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e the bitter opposition of a majority of the Northern political and social leaders, the people of the Northern States had renominated Lincoln in June, 1864. In November, encouraged by the victories of Farragut at Mobile, Sherman in Georgia, and Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, they had reflected him President of the United States by an electoral vote of 212 to 21. Since the election, continued Northern victories had made certain the speedy termination of the war. Not long since, his opponenthe war photographs of every description, one may distinguish in From the army to the White House: Garfield in 1863—(left to right) Thomas, Wiles, Tyler, Simmons, Drillard, Ducat, Barnett, Goddard, Rosecrans, Garfield, Porter, Bond, Thompson, Sheridan. War-time portraits of six soldiers whose military records assisted them to the Presidential Chair. Brig.-Gen. Andrew Johnson President, 1865-69. General Ulysses S. Grant, President, 1869-77. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Rutherford B. Hayes Presid
he temperament of the soldier, there was no lack of the training or experience of the soldier. If not a brilliant student, according to the standards of West Point, he made a faithful use of the opportunity which that institution gave him for a military training. In his class-standing he held a middle place with others of the graduates most distinguished in our Civil War; a relatively higher place than Jefferson Davis, James Longstreet, William J. Hardee, and others of the South; and than Sheridan, Hooker, Buell, and other leaders of the Northern armies. no soldier of like rank was more distinguished in the War with Mexico than Grant, then a lieutenant. It is no small achievement for a subaltern to be brought into the lime-light Grant in June, 1864—a summer day at City Point while great events were hanging in the ballance Third from the left sits General Grant at his headquarters at City Point, on a high bluff at the junction of the James and the Appomattox rivers. At this
ed the war in the northwest and southwest As Sherman cut the southeastern Confederacy in two by his march to the sea, so Sheridan (center of group above) and Canby (shown below) wiped off the map the theaters of war in the northwest and southwest respectively. With Merritt and Torbert, and the dashing Custer, Sheridan swept the Shenandoah Valley. Canby, as commander of the military division of West Mississippi, directed the Mobile campaign of March-April, 1865, which resulted in the occupationwar. The cavalry leaders in the upper picture are, from left to right: Generals Wesley Merritt, David McM. Gregg, Philip Henry Sheridan, Henry E. Davies, James Harrison Wilson, and Alfred T. A. Torbert. Wilson was given the cavalry corps of the military district of the Mississippi in 1865, and Torbert commanded the cavalry corps of the Army of the Shenandoah under Sheridan. These six great leaders are among the men who handled the Federal cavalry in its last days, welding it into the splendid
20815.8 148th PennsylvaniaBarlow'sSecond1,33921015.6 83d PennsylvaniaGriffin'sFifth1,80828215.5 22d MassachusettsGriffin'sFifth1,39321615.5 36th WisconsinGibbon'sSecond1,01415715.4 27th IndianaWilliams'Twelfth1,10116915.3 5th KentuckyT. J. Wood'sFourth1,02015715.3 27th MichiganWillcox'sNinth1,48522515.1 79th U. S. ColoredThayer'sSeventh1,24918815.0 17th MaineBirney'sThird1,37120715.0 1st MinnesotaGibbon'sSecond1,24218715.0 93d IllinoisQuinby'sSeventeenth1,01115114.9 36th IllinoisSheridan'sFourth1,37620414.8 8th Penn. ReservesCrawford'sFifth1,06215814.8 126th New YorkBarlow'sSecond1,03615314.7 49th PennsylvaniaWright'sSixth1,31319314.6 9th IllinoisDodge'sSixteenth1,49321614.4 20th IndianaBirney'sThird1,40320114.3 15th KentuckyJohnson'sFourteenth95613714.3 2d MassachusettsWilliams'Twelfth1,30518714.3 55th IllinoisBlair'sFifteenth1,09915714.2 4th MichiganGriffin'sFifth1,32518914.2 15th MassachusettsGibbon'sSecond1,70124114.1 15th New JerseyWright'sSixth1,70224014.1
