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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.1 (search)
ling, looking for the worst. Everybody who has any knowledge of the conditions in the Northern military prisons during the Civil War knows that the Southern soldiers imprisoned in the North were treated with extreme cruelty and were made to suffer the most unnecessary privations, and the Federal authorities strenuously opposed any exchange of prisoners of war. General Grant, commanding the United States Armies, wrote the following on the subject: City Point, Va., Aug. 21, 1864. Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War: Please inform General Foster that under no circumstances will he be authorized to make an exchange of prisoners of war. Exchanges simply reinforce the enemy at once, whilst we do not get the benefit for two or three months and lose the majority entirely. I telegraph this just from hearing that some five hundred or six hundred prisoners had been sent to General Foster. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant General. The following from the official statistics of prisoners
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.2 (search)
th General Lee. Grant said: If we commence a system of exchange which liberates all prisoners taken we shall have to fight on until the whole South is exterminated. If we hold those caught, they amount to no more than dead men. In regard to Stanton's report, Mr. Davis had in mind those statistics which he later gave in his book, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. Federal prisoners held by the Confederates 270,000, of whom 22,576 died; Confederate prisoners held by the Federageneral proposition, we showed humanity, and though we could not provide for the prisoners as well as we would have wished to do, we did the best we could. They, not embarrassed as we were, treated prisoners with brutality, and as shown by Secretary Stanton's report, the percentage of deaths in Northern prisons was greater than in ours. Please give my special regard to Mrs. Chilton. I am sorry to learn that you have been visited by that tormentor, neuralgia, and hope before this reaches yo
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The monument to Captain Henry Wirz. (search)
who attempted to whip the women of New Orleans with his army. To quote from General Butler's speech at Lowell, Mass.: Every one is aware that, when the exchange did take place, not the slightest alteration had occurred in the question, and that our prisoners might as well have been released twelve or eighteen months before as at the resumption of the cartel, which would have saved the republic at least twelve or fifteen thousand heroic lives. That they were not saved is due alone to Mr. Edwin M. Stanton's peculiar policy and dogged obstinacy; and, as I have remarked before, he is unquestionably the digger of the unnamed graves that crowd the vicinity of every Southern prison with historic and never-to-be-forgotten horrors. Who is to blame, Corporal Tanner? My dear friend, the thing that irritates the Southern people is that you Northern people never fail, when you have an opportunity to libel the Confederate government for its ill-treatment of prisoners. We know it is absolut
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Efforts for Reconstruction in April, 1865. (search)
ary. He wishes the paper withdrawn and I shall recall my publications assembling them. On the following day, 14 April, 1865, Mr. Lincoln was assassinated. You and myself, through Gen. Old, sent a telegram for leave to go to Washington. Stanton's deposition is interesting in this connection. Yours truly, J. A. Campbell. Please return these papers or file them with the Historical Society. Fort Pulaski, Georgia, August 31st, 1865. Hon. J. J. Speed, Atto. General. I have a l. But, I have a right to be exempt from all unjust censure and from all misrepresentation of my connection with these events and from all injurious accusations. While Mrs. Campbell was in Washington son e two months ago, she was informed by Mr. Stanton that the cause of my arrest was an endorsement on a letter of a man named Alston, which had been written to Mr. Davis, as President, and referred to the War Department. In the regular course of the routine of the affair, I had referred it to