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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 8 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ringgold, battle of (search)
Ringgold, battle of When, on Nov. 25, 1863, the Confederates retreated from Missionary Ridge towards Ringgold they destroyed the bridges behind them. Early the next morning, Sherman, Palmer, and Hooker were sent in pursuit. Both Sherman and Palmer struck a rear-guard of the fugitives late on the same day, and the latter captured three guns from them. At Greysville Sherman halted and sent Howard to destroy a large section of the railway which connected Dalton with Cleveland, and thus severed the communication between Bragg and Burnside. Hooker, meanwhile, had pushed on to Ringgold, Osterhaus leading, Geary following, and Cruft in the rear, making numerous prisoners of stragglers. At a deep gorge General Cleburne, covering Bragg's retreat, made a stand, with guns well posted. Hooker's guns had not yet come up, and his impatient troops were permitted to attack the Confederates with small-arms only. A severe struggle ensued, and in the afternoon, when some of Hooker's guns were
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Saint-Gaudens, Augustus 1848- (search)
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus 1848- Sculptor; born in Dublin, Ireland, March 1, 1848; was brought to the United States when an infant; learned the trade of cameo-cutter; studied drawing at Cooper Institute in 1861; student at the National Academy of Design in 1865-66; then studied in Paris till 1870 and in Rome in 1871-72, producing in the latter city his first figure, Hiawatha. He returned to New York in 1873. Among his most important works are Adoration of the cross; The Puritan; statues of Abraham Lincoln, John A. Logan, Admiral Farragut, Col. R. G. Shaw; monument of General Sherman; and numerous other statues, busts, etc. He designed the Medal of Award of the Columbian Exposition, and a number of presentation medals authorized by Congress. In 1901 he was engaged on the Parnell Memorial monument. Military establishment at St. John, 1850.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Salm-Salm, Prince Felix 1828- (search)
vetted brigadier-general of volunteers, April 15, 1865; served in Mexico under Emperor Maximilian, to whom he was an aide-de-camp; and was captured at Queretaro. He returned to Europe after the execution of Maximilian; rejoined the Prussian army; and was killed in the battle of Gravelotte, near Metz, Alsace, Aug. 13, 1870. His wife, Agnes Leclerq, born in Baltimore, Md., in 1842; educated in Philadelphia, Pa.; married the prince Aug. 30, 1862: accompanied him through all his military campaigns in the South, where she performed useful service in field-hospitals. After the capture of her husband at Queretaro she rode to San Luis Potosi and vainly besought President Juarez to secure the freedom of Maximilian and her Husband. She raised a hospital brigade with which she did much good in the Franco-Prussian War. She visited America in 1900 for the purpose of presenting the old battle-flags to the survivors of her husband's regiment, which had been in Sherman's great march to the sea.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Saxton, Rufus 1824- (search)
Saxton, Rufus 1824- Military officer; born in Greenfield, Mass., Oct. 19, 1824; graduated at West Point in 1849; led a surveying party across the Rocky Mountains in 1853, and afterwards was employed in the coast survey. He was with Captain Lyon at St. Louis when the Civil War broke out, and was prominent in breaking up the Confederate Camp Jackson (see St. Louis arsenal). He was with McClellan in western Virginia, and then with General Sherman in the South as quartermaster-general. He was in command at Harper's Ferry awhile, and, as brigadiergeneral (April 15, 1862), was made military governor of the Department of the South, serving in that capacity from 1862 to 1865. In 1865 he was brevetted majorgeneral of volunteers; in 1882 was promoted colonel and assistant quartermastergeneral, United States army; and in 1888 was retired.