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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 153 1 Browse Search
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874. 28 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 18 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 8 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition. 6 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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f American Independence was first communicated by Mr. Jefferson separately to two of his colleagues, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, on the committee chosen by Congress to prepare it; then to the whole committee, consisting, in addition, of Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston; reported, after twenty days gestation, on the 28th of June; read in Committee of the Whole on the 1st of July; earnestly debated and scanned throughout the three following days, until finally adopted on the evening of the 4th. It may safely be said that not an affirmation, not a sentiment, was put forth therein to the world, which had not received the deliberate approbation of such cautious, conservative minds as those of Franklin, John Adams, and Roger Sherman, and of the American People, as well as their representatives in Congress, those of South Carolina and Georgia included. The progress of the Revolution justified and deepened these convictions. Slavery was soon proved our chief source of weakne
tion the Ays and Noes were required and taken, with the following result: N. Hamp Mr. Foster ay, Ay.   Mr. Blanchard ay, Massachu Mr. Gerry ay, Ay.   Mr. Partridge ay, R. Island Mr. Ellery ay, Ay.   Mr. Howell ay, Connect Mr. Sherman ay, Ay.   Mr. Wadsworth ay, New York Mr. De Witt ay, Ay.   Mr. Paine ay, N. Jersey Mr. Dick ay, No vote. By the Articles of Confederation, two or more delegates were required to be present to cast the vote of a State. New Jerseand Nays being required by Mr. Yates, they were taken, with the following result: Massachusetts Mr. Holton ay, Ay.   Mr. Dane ay, New York Mr. Smith ay, Ay.   Mr. Haring ay,   Mr. Yates no, New Jersey Mr. Clarke ay, Ay.   Mr. Sherman ay, Delaware Mr. Kearney ay, Ay.   Mr. Mitchell ay, Virginia Mr. Grayson ay, Ay.   Mr. R. H. Lee ay,   Mr. Carrington ay, North Carolina Mr. Blount ay, Ay.   Mr. Hawkins ay, South Carolina Mr. Kean ay, Ay.   M
such a practice, that he was not sure that he could assent to it under any circumstances. Mr. Sherman [Roger, of Connecticut] regarded the Slave-Trade as iniquitous; but, the point of representaton, if the Union should be permanent, will render the number of representatives excessive. Mr. Sherman and Mr. Madison moved to insert the words not exceeding before the words one for every forty t his sentiments on the subject might appear, whatever might be the fate of the amendment. Mr. Sherman did not regard the admission of negroes into the ratio of representation as liable to such inler [of South Carolina] declared that he would never agree to the power of taxing exports. Mr. Sherman said it was better to let the Southern States import slaves than to part with them, if they m South was imperative, and the necessity of submitting to it was quite too easily conceded. Roger Sherman, of Connecticut, was among the first to admit it. The conscience of the North was quieted
as Wilson, one of the warmest advocates in the convention of a strong central government, spoke of the Constitution as a compact, and of the parties to it as each enjoying sovereign power. See Life of Gouverneur Morris, Vol. III, p. 193. Roger Sherman of Connecticut declared that the government was instituted by a number of sovereign States. See Writings of John Adams, Vol. VII, letter of Roger Sherman. Oliver Ellsworth of the same state spoke of the states as sovereign bodies. See Roger Sherman. Oliver Ellsworth of the same state spoke of the states as sovereign bodies. See Elliott's Debates, Vol. II, p. 197. These were all eminent members of the convention which formed the Constitution. There was scarcely a statesman of that period who did not leave on record expressions of the same sort. But why multiply citations? It is very evident that the men of those days entertained very different views of sovereignty from those set forth by the new lights of our day. Far from considering it a term of feudal origin, purely inapplicable to the American system, they se
