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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, colony of (search)
erty, they took the lead in political matters. By their recommendation the people in the several counties chose representatives for a Provincial Congress, which body first convened on May 22, 1775. The conservatism of New York disappeared when it was evident that the door of reconciliation had been closed by the King. On May 24, the convention referred the vote of the Continental Congress of the 15th, on the establishment of independent State governments, to a committee composed of John Morin Scott, Haring, Remsen, Lewis, Jay, Cuyler, and Broome. The Canal, broad Street. They reported in favor of the recommendation of the Congress. On the 31st, provision was made for the election of new deputies, with ample power to institute a government which should continue in force until a future peace with Great Britain. Early in June the Provincial Congress had to pass upon the subject of independence. Those who had hitherto hesitated, with a hope of conciliation, now fell into line
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Niagara, Fort (search)
ckett's Harbor received an order from the Secretary of War to march with them to the Niagara frontier, to which line Generals Scott and Ripley had already gone. The object was to recover Fort Niagara, restrain British movements westward, and, if poenaces of the British on the northern border. It was during Brown's suspense that Oswego was attacked and captured. General Scott finally led the army to the Niagara and made his headquarters at Buffalo, where General Brown appeared at the close of June. On the morning of July 3, Generals Scott and Ripley crossed the Niagara River with a considerable force and captured Fort Erie, nearly opposite Black Rock. The garrison withdrew to the intrenched camp of General Riall at Chippewa, a few milt and ending at midnight (Lundy's Lane, Battle of.). The Americans were left in quiet possession of the field. Brown and Scott were both wounded, and the command devolved on General Ripley, who withdrew to Fort Erie. Drummond again advanced with 5
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Northeastern boundary, the (search)
until the irritations caused by the sympathy of the Americans for the Canadians who had broken out into open rebellion against the British government caused great heat concerning the boundary. The people of Maine were much excited, and armed in defence of what they deemed their rights. In fact, there were preparations for war in both Maine and New Brunswick, and the peaceful relations between Great Britain and the United States were threatened with rupture. President Van Buren sent General Scott to that frontier in the winter of 1839, and, by his wise and conciliatory conduct, quiet was produced and bloodshed was prevented. The whole dispute was finally settled by the Ashburton-Webster treaty (Aug. 20, 1842) negotiated at Washington, D. C., by Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, and Lord Ashburton, acting for Great Britain, who had been sent as a special minister for that purpose. Besides settling the boundary question, the treaty provided for the final suppression of the sl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ontario, Lake, operations on (search)
arbor, and named the Sylph, and a small vessel was kept constantly cruising, as a scout, off Kingston, to observe the movements of the British squadron there. This little vessel (Lady of the Lake) captured the British schooner Lady Murray (June 16), laden with provisions shot, and fixed ammunition, and took her into the harbor. Sir James L. Yeo was in command of the British squadron on the lake. He made a cruise westward, and on July 7 appeared with his squadron off Niagara. Chauncey and Scott had just returned from the expedition to York. Chauncey immediately went out and tried to get the weather-gage of Sir James. He had thirteen vessels, but only three of them had been originally built for war purposes. His squadron consisted of the Pike, Madison, Oneida, Hamilton, Scourge, Ontario, Fair American, Governor Tompkins, Conquest, Growler, Julia, Asp, and Pert. The British squadron now consisted of two ships, two brigs, and two large schooners. These had all been constructed fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Patterson, Robert 1792-1881 (search)
aptain in 1814, and served to the end of the war. He resumed mercantile life and became largely interested in manufactures. Commissioned major-general of volunteers when the war with Mexico broke out, he took an active part in the campaign under Scott from Robert Patterson. Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico. When the Civil War broke out, he was placed in command of a division of three months men, and was assigned to a military department composed of the States of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, and the District of Columbia. In command of troops watching the forces under the Confederate General Johnston at Winchester, Va., the failure of General Scott to send him orders for which he had been positively directed to wait, caused him to fail to co-operate with McDowell in his movements that resulted in the battle of Bull Run (q. v.). For this failure he was unjustly dismissed from the service, and he was under a cloud for some time. Documentary evidence finally exonerated him f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Scott, John Morin 1730-1784 (search)
Scott, John Morin 1730-1784 Patriot; born in New York City in 1730; graduated at Yale College in 1746; became a lawyer, and was one of the early opponents of the obnoxious laws of Parliament in New York. He and William Livingston, and one or two others, boldly advised in their writings extreme measures. Scott was one of the most active members of the general committee in 1775, and was also a member of the Provincial Congress that year. In June, 1776, he was appointed a brigadier-generalingston, and one or two others, boldly advised in their writings extreme measures. Scott was one of the most active members of the general committee in 1775, and was also a member of the Provincial Congress that year. In June, 1776, he was appointed a brigadier-general, and commanded a brigade in the battle of Long Island. After the organization of the State of New York, he was appointed its secretary, and was a member of Congress from 1780 to 1783. He died in New York City, Sept. 14, 1784.
