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D. H. Hill, Jr., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 4, North Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 31 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 6 2 Browse Search
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e lost ground until Kearny came up about 2 o'clock. Subsequently Couch arrived, but the three divisions never gained an inch from Longstreet's sturdy fighters. When reinforcements began to reach the Federals, Longstreet sent to D. H. Hill for one brigade, and at 3 o'clock Hill's whole division moved back to be in supporting distance, but only two of his regiments were actively drawn into the battle on the right. Longstreet's division contained few North Carolinians. The Thirteenth, Col. A. M. Scales, and the Fourteenth, Col. P. W. Roberts, and Manly's battery, were the State's sole representatives in that part of the battle. Both of these regiments were in Colston's brigade. Colston was not put in till late in the afternoon. The Thirteenth went to A. P. Hill's right and was suddenly and fiercely attacked. It, however, under the stimulating example of Colonel Scales and Lieutenant-Colonel Ruffin, held its own till the close of the contest. The Fourteenth was deployed in a skir
to the shelter of a ravine, not, however, before the noise of their battle and their shout of attack had produced confusion. Gen. D. H. Hill, hearing the noise of this attack, thought it was the preconcerted battle-signal, and obeying his orders, moved his five brigades into action. This division contained eleven North Carolina regiments, but on the day of this battle the Fourth and Fifth were absent on detail duty. In Garland's brigade were the Twelfth, Colonel Wade; the Thirteenth, Colonel Scales; the Twentieth, Maj. W. H. Toon; the Twenty-third, Lieut. I. J. Young. In Anderson's brigade, commanded at Malvern Hill by Colonel Tew, were the Second, Colonel Tew; the Fourteenth, Colonel Johnston; the Thirtieth, Colonel Parker. In Ripley's were the First and Third North Carolina, the First under Lieut.-Col. W. P. Bynum, of the Second, and the Third under Colonel Meares. As Hill's men moved in, Magruder also ordered an advance of his troops, but they were delayed and did not get int
hem from the woods and trench to the railroad in front, in which there were reserves. He followed up his attack and drove the enemy from the railroad, which was a strong position, some distance, capturing a considerable number of prisoners. Colonel Scales says this charge made Colonel Hoke a brigadier-general, although it nearly cost him his life; for his horse fell from a shell wound and threw his rider. The animal, however, immediately rose and dashed off, dragging Colonel Hoke, whose foot was caught in the stirrup. He was rescued by Colonel Oates' men. Colonel Oates said of the Twenty-first North Carolina: The Tarheels moved them down in files. Scales' address in Fredericksburg. Pender's brigade, stationed to Lane's left, was not exposed to so severe an ordeal as Lane's. When the skirmishers and sharpshooters in his front became too annoying, his Twenty-second regiment, Major Cole, drove them away. Colonel McElroy, with the Sixteenth North Carolina, was posted in advan
ourth Virginia, 163; Cobb's legion, 157; Fourth North Carolina, 155; Fifth Alabama, 154; Fourth Georgia, 1500. No words can ever make such undying attestation to North Carolina heroism as is borne by these simple figures. Among the killed were the following officers from North Carolina: Cols. J. T. Purdie, J. C. S. McDowell; Lieut.-Cols. C. C. Cole, J. L. Hill, and Maj. L. Odell. In the list of wounded were Gens. R. F. Hoke, S. D. Ramseur; Cols. T. M. Garrett, T. F. Toon, W. R. Cox, A. M. Scales, W. M. Barbour, C. M. Avery, E. G. Haywood; Lieut.-Cols. J. W. Lea, R. V. Cowan, W. H. A. Speer, Forney George, J. B. Ashcraft; Majs. M. McR. McLauchlin, W. G. Morris, W. L. Davidson, T. W. Mayhew; Adjt. Ives Smedes. On June 9, 1863, at Fleetwood, near Brandy Station, the greatest cavalry engagement of the war occurred. The Union forces, numbering about 10,000 men, under General Pleasanton, attacked General Stuart, commanding the Confederate cavalry, which numbered nearly the same as
rry; Twenty-eighth, Colonel Speer; Thirty-third, Colonel Avery; Thirty-seventh, Colonel Barbour; Scales' brigade—Thirteenth, Colonel Hyman; Sixteenth, Colonel Stowe; Twenty-second, Colonel Galloway; T, Colonel Lowrance; Thirty-eighth, Colonel Ashford. Cooke and Kirkland were in Heth's division, Scales and Lane in Wilcox's division. When Heth's division, the head of A. P. Hill's corps, approach was withdrawn from the flank and put in to relieve Heth. This brought the brigades of Lane and Scales into the thickest of the fight. Wilcox assigned Scales and Lane to the right of the road, McGowScales and Lane to the right of the road, McGowan to the road and Thomas to his left. The two brigades on the right, says Humphreys (Lane's and Scales'), passed through Heth's lines and advanced at different times as far as the swamps, in andScales'), passed through Heth's lines and advanced at different times as far as the swamps, in and near which they encountered Hancock's and Getty's men with varying success, but were finally forced back to Heth's position. The Campaign of 1864 and 1865. Lane says in his account of the battle, th
