmontese, 50,000; Turks, 50,000; Naval forces (Allied), 35,000; Russian, 45,000,000.
Killed and wounded by these projectiles: French, 50,836; English, 21,038; Piedmontese, 183; Turks, 1,000; Naval forces (Allied), 2,000; Russian, 100,000 Total, 175,057.
One projectile in 512 did execution, upon the supposition that no two projectiles struck one person.
Fig. 3970 is a diagram showing the perforating and penetrating power, at various distances, of Palliser projectiles, fired from the service rifled muzzle-loading guns, with battering
ats, 50,000 rock-martens, 20,000 pinemartens, 20,000 badger-skins, 6,500 otter-skins, and 125,000 black cats.
Foxes fetched from 16 to 22 thalers, according to quality, — on an average, about 18 thalers, — per ten skins.
Polecats from 60 to 100 thalers per lot of 40 skins, according to country.
Rock-martens reached 6 thalers per skin for German, 7 1/2 thalers for Bosnian and Greek goods; pine-martens, 6 to 7 1/2 thalers per skin.
Black cats were sold for 9 to 15 thalers per dozen.
Of Russian and Siberian furs were offered 2,000,000 squirrels of all sorts, 160,000 ermine, 30,000 kolinsky, and 8,000 Siberian sables.
Of the productions of North America, about 1,800 sea- otters were quickly bought up by several Russian merchants.
About 80,000 beavers, 40,000 of which were reserved for the demand in England.
There were also 3,000 Virginian polecats, 6,000 bear-skins, 220,000 raccoon-skins, 950,000 skunks, 800 silver foxes, 3,500 cross foxes, 45,000 red foxes, 3,000 gray foxes, a
one Square Inch.
Copper, cast, American24,250
Iron, cast, Low Moor, No. 214,076
Iron, Clyde, No. 116,125
Iron, Clyde, No. 323,468
Iron, Calder, No. 113,735
Iron, Stirling, mean25,764
Iron, mean of American31,829
Iron, mean of English19,484
Iron, Greenwood, American45,970
Iron, gun-metal, mean37,232
Iron, wrought wire103,000
Iron, best Swedish bar72,000
Iron, Russian bar59,500
Iron, English bar56,000
Iron, rivets, American53,300
Iron, mean of English53,900
Iron, rivets, English65,000
Iron, crank shaft44,750
Iron, plates, boiler, American48,000
Iron, plates, mean, English51,000
Iron, plates, lengthwise53,800
Iron, plates, crosswise48,800
Iron, inferior, bar30,000
Iron, wire, American73,600
Iron, wire, American, 16 diameter80,000