common law courts, from the verdict of a jury and without a writ of error, there lay the right to appeal to the king. The judges refused to admit of such appeals. I stand singly, said Colden, in support of the king's prerogative. All that the owners of the great patents can do will only serve to irritate the ministry; for the king's prerogative will be zealously supported, whatever they may foolishly think of intimidating ministers. To the Earl of Halifax, he signalized the lawyer, John Morin Scott, as an incendiary; and entreated the removal of Justice Robert R. Livingston, who had firmly maintained the validity of the verdict of juries. In this way the liberal party in New-York acquired its strength. The merchants opposed the government from hostility to restrictions on trade; the lawyers, from respect to the due course of justice; the large land- chap X.} 1764. Nov. holders, from fear of the diminution of their estates, by the arbitrary exertion of the prerogative. In Ma
he full enjoyment of those rights to which the English constitution entitles them. * * They desire no more; nor can they be satisfied with less. * * Such were the words in which the sober judgment of New-York embodied its convictions. Was John Morin Scott the author of the piece signed Freeman? Colden and Gage attribute the political papers to the lawyers; and Scott seems most likely to have written this. But the opinion is only inferential. I know of no direct evidence. They were caught uScott seems most likely to have written this. But the opinion is only inferential. I know of no direct evidence. They were caught up by the impatient colonies; were reprinted in nearly all their newspapers; were approved of by the most learned and judicious on this continent; and even formed part of the instructions of South Carolina South Carolina to Garth, 16 Dec. 1765. to its agent in England. Thus revolution proceeded. Virginia marshalled resistance; Massachusetts entreated union; New-York pointed to independence.
enge rankled in Colden's breast. The lawyers, he wrote to Conway, at a time when the government in England was still bent on enforcing the Stamp Act, R. Jackson to Bernard, 8 Nov. 1765. the lawyers of this place are the authors and conductors of the present sedition. If judges be sent from England, with an able Attorney- chap. XIX.} 1765. Nov. General and Solicitor-General, to make examples of some very few, this colony will remain quiet. Others of his letters pointed plainly to John Morin Scott, Robert R. Livingston, and William Livingston, as suitable victims. At the same time, some of the churchmen avowed to one another their longing to see the Archbishop of Canterbury display a little more of the resolution of a Laud or a Sextus Quintus; for what, said they, has the church ever gained by that which the courtesy of England calls prudence? Thomas B. Chandler, 12 Nov. 1765. Yet when Moore, the new governor, arrived, he could do nothing but give way to the popular impul
calls upon me, said Washington, I am ready to take my musket on my shoulder. Courage, Americans; American Whig, Nov. Parker's New-York Gazette of 11 April, 1768. cried one of the famed April. New-York Triumvirate of Presbyterian lawyers, William Livingston, Theodore Sedgwick's Life of William Livingston, 145. Rev. Dr. Johnson to W. S. Johnson, Stratford, 22 April, 1768. Within this month the wicked Triumvirate of New-York, S. L. and Sc. [William Smith, William Livingston, and John Morin Scott,] have in Parker's paper, &c. &c. &c. Manuscript letter of Thomas B. Chandler to,——7 April, 1768. The first Whig was written by Livingston, the second by Smith, the third by——,and the fourth by Smith as far as the thundergust, and then Livingston went on in his high prancing style, &c. &c. Unluckily there is no positive mention of the author of Nov. That it was not Smith, appears from the use made of it, after the rupture with England. as I believe; Courage, Americans: liberty, religio
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