. . . . Let us study the probable lines of retreat of our opponents and leave our own to take care of themselves. . . . Success and glory are in the advance.
Disaster and shame lurk in the rear. . . .
The arrogance of this address was not calculated to impress favorably officers of greater experience in actual warfare, who were now overslaughed by his promotion.
McDowell would have been the fittest selection, but he and Banks, both seniors to Pope, submitted without a word; as did also Sumner, Franklin, Porter, Heintzelman, and all the major-generals of McClellan's army.
But Fremont protested, asked to be relieved, and practically retired from active service.
Meanwhile, after the discomfiture of McClellan, Mr. Lincoln felt the want of a military advisor, and, on July 11, appointed Gen. Halleck commander-in-chief of all the armies of the United States, and summoned him to Washington City.
Ropes's Story of the civil War thus comments upon this appointment: —
It is easy to
D. H.Ripley, Garland, Rodes, Anderson, G. B. Colquitt4
Total 2d Corps4 Divisions19 Brigades, 24 Batteries, 100 Guns24
ArtilleryPendletonPendleton's Reserve, 58 Guns12
CavalryStuartHampton, Lee F., Robertson, 14 Guns3
Aggregate2 Corps, 10 Divisions43 Brigades, 284 guns, 55,000 Men67
1st CorpsKingPhelps, Doubleday, Patrick, Gibbon4
HookerRickettsDuryea, Christian, Hartsuff2
MeadeSeymour, Magilton, Gallagher4
2d CorpsRichardsonCaldwell, Meagher, Brooke2
SumnerSedgwickGorman, Howard, Dana2
FrenchKimball, Morris, Weber3
5th CorpsMorellBarnes, Griffin, Stockton3
PorterSykesBuchanan, Lovell, Warren3
HumphreysHumphreys, Tyler, Allabach2
6th CorpsSlocumTorbert, Bartlett, Newton4
FranklinSmith, W. F.Hancock, Brooks, Irwin3
CouchDevens, Howe, Cochrane4
9th CorpsWillcox, O. B.Christ, Welsh2
12 CorpsWilliamsCrawford, Gordon3
MansfieldGreeneTyndale, Stainrook, Goodrich4