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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Berkeley, George, 1684-1753 (search)
713 his two famous works appeared, in which he denies the existence of matter, and argues that it is not without the mind, but within it, and that that which is called matter is only an impression produced by divine power on the mind by the invariable laws of nature. On a tour in France he visited the French philosopher Malebranche, who became so excited by a discussion with Berkeley on the non-existence of matter that, being ill at the time, he died a few days afterwards. Miss Vanhomrigh (Swift's Vanessa ) bequeathed to Berkeley $20,000: and in 1728 his income was increased $5,500 a year by being made Dean of Derry. Berkeley conceived a plan for establishing a college in the Bermudas for the instruction of pastors for the colonial churches and missionaries for the Indians. He resigned his offices to become rector of the projected college at a salary of $500 a year. The House of Commons authorized the appropriation of a portion of the money to be obtained from the sale of lands i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chrysler's field, battle of (search)
ir antagonists were driven back out of the woods on the main line in the open fields of John Chrysler, a British militia captain then in the service. That line was covered by Mulcaster's gunboats, and protected in part by deep ravines. Then General Covington led his brigade against the British left, near the river, Chrysler's in 1855. and the battle became general. By charge after charge the British were forced back nearly a mile, and the American cannon, under the direction of Col. J. G. Swift, did excellent execution. At length Covington fell, seriously wounded, and the ammunition of the Americans began to fail. It was soon exhausted. and Swartwout's brigade, hard pushed, slowly fell back, followed by others. The British perceived this retrograde movement, followed up the advantage gained with great vigor, and were endeavoring by a flank movement to capture Boyd's cannon, when a gallant charge of cavalry, led by Adjutant-General Walbach, whom Armstrong had permitted to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Swift, Joseph Gardner 1783-1865 (search)
Swift, Joseph Gardner 1783-1865 Military engineer; born in Nantucket, Mass., Dec. 31, 1783; was the first graduate of the Military Academy at West Point as lieutenant of engineers, Oct. 12, 1802; rose from grade to grade until he was commissioned colonel and principal engineer of the army, July 31, 1812. He planned the chief defence of New York Harbor in 1812, and Joseph Gardner swift. was chief engineer on the Northern frontier in 1813. In February, 1814, he was brevetted brigadier-general for meritorious services, and in 1816 was made superintendent of the Military Academy. He left the army in 1818, and was appointed surveyor of the port of New York the same year. General Swift entered the service of the United States as civil engineer, and from 1829 to 1845 superintended harbor improvements on the lakes. Meanwhile (1830-31) he constructed the railroad from New Orleans to Lake Pontchartrain over an unfathomable swamp, and in 1839 was chief engineer in the construction
ity at Normal opened......1857 Many prisoners from the old penitentiary at Alton removed to the new penitentiary at Joliet......May 22, 1858 Debate between Lincoln and Douglas throughout the State on slavery Summer and autumn, 1858 Governor Bissell dies; Lieut.-Gov. John Wood succeeds......March 18, 1860 Abraham Lincoln nominated for President by the Republican National Convention at Chicago......May 16, 1860 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President......March 4, 1861 General Swift, with six companies and four cannon, leaves Chicago to occupy Cairo, under telegraphic order from the Secretary of War to Governor Yates, of April 19......April 21, 1861 Twenty-one thousand stands of arms seized at the St. Louis arsenal by forces under Captain Stokes, and removed to Alton by boat, thence to Springfield by rail......April 26, 1861 U. S. Grant tenders his services to Governor Yates, and is assigned to command of camps Yates, Grant, and Douglas......April, 1861 Ste
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
es were reunited 4 miles below Ogdensburg. There Wilkinson was informed that the Canada shores of the St. Lawrence were lined with posts of musketry and artillery to dispute the passage of the flotilla. To meet this emergency, Col. Alexander McComb was detached with 1,200 of the best troops of the army, and on the 7th landed on the Canada shore. He was followed by Lieutenant-Colonel Forsyth with his riflemen. On the 8th a council of war was held, and, after receiving a report from Col. J. G. Swift, the chief engineer, concerning the strength of the army, the question Shall the army proceed with all possible rapidity to the attack of Montreal? was considered, and was answered in the affirmative. General Brown at once crossed the river with his brigade. Meanwhile a large reinforcement had come down from Kingston to Prescott, and were marching rapidly forward to meet the American invaders. A severe engagement ensued at Chrysler's Field, a few miles below Williamsburg (Nov. 11, 1