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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 0 Browse Search
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in 1804. Trevethick and Vivian patented the application of high-pressure steam to engines. Trevethick is described in the Catalogue of the South Kensington Museum, London, as the inventor and constructor of the first high-pressure steam-engine, and of the first steam-carriage used in England. Blackett improved on Trevethick, and used smooth wheels on a plate-way. The multitubular boiler is stated to have been used by Rumsey, and subsequently, in 1790, in England. It was used by John Cox Stevens of New Jersey, 1791 – 1807; English patent, May 31, 1805. He used a Watt engine, cylinder 4 1/2 inches diameter, 9 inches stroke. Boiler 2 feet long, 15 inches wide, and 12 inches high, with 81 copper tubes 1 inch in diameter. Boat, 25 feet long, 5 feet beam; tried in May, 1804; velocity, 4 to 8 miles per hour. Not desiring to anticipate what should be said under locomotive and steamboat, suffice it to say that William Hadley's locomotive Puffing Billy was built in 1813, and had
log-book of the Savannah was sent to the Navy Department in 1848. Captain Stevens Rogers died in New London in 1868. The Savannah was built by Crocker and Ficket in New York, and her engines made at Elizabethtown, N. J. In 1824, the Enterprize, under Captain Johnson, made a voyage to India, doubling the Cape of Good Hope. The Curacoa, in 1829, made several voyages between Holland and the West Indies. The screw-propeller, after being several times suggested, and well proved by John C. Stevens, of Hoboken, was more distinctly noticed when brought forward by Ericsson in 1836. Ericsson's propeller, the Francis B. Ogden, was tried on the Thames in 1837. The same year the propeller of Francis P. Smith was also tried. The latter put the screw in the deadwood. Ericsson's second vessel the Robert F Stockton, was launched on the Mersey in 1838; she crossed to the United States in 1839, and was purchased by the Delaware and Raritan Canal Co. Captain Ericsson subsequently built the