Edward Brooks was a contributor to the North American Review.
A unique pamphlet was written in 1847 by Abijah Baker—The Ark, Ships and Shipbuilding, with a Brie History of the Art, and a register of vessels built in Medford.
James Gilchrist Swan wrote Life in the Northwest, in 1857, and later the Amoor River.
He was the author of many monographs on ethnology and made himself an authority, through observation, on the customs and languages of the Northwestern Indians.
Much of his work was given to the Smithsonian Institution, and he filled many important public positions.
Judge Swan presented the collection of Indian relics and curios to the Medford Public Library in 1880.
In 1856, a Medford lad of seventeen, Nathaniel Holmes Bishop, with forty dollars in his pocket, shipped before the mast and sailed to Buenos Ayres.
From there he tramped, with a caravan of natives and aliens, over the Pampas, the Cordilleras, crossed the Andes through the snow, dangerously alone,