esupposes for its successful adoption a higher general state of civilization than the former.
Neither method was adopted by the Greeks in their day of greatness.
The Spartan method of extending its power was conquest without incorporation: when Sparta conquered another Greek city, she sent a harmost to govern it like a tyrant; in other words she virtually enslaved the subject city.
The efforts of Athens tended more in the direction of a peaceful federalism.
In the great Delian confederacy whiterranean world in pre-Christian times, the more barbarous method of conquest with incorporation was more likely to be successful on a great scale.
This was well illustrated in the history of Rome—a civic community of the same generic type with Sparta and Athens, but presenting specific differences of the highest importance.
The beginnings of Rome, unfortunately, are prehistoric.
I have often thought that if some beneficent fairy could grant us the power of somewhere raising the veil of obli