red a forward movement of the army towards Centreville the next day, and immediately dispatched two regiments of cavalry under Colonel Averill to Manassas.
A few days afterwards, a large body of cavalry, with some infantry, under command of General Stoneman, was sent along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad to determine the position of the enemy, and, if possible, force his rear across the Rappahannock; but the roads were in such condition that, finding it impossible to subsist his men, StonemaStoneman was forced to return after reaching Cedar Run.
It was found that the enemy had destroyed all the bridges.
This expedition was followed by a strong reconnoissance of Howard's division of Sumner's corps to the Rappahannock, and, under cover of this mask, the main body of the Union army was moved back to the vicinity of Alexandria.
Johnston, who had retired behind the Rappahannock, finding on survey that the Rapidan afforded a better line, moved his army thither, and positioned it on that rive
hnston's withdrawal from Yorktown, all the available cavalry, together with four batteries of horse-artillery, under General Stoneman, was ordered in pursuit.
The divisions of Hooker and Smith were at the same time sent forward in support, and aftert was expected to force the Confederates to abandon whatever works they might have on the Peninsula below that point.
Stoneman met little opposition till he reached the enemy's prepared position in front of Williamsburg, twelve miles from Yorktownision.
C. Smith's division.
D. E. Works occupied by Hancock's brigade. mained to cover the trains.
When, however, Stoneman, on the afternoon of the 4th, drew up in front of the redoubts, Johnston, seeing pursuit to be serious, brought back troand thus, by a kind of accident, there ensued on the morrow the bloody encounter known as the battle of Williamsburg.
Stoneman, on his arrival in front of Williamsburg, had a passage at arms with the Confederate cavalry; but, finding the position
Army of the Potomac into three Grand Divisions of two corps each
The Right Grand Division was composed of the Second Corps under General Couch and the Ninth Corps under General Wilcox.
The Centre Grand Division, of the Third Corps under General Stoneman and the Fifth Corps under General Butterfield.
The Left Grand Division, of the First Corps under General Reynolds and the Sixth Corps under General W. F. Smith.—the Right Grand Division being placed under General Sumner, the Centre Grand Dh on as far as the latter, he helped stem the hostile return, and assisted in the withdrawal of Meade's shattered line.
Meade: Report of Fredericksburg. In addition to these two divisions, General Franklin ordered forward Birney's division of Stoneman's corps; and Birney arrived in such time that, when the troops of Meade and Gibbon were broken and flying in confusion, he presented a firm line that checked the Confederate pursuit.
As I advanced with my command to the crest of the hill, I fou
of Chancellorsville, p. 15. killed, wounded, and missing.
The army left behind its killed, its wounded, fourteen pieces of artillery, and twenty thousand stand of arms.
It remains now to glance a moment at the operations of the column under Stoneman.
As this was a powerful corps, numbering some ten thousand sabres, and as its movement was intended to precede by a fortnight the commencement of operations by the army, very important results were expected from it. But the cavalry was delayed Battle of Chancellorsville, p. 15; Report of General Stuart, p. 38; Report of General W. H. F. Lee, p. 49. That officer fell back before the Union cavalry, which advanced on Louisa Courthouse, and proceeded to destroy the Virginia Central road.
Stoneman divided Buford's force into six bodies, throwing them out in all directions; but the important line of communications by the Fredericksburg and Richmond Railroad was not struck till the 3d of May, and the damage done it was very slight.
If Hooker's force of infantry was at this time reduced, as he de dares, to an effective of eighty thousand men,
Letter from General Hooker to President Lincoln, May 13, 1863: My marching force of infantry is cut down to about eighty thousand men.
The cavalry corps which, on Hooker's entrance into command, had been rendered stronger and more effective than ever before, was much reduced by the severe service to which it had been put. General Pleasonton, who succeeded General Stoneman in the command of the cavalry, gives its effective, at the end of May, at four thousand six hundred and seventy-seven horses—one-third its strength by the March report.—Report of General Pleasonton, May 27th. there was now less disproportion between the two armies than generally obtained, for at the end of May, Lee's force had reached an aggregate of sixty-eight thousand infantry and a considerable body of cavalry.
This is the number present for duty the 31st of May: it was precisely
fighting to dislodge Hancock, 454: diary of attempts to pierce Lee's line May 13th to 19th, 455; losses from May 5th to 21st, 458; the army moved by the left towards Richmond, 458; to the Chickahominy, 470; and the North Anna-character of the region between, 472.
Spottswood mines, origin of the name Spottsylvania, 428.
Stafford Heights—see Fredericksburg.
Steadman, Fort—see Fort Steadman.
Stone, General, defeated at Ball's Bluff, 76; exonerated from blame at Ball's Bluff, 77.
Stoneman's raid on Virginia Central Railroad, 302.
Straggling in the Confederate army in Maryland campaign, 224.
Stuart's capture of Catlett's Station, 176; raid into Pennsylvania, 226; succession to Jackson's command, 292; report of Jackson at battle of Chancellorsville, 293; his absence during movements on Gettysburg, 338; bivouacks within Union lines at Auburn, 381; killed at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, 459.
Sumner, General, in command of pursuit of Johnston<