f West Virginia in 1864. later Crook led a Cavalry division under Sheridan in the Appomattox campaign at five Forks and during the pursuit of63-4. with this Army Banks captured Port Hudson in 1863. Philip Henry Sheridan, commander of the Army of Shenandoah in 1864. Sheridan ledSheridan led a division at Chickamauga and Chattanooga and commanded the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac in the Wilderness campaign. Henry Warral of volunteers. He was active in the Shenandoah campaign under Sheridan; also at Five Forks and Appomattox. In 1866, as lieutenant-colonebelonging to the Middle Military Division, organized for Major-General P. H. Sheridan, in August, 1864, in order to drive Lieutenant-General Ers were Brigadier-Generals A. Pleasonton, D. McM. Gregg, Major-General P. H. Sheridan, Brigadier-General A. T. A. Torbert, Brevet Brigadier-Gen of 1864. The corps was broken up in May, 1865. Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan (U. S.M. A. 1853) was born in Albany, New York, M
ull Run to Bentonville. With J. E. B. Stuart's Cavalry he stood in the way of Sheridan at Trevilian Station in 1864. Richard Henry Anderson commanded a brigade on on July 12th. His forces were finally routed at Cedar Creek, October 19th, by Sheridan. He was relieved of the command of the Trans-Alleghany Department in March, 1ign of 1864, he was very active, but was mortally wounded in an encounter with Sheridan's cavalry at Yellow Tavern. He died May 12, 1864. Lieutenant-General Wade chmond and Petersburg. Arthur M. Manigault, Colonel 10th regiment. oppose Sheridan's cavalry in March, 1865, and also at Dinwiddie Court House and Five Forks. Heral J. E. B. Stuart. General Lee with his cavalry opposed the advances of General Sheridan in his Trevilian raid when Wilson was sent out to cut the Weldon and Southnding General Hampton's division, where he was engaged with the cavalry of General Sheridan, and later broke through General J. H. Wilson's lines. General Butler was
ficiency brevet rank higher than the next grade above was given. The date is that of the appointment. Lieutenant-General, United States army (full rank) Grant, Ulysses S., Mar. 2, 1864. Lieutenant-General, United States army (by Brevet) Scott, Winfield, Mar. 29, 1847. Major-generals, United States army (full rank) Fremont, J. C., May 14, 1861. Halleck, H. W., Aug. 19, 1861. Hancock, Winfield, July 26, 1866. McClellan, G. B., May 14, 1861. Meade, G. G., Aug. 18, 1864. Sheridan, P. H., Nov. 8, 1864. Sherman, Wm. T., Aug. 12, 1864. Thomas, Geo. H., Dec. 15, 1864. Wool, John E., May 16, 1862. Major-generals, United States army (by Brevet) Allen, Robert, Mar. 13, 1865. Ames, Adelbert, Mar. 13, 1865. Anderson, Robert, Feb. 3, 1865. Arnold, Richard, Mar. 13, 1865. Augur, Chris. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Averell, Wm. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Ayres, R. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Baird, Absalom, Mar. 13, 1865. Barnard, John G., Mar. 13, 1865. Barnes, Joseph K., Mar. 13, 1865. B
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), General officers of the Confederate Army: a full roster compiled from the official records (search)
Weisinger, defender of the Petersburg Crater. Gabriel C. Wharton, in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864. Philip St. G. Cocke, First defender of Virginia, in 1861. Patrick T. Moore, in command of Reserves defending Richmond. Edwin G. Lee, on special service. James B. Terrell led Pegram's old brigade at the Wilderness. Robert H. Chilton, Lee's adjutant-general. Seth M. Barton led a brigade in Lee's Army. George W. Randolph, Secretary of War in 1862. William C. Wickham fought Sheridan before Richmond. Eppa Hunton led a brigade in Pickett's division. Gracie, Arch., Jr. , Nov. 4, 1863. Gray, Henry, Mar. 17, 1865. Grayson, John B., Aug. 15, 1861. Green, Martin E., July 21, 1862. Green, Thomas, May 20, 1863. Greer, Elkanah, Oct. 8, 1862. Gregg, John, Aug. 29, 1862 Gregg, Maxcy, Dec. 14, 1861. Griffith, Rich., Nov. 2, 1861. Hagood, Johnson, July 21, 1862. Hanson, Roger W., Dec. 13, 1862. Hardeman, W. P., Mar. 17, 1865. Harris, Nat. H., Jan. 20, 1864. Harriso