Governments were actuated in its occupation by a desire to protect the citizens who adhered respectively to their cause.
The country abounded in vast forests, coal, and iron, presenting fields of wealth and enterprise.
The advantage, however, in a campaign there was in favor of the Federals.
The proximity of their railroads on the one side made it easier for them to concentrate troops rapidly and furnish them with supplies, while on the other hand the Southern lines of communication from Staunton and other portions of eastern Virginia were necessarily long and difficult.
At the termination of this campaign of General Lee's the Confederate Government did not bestow much attention upon this section.
The majority of the people seemed inclined to support the Federal side; indeed, most of the counties sent representatives to a convention which passed an ordinance creating them into a new State, which the Government at Washington recognized as the State of Virginia.
It must be ad