Harbor. Then came Kershaw, Pickett and Field, of Longstreet's corps. Ewell's corps under Early, and Early's division under Ramseur, occupied the center, A. P. Hill holding the left. There were present in the army thus posted, so far as may be made out from the meager reports, the following North Carolina troops: Martin's, Clingman's, Daniel's (now commanded by Brig.-Gen. Bryan Grimes), Ramseur's (now under Brig.-Gen. W. R. Cox), Johnston's, Cooke's, Kirkland's (now under MacRae), Lane's, Scales', and Hoke's (under Lewis and later Godwin) brigades, and the remnants of the First and Third regiments subsequently assigned to General Cox's brigade. Then operating on the flanks was Gordon's gallant brigade of cavalry, the First, Second and Fifth, commanded after Gordon's death by General Barringer. Of the batteries present, the records show only Flanner's, Ramsey's, and Williams', but Manly's also was there. The reports from the artillery all through the war are very unsatisfactory i
. With the coming of the rest of Lee's army, other North Carolina troops went into the trenches, as follows: Cooke's brigade, MacRae's brigade, Lane's brigade, Scales' brigade, and Williams' and Cummings' batteries. The four brigades in the valley were not recalled until the beginning of winter. Then followed the dreary, su This road was vital to the comfort of the Confederates. So A. P. Hill was directed to stop its destruction. Hill took with him the North Carolina brigades of Scales, Lane, Cooke, MacRae, and in addition, McGowan's and Anderson's brigades, and two of Mahone's. On Hill's approach, Hancock formed behind some old intrenchments coand seems to have been partly dismounted and intrenched. The first attack of Hill, about 2 o'clock, seems to have been made only by the brigades of McGowan and Scales. They were repulsed. At 5 o'clock, General Hill sent forward three North Carolina brigades, Cooke's, Lane's (under General Conner) and MacRae's, to make a secon
d his North Carolinians fought with gallantry and devotion. At Gettysburg he participated in the first shock of battle on July 1st, and on the 3d his brigade and Scales' formed the division which Trimble led up Cemetery hill. In this bloody sacrifice half his men were killed or wounded, and his horse was killed under him. Subseq In 1880 and 1884 he was elected auditor of State, an office the duties of which he discharged with notable ability for a period of eight years. Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales was born November 26, 1827, in Rockingham county, son of Dr. Robert H. Scales. He was educated at the CalBrigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales was born November 26, 1827, in Rockingham county, son of Dr. Robert H. Scales. He was educated at the Caldwell institute and Chapel Hill, and after teaching for a time, studied law with Judge Settle and later with Judge Battle. He was elected county solicitor in 1852, and was a member of the house of commons in 1852-53. In 1854 he made a creditable race as the Democratic candidate for Congress in a Whig district. Again being electe
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.1 (search)
position for a period of fourteen years. Daniel W. Courts, State Treasurer (1852-63), was another alumnus, and so had been his predecessors since 1837, except for two years. Three of the successful Breckinridge electors in 1860, John W. Moore, A. M. Scales, and William B. Rodman, were alumni. This list of the public officials will show conclusively that the large majority of the more important positions in the State were filled by the alumni of the University. They were the men who controlledommissioned Sept. 1, 1863. William Gaston Lewis, commissioned May 31, 1864. James Johnston Pettigrew, commissioned Feb. 26, 1862. Chas. W. Phifer, commissioned spring of 1862. Matt Whitaker Ransom commissioned June 13, 1863. Alfred Moore Scales, commissioned June 13, 1863. Among the staff appointments we find that the third Adjutant and Inspector General, R. C. Gatlin, was a son of this University. He was commissioned August 26, 1863, and in July 1862, had been made a Major-
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.48 (search)
ng the strong force of the enemy's skirmishers on the brigade front. General Pender was wounded, and his aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Sheppard, was killed in the engagement. Some time before Fredericksburg the 13th North Carolina Regiment, Colonel Alfred M. Scales, had been added to Pender's Brigade. The winter of 1862-3 was passed in picket and other duty on the Rappahannock below Fredericksburg. Colonel James Conner rejoined the regiment while it was stationed there, but was still unfitted as the eighteenth battle of the 22d Regiment, and the most fatal. It went through the Maryland campaign of 1863 and Gettysburg with credit. General Wm. D. Pender had been made a major-general and was now in command of the division, and Colonel Alfred M. Scales, of the 13th Regiment, was promoted brigadier in command of the brigade. It participated in the first day's brilliant success at Gettysburg, was engaged also on the second day, and on the third the brigade was part of General I. R. Trim