selected from the ranks of the Democratic party, and most of them for other considerations than those of eminent legal ability or acquirements.
John McLean, of Ohio, was placed on the bench, in 1829, by Gen. Jackson, in order to make room for a Postmaster-General who would remove from office the postmasters who had supported Mr. Adams and appoint Jacksonians to their places; which McLean — having been continued in office by Mr. Adams, though himself for Jackson — could not decently do. Roger B. Taney, of Maryland, was likewise appointed by Jackson in 1836, as a reward for his services in accepting the post of Secretary of the Treasury and removing the Federal deposits from the United States Bank, upon the dismissal of William J. Duane, of Pennsylvania, for refusing to make such removal.
Mr. Taney, born in 1777, was an ultra Federalist previously to his becoming a Jacksonian, but always a devotee of prerogative and power.
Of his associates, beside Judge McLean, only Samuel Nelson, o
citation from, 73.
Declaration of Independence, the, extract from the original; reasons for a certain omission, 34; its adoption, 35; its precepts defied by Judge Taney, 254.
Delaware, slave population in 1790, 30; 37; Legislature favors the Missouri Restriction, 78; withdrawal of from the Douglas Convention, 318; refuses tod foes, 617.
Schofield, Major, Adjutant to Gen. Lyon, 579.
Scott, Mr. delegate from Missouri, 74; 75; 89.
Scott, Dred, account of his case, 251 to 253; Judge Taney's decision, 253 to 257; Judge Wayne's opinion, 257; Judge Nelson's, Judge Grier's, 257; Judge Daniel's, 257-8; Judge Campbell's, Judge Catron's, 258; Col. Bentomands the Rebels at Norfolk, 473; said to have been drunk, 476.
Tallmadge, Gen. Js., of N. Y., his proviso, 74.
Tammany Hall, pro-Slavery meeting at, 126.
Taney, Roger Brooke, defends Rev. Jacob Gruber, 109; appointment as Chief Justice, 252; on Dred Scott, 253 to 257; the decision identical with Calhoun's theories, 259 ;