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John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter I (search)
Chapter I Parentage and early life appointment to West Point Virginian room Mates acquaintance with General Winfield Scott character of the West Point training importance of learning how to obey a trip to New York on a wager the West Point Bible class dismissed from the Academy without trial intercession of Stephen A. Douglas restoration to Cadet duty James B. McPherson John B. Hood Robert E. Lee. I was born in the town of Gerry, Chautauqua County, New York, Septembwas laid up in the hospital during the remainder of the encampment. On that account I had a hard struggle with my studies the next year. While sitting on the east porch of the hospital in the afternoon, I attracted the kind attention of General Winfield Scott, who became from that time a real friend, and did me a great service some years later. In our third-class encampment, when corporal of the guard, I had a little misunderstanding one night with the sentinel on post along Fort Clinton di
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter II (search)
to me in detail all the business affairs of the battery, as if he were reporting to an old captain who had just returned from a long leave of absence. Next to General Scott and Colonel Lee, with whom I had had the honor of some acquaintance, I was quite sure there stood before me the finest-looking and most accomplished soldier infferson Davis, an intimate friend of my father-in-law, gave me a timely hint that promotion might be better in a year or two; and his bitterest personal enemy, General Scott, gave me a highly flattering indorsement which secured leave of absence for a year. Thus I retained my commission. As the period of the Civil War approacheof indulgence toward my brother officers of the army who, as I believed, were led by the influence of others so far astray. I took an early occasion to inform General Scott of my readiness to relinquish my leave of absence and return to duty whenever my services might be required, and I had the high honor of not being requested to
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XXII (search)
n the cause of discord, sometimes descending to bitter personal controversy, and in a few instances leading to very serious results. The differences between General Scott and the Secretary became so serious that the general removed his headquarters from Washington to New York, and remained away from the capital several years, unthat great trust would have been much less likely to do serious harm to the public interests if they had been under the watchful eye of a jealous old soldier, like Scott or Sherman, who was not afraid of them. As hereafter explained, the controversy between General Grant and the Secretary of War was the primary cause which final gave up the struggle. Upon my assignment to the command of the army in 1888, I determined to profit so far as possible by the unsatisfactory experience of Generals Scott, Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan—at least so far as to avoid further attempts to accomplish the impossible, which attempts have usually the result of accomplish
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XXVI (search)
ctically reached a long time before General Sheridan became seriously ill. He had long ceased, as General Sherman and General Scott had before him, not only to command, but to exercise any appreciable influence in respect to either the command or the administration. The only difference was that General Scott went to New York and General Sherman to St. Louis, while General Sheridan stayed in Washington. I have always understood, but do not know the fact, that in former times the Secretary oWar Department. Thus it appeared, when I went into the office in 1888, that of my predecessors in command of the army, Scott and Sherman had given up the contest, Sheridan had been quickly put hors de combat, while Grant alone had won the fight, o adopt any regulation on the subject in the next or any succeeding administration. The personal controversy between General Scott and the Secretary of War many years before had resulted in the repeal, through revision, of the old and quite satisfa
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XXIX (search)
rogress has been made toward a satisfactory solution. Whatever the outcome may be in respect to preparation for war, certainly the government and the people ought to adopt such a policy as will lead to the best practicable use of the preparations which have actually been made. In this respect the policy adopted by the National Government in 1861 was about as weak as possible, while that of the Confederates was comparatively strong. It is said that this weak policy was due largely to General Scott, and grew out of his distrust of volunteer troops; he having thought it necessary to have a considerable body of regular troops to give steadiness and confidence to the volunteers or militia. This is a very good theory, no doubt, provided the regulars could be provided in advance in such numbers as to produce the desired effect. But if that theory had been relied upon in 1861, the Confederate States would have established their independence long before the regular army could be organi
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
220, 224, 232, 233 Military training, 407 et seq. Militia, Gen. Scott's distrust of, 513 Milledgeville, Ga., Sherman proposes to wredden trip from West Point to, 7, 8; S. leaves for Liverpool, 385; Gen. Scott removes his headquarters from Washington to, 406, 469; Sherman's ction of the eyes, 4; first meeting and subsequent relations with Gen. Scott, 4, 18, 30; use of cards, 5; inattention to study, 5; use of tobaec. 16, 263-265 Science in the art of war, 457-460 Scott, Lieut.-Gen., Winfield, S.'s first meeting and subsequent relations with, 4, 18n in, 480, 481; plans for increase of, 487; Indians in, 488, 489; Gen. Scott's theory concerning, 513; condition at outbreak of the war, 613 e2; discipline among, 182; dangers of an improvised staff of, 217; Gen. Scott's distrust of, 513; mistaken policy as to commands in, 514 Vols capture in 1863, 525; the question of living expenses at, 538; Gen. Scott removes his headquarters to New York from, 406; Sherman removes h