h servitude or annihilation, his patriotism was so violently aroused that he listened to his hot young warriors, who counselled war for the extermination of the white people.
His capital was at Mount Hope, a conical hill, 300 feet high, not far from the eastern shore of Narraganset Bay.
There he reigned supreme over the Pokanokets and Wampanoags, and there he planned a confederacy of several New England tribes, comprising about 5,000 souls.
It was done secretly and with great skill.
John Sassamon, who had been educated at Harvard, and was a sort of secretary for Philip, betrayed him, and the Wampanoags slew their secret enemy.
For this act three of them were arrested on a charge of murder and were hanged.
The anger of the nation was thereby fiercely kindled against the English, and they could not be restrained by the cautious Philip.
He sent his women and children to the Narragansets for protection, and proclaimed war. He struck the first blow at Swanzey, July 4, 1675 (N. S.),