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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Asia, the, (search)
(for war seemed inevitable) and take them to a place of safety. There was, also. an independent corps, under Colonel Lasher, and a body of citizens, guided by Isaac Sears. The captain of the Asia, informed of the intended movement. sent a barge filled with armed men to watch the patriots. The latter, indiscreetly, sent a muskewhile all was confusion and alarm, the war-ship fired a broadside. Others rapidly followed. Several houses were injured by the grape and round shot, and three of Sears's party were killed. Terror seized the inhabitants as the rumor spread that the city was to be sacked and burned. Hundreds of men, women, and children were seen, of his fears, took refuge on another vessel of war in the harbor, whence, like Dunmore, he attempted to exercise authority as governor. Among the citizens led by Sears was Alexander Hamilton, then a student in King's College, eighteen years of age. The cannon were removed from the battery and fort, and were hidden on the college
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacDOUGALLougall, Alexander 1731- (search)
hould refuse to do so, to send notice thereof to all the other assemblies, and to publish their names to the world. In response to the call, full 1,400 people gathered around the liberty pole in The fields, where they were harangued by John Lamb, and the people, by unanimous vote, condemned the action of the Assembly in passing obnoxious bills. The sentiments of the meeting were embodied in a communication to the Assembly, which was borne by a committee of seven leading Sons of Liberty—Isaac Sears, Caspar Wistar, Alexander MacDougall, Jacob Van Zandt, Samuel Broome, Erasmus Williams, and James Varick. Toryism was then rife in the New York Assembly. Twenty of that body, on motion of James De Lancey, voted that the handbill was an infamous and scandalous libel. Only one member—Philip Schuyler—voted No. The Assembly then set about ferreting out the author of it, and a reward of $500 was offered. The frightened printer of the handbill, when arraigned before the House, gave the name <
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
en in effigy in the Fields (see page 417), marched back to the fort, dragged his fine coach to the open space in front of it, tore down the wooden fence around Bowling Green, and, after making a pile of the wood, cast the coach and effigy upon it, and set fire to the whole. The mob then proceeded to the beautiful residence of Major James, of the royal artillery, a little way out of town, where they destroyed his fine library, works of art, and furniture, and desolated his choice garden. Isaac Sears and other leaders of the assembled citizens tried to restrain them, but could not. After parading the streets with the Stamp Act printed upon large sheets and raised upon poles, headed England's folly and America's ruin, they quietly dispersed. The governor gave up the stamps (Nov. 5) to the mayor and the corporation of the city of New York, Old Houses, New York City, 1679. City Hall Park in 1822, site of the fields. and they were deposited in the City Hall. The losers by the rio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rivington, James 1724- (search)
ournalist; born in London, England, about 1724; was engaged in bookselling in London, and failing, came to America in 1760, and established a book-store in Philadelphia the same year. In 1761 he opened one near the foot of Wall Street, New York, where his New York Gazeteer, a weekly newspaper, was established in April, 1773. It was soon devoted to the royal cause, and his trenchant paragraphs against the rebels made him detested by the Whigs. To sarcasm he added good-natured ridicule. Isaac Sears, a leader of the Sons of Liberty, was so irritated by him that. with a company of light-horsemen from Connecticut, he destroyed Rivington's printing establishment in November, 1775, after which the latter went to England. Walnut Street front of the State-House. (from an old print of the period.) James Rivington. Appointed king's printer in New York, he returned late in 1776 with new printing materials, and in 1777 resumed the publication of his paper under the title of Rivington'
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sears, Isaac 1729- (search)
Sears, Isaac 1729- Patriot; born in Norwalk, Conn., in 1729. His ancestors were from Colchester, England, and were among the earlier emigrants to Massachusetts, landing at Plymouth in 1630. He was one of the most earnest, active, and pugnacious of the Sons of Liberty in New York; was a successful merchant there, engaged in the European and West India trade, when political matters arrested his attention. After the passage of the Stamp Act he became a prominent leader of the opposition to And so, my good masters, I find it no joke, For York has stepped forward and thrown off the yoke Of Congress, Committees, and even King Sears, Who shows you good nature by showing his ears. Rivington abused him in his newspaper without stint. Sears retaliated by entering the city one day, Nov. 23, 1775, at the head of some Connecticut horsemen and destroying that publisher's printing establishment. In the spring of 1776 he was General Charles Lee's adjutant. When the war ended his busines
