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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 14 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Puebla, (search)
rovided for the conquest of the capital of Mexico did not exceed 4,500 men. Sickness and the demands for garrison duty had reduced his army about one-half. At Puebla Scott gave the Mexicans an opportunity to treat for peace. The government had sent Nicholas P. Trist as a diplomatic agent, clothed with power to negotiate for peacorward, and he now accompanied it. He made overtures to the Mexican government, which were treated with disdain and loud boasts of their valor and patriotism. General Scott issued a conciliatory proclamation to the Mexican people on the subject while on the march, which closed with this significant paragraph: I am marching on Puebignificant paragraph: I am marching on Puebla and Mexico, and from those capitals I shall again address you. At Puebla Scott was reinforced by fresh troops. His chief officers were Generals Worth, Twiggs, Quitman, Pillow, Shields, Smith, and Cadwallader. On Aug. 7 he resumed his march towards the capital. See Mexico, War with.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Queenston, battle of. (search)
mortally wounded at the foot of the hill. Wool was left master of the heights until the arrival of General Wadsworth, of the New York militia, who took the chief command. General Sheaffe, who succeeded Brock, again rallied the troops. Lieutenant-Colonel Scott had crossed the river and joined the Americans on the heights as a volunteer, and at the request of General Wadsworth he took active command. Early in the afternoon a crowd of Indians, led by John Brant, son of the great Mohawk chief, fell upon the American pickets with a horrid war-whoop. The militia were about to flee, when the towering form and trumpet-toned voice of Scott arrested their attention. He inspired the troops, now about 600 strong, to fall upon the Indians, who turned and fled in terror to the woods. General Van Rensselaer, who had come over from Lewiston, hastened back to send over more militia. About 1,000 had come over in the morning, but few had engaged in the contest. The others refused to go, ple
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quitman, John Anthony 1799-1858 (search)
m 1826 to 1831 he was chancellor of the Supreme Court of Mississippi, and again from 1832 to 1834. Quitman served in both branches of the State legislature, and was governor pro tem. in 1835. In the struggle of Texas for independence he was distinguished. In 1839 he became judge of the State high court of errors and appeals, and in 1846 the President of the United States appointed him brigadier-general of volunteers. He served with distinction through the war against Mexico, and was appointed by General Scott military governor of the city of Mexico. In 1850 he was elected governor of Mississippi, and was in Congress from 1856 to 1858, at the head of the military committee. General Quitman was a devoted disciple of Calhoun in his political creed. He favored the annexation of Cuba to the United States, and was accused of complicity in the Lopez filibustering expedition. He was held for trial, but the jury disagreeing he was released. He died in Natchez, Miss., July 17, 1858.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ross, John 1790- (search)
ecame principal chief of the Cherokee nation, and from the beginning was an efficient champion of their rights against the encroachments and cupidity of the white race. About 600 of the nation, led by John Ridge, concluded a treaty with the United States, agreeing to surrender the lands of the Cherokees and go west of the Mississippi River. Against this treaty Ross and about 15,000 Cherokees protested, but the United States government, John Ross. having a preponderance of force, sent General Scott with troops to compel the Indians to abide by a treaty made by a small minority. They went sadly to their new home, with Ross at their head, a moderate allowance being made them for their losses. When the Civil War broke out the Cherokees joined the Confederacy. Ross, who was a loyal man, protested, but was compelled to yield, and made a treaty with the Confederate government. At the time of his death, in Washington, D. C., Aug. 1, 1866, Ross was urging the claims of his nation to r