the carriers. 1bid., p. 457. Mr. Pinckney: South Carolina can never receive the plan if it prohibits the slave-trade. In every proposed extension of the powers of Congress, that State has expressly and watchfully excepted that of meddling with the importation of negroes. If the States be all left at liberty on this subject, South Carolina may, perhaps, by degrees, do of herself what is wished, as Virginia and Maryland already have done. Elliott's Debates, Vol. V, p. 457. Mr. Sherman was for leaving the clause as it stands. He disapproved of the slave-trade; yet, as the States were now possessed of the right to import slaves, as the public good did not require it to be taken from them, and as it was expedient to have as few objections as possible to the proposed scheme of government, he thought it best to leave the matter as we find it. Ibid Mr. Baldwin had conceived national objects alone to be before the Convention: not such as, like the present, were of a lo
82. Sectional rivalry, 24. Growth, 26-29, 36, 42, 48, 71. Culmination, 52-53, 58-59. Retrospect, 66-67. Safeguards against, 158-59. Seddon, James A. Delegate to Peace Congress, 214. Semmes, Captain, 408. Emissary to North to secure arms for Con-federacy, 270-71. Seward, W. H., 58, 59. Extract from dispatch to Dayton, 226-27. Relations with Confederate commission, 230-238. Instructions to Dallas, 281-82. Seymour, Horatio, 220. Sharkey, William L., 198. Sherman, Roger, 123. Shiloh, Battle of, 409. Sickles, General, 390, 394. Singleton, O. R., 51-52. Slavery. Status at adoption of Federal Constitution, 1, 71. Moral considerations, 1, 3-4. Importation prohibited, 2-3. Abolition petition, 2, 29. Extension, 4, 5; to Kansas and Nebraska, 26. Occasion but not cause of conflict, 65-66. Summary up to 1860, 66. Under control of states, 67. Recognition by Constitution, 67-69. Dred Scott case, 70. Regulation (Confederate Constitution), 22
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Board of War and ordnance, (search)
Board of War and ordnance, A committee appointed by Congress, June 12, 1776, consisting of John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, James Wilson, and Edward Rutledge, with Richard Peters as secretary. This board continued. with changes, until October, 1781, when Benjamin Lincoln was appointed Secretary of War.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boynton, Henry Van ness, 1835- (search)
Boynton, Henry Van ness, 1835- Military officer; born in West Stockbridge, Mass., July 22, 1835; received a commission as major in the 35th Ohio Volunteer Infantry at the outbreak of the Civil War and served during the Tennessee campaign; received the brevet of brigadier-general for gallant conduct at the battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga; became chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga Military Park, and a brigadier-general of volunteers in the American-Spanish War. He is author of Sherman's Historical raid, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brown, Joseph Emerson, 1821-1894 (search)
Brown, Joseph Emerson, 1821-1894 Jurist; born in Pickens county, S. C., April 15, 1821; removed to Georgia in 1836; admitted to the bar in 1845; elected to the State Senate in 1849; and was governor of Georgia in 1857-65. During the Civil War he threw his influence on the side of the Confederacy, but antagonized some of the war measures of Jefferson Davis and refused to allow State troops to be sent out of the State to check Sherman's march. When peace was concluded he favored the reconstruction policy of the federal government, though the Democratic party of Georgia opposed it. In 1880-91 he held a seat in the United States Senate, and during his last term in that body was a member of the committees on civil service, retrenchment, foreign relations, and railroads. He died in Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 30, 1894.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buena Vista, battle of. (search)
of Taylor and Wool, then less than 5.000 in number. The battle began early on the morning of the 23d, and continued all day. The struggle was terribly severe; the slaughter was fearful; and until near sunset it was doubtful who would triumph. Then the Mexican leader, performing the pitiful trick of displaying a flag of truce to throw Taylor off his guard, made a desperate assault on the American centre, where that officer was in command in person. The batteries of Bragg, Washington, and Sherman resisted the assault, and before long the Mexican line began to waver. Taylor, standing near one of the batteries, seeing this sign of weakness, said, quietly, Give 'em a little more grape, Captain Bragg (see Bragg, Braxton). It was done, and just at twilight the Mexicans gave way and fled in considerable confusion. Night closed the battle. Expecting it would be resumed in the morning, the Americans again slept on their arms, but when the day dawned no enemy was to be seen. Santa Ana h
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