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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steam navigation. (search)
ersey City) on Friday, the 4th of September, at nine o'clock in the morning, and arrive at Albany on Saturday at nine o'clock in the afternoon. Provisions, good berths, and accommodations are provided. Before the breaking out of the War of 1812-15 Fulton and Livingston had caused six steamboats to be built for navigating the Hudson and for ferrying at New York. Steam navigation was soon in operation on the rivers and lakes of the United States and quite early on the sea. In 1808 Robert L. Stevens, son of John C., went in the Phoenix, then lately launched at Hoboken, around to the Delaware River; and in July, 1819, the steamship Savannah crossed the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Liverpool in twenty-six days. Six years later the steamship Enterprise went from Falmouth, England, to the East Indies, the first voyage of the kind ever made. For this achievement her commander (Captain Johnson) received $50,000. These were extraordinary voyages at that time. The beginning of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stevens, Edwin Augustus 1795-1868 (search)
Stevens, Edwin Augustus 1795-1868 Philanthropist; born in Hoboken, N. J., July 28, 1795; had large interests with his brother, Robert Livingston Stevens, in navigation and railroads. In 1842 he invented an air-tight fire-room, which later was adopted in all great navies of the world. He was the founder of Stevens's Institute of Technology, in Hoboken, to which he bequeathed $150,000 for the building, and an endowment of $500,000. He died in Paris, France, Aug. 8, 1868.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stevens, Robert Livingston 1787-1856 (search)
Stevens, Robert Livingston 1787-1856 Engineer; born in Hoboken, N. J., Oct. 18, 1787; son of John Stevens, the inventor. At the age of twenty years he built a steamboat with concave water-lines, the first application of the wave-line to ship-building. He discovered the utility of employing anthracite coal in steam navigation in 1818, when coal was about to become an article of commerce. In 1822 he first substituted the skeleton wroughtiron for the heavy cast-iron Stevens's iron-clad floating battery. walkingbeam, and in 1824 first applied artificial blast to the boiler furnace. In 1827 he introduced the hog-frame for steamboats to prevent their bending in the centre. Mr. Stevens began the first steam ferriage between New York and the New Jersey shores in 1816, and was the inventor of the T rail for railroads. He was a projector of the Camden and Amboy Railroad, and its president for many years. About 1815 he invented an improved bomb for the naval service. In 1842 he wa