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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, James, (search)
Buchanan, James, Fifteenth President of the United States, from 1857 to 1861 ; Democrat; born near Mercersburg, Pa., April 23, 1791; was graduated at Dickinson College, Pa., at the age of eighteen years, and in 1814, when he was only twenty-three years old, he was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania legislature. He had studied law, and was admitted to the bar at Lancaster in 1812. His father was a native of Ireland, and his mother was Elizabeth Spear, daughter of a farmer. Mr. Buchanan's career as a lawyer was so successful that, at the age of forty years, he retired from the profession with a handsome fortune. He was a Federalist in politics at first, and as such entered Congress as a member in 1821, where he held a seat ten successive years. When the Federal party disappeared he took sides with the Democrats. He supported Jackson for the Presidency in 1828, when the present Democratic party was organized. In 1832-34, Mr. Buchanan was United States minister at St. Peter
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
by a unanimous vote.—16. Ohio Superior Court decides the soldiers' voting law constitutional. Surprise and defeat of Confederates at Half Mountain, Ky., by Colonel Gallup.—17. Women's bread-riot in Savannah, Ga.—21. Nationals destroy the State salt-works near Wilmington, N. C., worth $100,000.—25. The offer of 85,000 100-days' men by the governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa accepted by the President.—May 2. Ohio National Guard, 38,000 strong, report for duty.—4. Colonel Spear, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry, departed on a raid from Portsmouth, Va., captured a Confederate camp on the Weldon road, and destroyed $500,000 worth of property at Jarratt's Station.—7. To this date, one lieutenant-general, five major-generals, twenty-five brigadiers, 186 colonels, 146 lieutenant-colonels, 214 majors, 2,497 captains, 5,811 lieutenants, 10,563 non-commissioned officers, 121,156 privates of the Confederate army, and 5,800 Confederate citizens had been made prisoners