ht be laid on the colonies to yield £ 500,000, which would secure the promised relief to the country gentlemen. This sum, he insisted, the Americans were well able to pay, and he was heard by the House with great joy and attention, For an account of Huske's speech, see extract of a letter from a gentleman in London to his friend in New-York, in Weyman's New-York Gazette of 5 April, 1764. Gordon, in History of American Revolution, i. 157, quotes the letter as from Stephen Savre to Capt. Isaac Sears, of New-York. See, also, Joseph Reed to Charles Pettit, London, 11 June, 1764, in Reed's Life and Correspondence of Reed, i. 33. The date of Sayre's letter shows the speech must have been made before the 7th of Feb., 1764; probably in December, 1763. betraying his native land for the momentary chap. IX.} 1763. Dec. pleasure of being cheered by the aristocracy, which was soon to laugh at him. Reed's Reed, i. 33. In England the force of opposition was broken. Charles Yorke cam
me from their shipping; the people flocked in, as Gage thought, by thousands; the number seemed to be still increasing; and the leader of the popular tumult was Isaac Sears, the self-constituted, and for ten years, the recognised head of the people of New-York. At the corners of streets, at the doors of the public offices, placard his declaration to that effect, duly authenticated, was immediately published. But the confidence of the people was shaken. We will have the stamp papers, cried Sears to the multitude, within fourand-twenty hours; and as he appealed to the crowd, they expressed their adherence by shouts. Your best way, added Sears to the friendSears to the friends of order, will be to advise Lieutenant-Governor Colden to send the stamp papers from the fort to the inhabitants. To appease their wrath, Colden invited Kennedy to receive them on board the Coventry. They are already lodged in the fort, answered Kennedy, unwilling to offend the people. The Common Council of New-York next interp
be of no avail, America must unite and prepare for resistance. In New-York, on Christmas day, the lovers of liberty pledged themselves to march with all dispatch, at their own costs and expense, on the first proper notice, with their whole force, if required, to the relief of those who should, or might be, in danger from the Stamp Act or its abettors. Before the year was up, Mott, one of the New-York Committee of Correspondence, arrived with others at New London, bringing a letter from Isaac Sears, and charged to ascertain how far New England would adopt the same covenant. If the great men are determined to enforce the Act, said John Adams, on New Year's day, on some 1766 Jan vague news from New-York, they will find it a more obstinate war than the conquest of Canada and Louisiana. Great Sir, said Edes and Gill through their newspaper to the king, printing the message in large letters, Great Sir, Retreat or you are ruined. None, said the press of Philadelphia, in words wide
field county resolved that the Stamp Act was unconstitutional, null, and void, and that business of all kinds should go on as usual. Then, too, the hum of domestic industry was heard more and more: young women would get together, and merrily and emulously drive the spinning wheel from sunrise till dark; and every day the humor spread for being clad in homespun. Hutchinson's Corr. 8 March, 1766. Cheered by the zeal of New England, the Sons of Liberty of New-York, under the lead of Isaac Sears and John Lamb, sent circular letters as far as South Carolina, inviting to the formation of a permanent continental union. Gordon, i. 199. But the summons was not waited for. The people of South Carolina grew more and more hearty against the Act. We are a very weak province, reasoned Christopher Gadsden, From an autograph letter of Christopher Gadsden to W. S. Johnson, 16 April, 1766. yet a rich growing one, and of as much importance to Great Britain as any upon the continent; a
66. Dunlap's History of New-York, i. 433; Isaac Q. Leake's Life of John Lamb, 36. of the tenth of August, cut down the flagstaff of the citizens, the General reported the ensuing quarrel as a proof of anarchy and confusion, and the requisiteness of troops for the support of the laws. General Gage to Secretary Richmond, 26 Aug. 1766. Yet the New-York Association of the Sons of Liberty had been dissolved; and all efforts to keep up its glorious spirit, were subor dinated to loyalty. Isaac Sears, John Lamb, and others to Nicholas Ray, New-York, 10 Oct. 1766. A few individuals Andrew Oliver to Thomas Whately, 7 May, 1767, in Letters, &c., 19. at Boston, Chap. XXVII.} 1766. Oct. having celebrated the anniversary of the outbreak against the Stamp Act, care was taken to report, how healths had been drunk to Otis, the American Hampden, who first proposed the Congress; Tenth Toast at Liberty Tree, 14 Aug. 1766. to the Virginians, who sounded the alarm to the country; to Paoli an
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