Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. You can also browse the collection for John Smith or search for John Smith in all documents.

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nia was the mother of a Chap XIII.} cluster of states; like the towns of New England, the plantations of Virginia extended along the sea. The country on Nansemund River had been settled as early as 1609; in 1622, the adventurous Porey, then secre- 1622. Feb. tary of the Old Dominion, travelled over land to the South River, Chowan, and, on his return, celebrated the kindness of the native people, the fertility of the country, and the happy climate, that yielded two harvests in each year. Smith's Virginia, II. 64. If no immediate colonization ensued, if the plans formed in England by Sir Robert Heath, or by Lord Maltravers, Heath's assign, were never realized, the desire of extending the settlements to the south still prevailed in Virginia; and twenty years after the excursion of Porey, a company 1642 Jan. that had heard of the river that lay south-west of the Appomattox, petitioned, and soon obtained leave of the 1643 Virginia legislature to prosecute the discovery, under the pr
} an insurrection. The governor, in a new country, without soldiers and without a citadel, was compelled to practise moderation. Tyranny was impossible; it had no powerful instruments. Burk, ii 302—306. Despotism sought in vain to establish itself in Virginia; when the prerogative of the governor was at its height, he was still too feeble to oppress the colony. Virginia was always A land of liberty. Nor let the first tendencies to union pass unnoticed. In the Bay of the Chesapeake, Smith had encountered warriors of the Five Nations; and others had fearlessly roamed to the shores of Massachusetts Bay, and even invaded the soil of Maine. Some years before Philip's war, the Mohawks committed ravages near Northampton, on Connecticut River; and the General 1667 Court of Massachusetts addressed them a letter:— We never yet did any wrong to you, or any of yours,—such was the language of the Puritan diplomatists—neither will we take any from you, but will right our people accordi
ecome competitors for possessions in America. In the same year in which 1607. Smith embarked for Virginia, vast designs were ripening among the Dutch; and Grotius,f the great River which bears his name; and about the season of the return of John Smith from Virginia to England, he steered for Europe, leaving to its solitude the English navigators had visited. The Unrest sailed beyond Cape Cod, and while John Smith was making maps of the bays and coasts of Maine and Massachusetts, Adriaen Bl October, 1614, names the extensive region New Netherland. Its northern part John Smith had that same year called New England. To prosecute their commerce with ths made; Campanius says about 1631, and Duponceau, p. 68, repeats the error. So Smith, in his New Jersey, 22, Proud, i. 115, and Holmes. Ruhs, and many others, maketely reclaimed, as belonging by conquest to the duke of York; Documents, in Smith's New Jersey, c. III. IV. and Delaware still escaped the Chap. XV.} 1664. immi
itten with almost as much method as our present constitutions, and recognize the principle of democratic equality as unconditionally and universally as the Quaker society itself. No man, nor number of men, hath power over con- Chap XVI.} 1677 Smith, 528-539 science. No person shall at any time, in any ways, or on any pretence, be called in question, or in the least punished or hurt for opinion in religion.—The general assembly shall be chosen, not by the confused way of 81. cries and voicd path for you and us to walk in. If an Englishman falls asleep in this path, the Indian shall pass him by, and say, He is an Englishman; he is asleep; let him alone. The path shall be plain; there shall not be in it a stump to hurt the feet. Smith's New Jersey, 100. Every thing augured success to the colony, but that, at Newcastle, the agent of the duke of York, who still possessed Delaware, exacted customs of the ships ascending to New Jersey. It may have been honestly believed, that
established for the encouragement of adventurers. In November, Model of the Government of N. J. 146 1682, possession was taken by Thomas Rudyard, G. P. on the Early History of East Jersey, in Newark Daily Advertiser, March and April, 1839. Smith's Hist. of N. J., 166, 167. as temporary deputy-governor; the happy country was already tenanted by a sober, professing people. Meantime the twelve proprietors selected each a partner; and, in March, 1683, to the twenty-four, among whom was Leeir annals; these and their war-songs preserved the memory of their heroes. They proudly deemed themselves supreme among mankind; men excelling all others; and hereditary arrogance inspired their young men with dauntless courage. When Hudson, John Smith, and Champlain, were in America together, the Mohawks had extended their strolls from the St. Lawrence to Virginia; half Long Island paid them tribute; and a Mohawk sachem was reverenced on Massachusetts Bay. The geographical position of their
ys done, were neither skeptics nor sensualists, but Christians. The school that bows to the senses as the sole interpreter of truth, had little share in colonizing our America. The colonists from Maine to Carolina, the adventurous companions of Smith, the Puritan felons that freighted the fleet of Winthrop, the Quaker outlaws that fled from jails with a Newgate prisoner as their sovereign,—all had faith in God and in the soul. The system which had been revealed in Judea,—the system which comeful consideration of the laws and other evidence, has left me no option but to form a different opinion. I know of no act of cruel persecution that originated among men who were settlers in Virginia. When left to themselves, from the days of John Smith, I think the Virginians were always tolerant. I have already quoted the important testimony of Whitaker, a man sincere and charitable like Eliot and Brainard. and of Shakspeare, rather than of Whitgift and Laud. Of Chap XVIII.} themselves t