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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The defense of Fort Henry. (search)
The defense of Fort Henry. Captain Jesse Taylor, C. S. A. About the 1st of September, 1861, while I was in command of a Confederate camp of artillery instruction, near Nashville, Tenn., I received a visit The attack upon Fort Henry. After a drawing by rear-admiral Walke. from Lieutenant-Colonel Milton A. Haynes of the 1st Regiment Tennessee Artillery, who informed me of the escape of a number of our steamers from the Ohio River-into the Tennessee, and of their having sought refuge under the guns of Fort Henry; that a cutting-out expedition from Paducah was anticipated, and that as there was no experienced artillerist at the fort the governor (Isham G. Harris) was anxious that the deficiency should immediately be supplied; that he had no one at his disposal unless I would give up my light battery (subsequently Porter's and later still Morton's), and take command at Fort Henry. Anxious to be of service, and convinced that the first effort of the Federals would be to penetrate o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 7: military operations in Missouri, New Mexico, and Eastern Kentucky--capture of Fort Henry. (search)
a battalion of cavalry; an independent company of horse, under Captain Milner; Captain Padgett's Spy Company, and a detachment of Rangers, commanded by Captain Melton. The heavy artillery manned the guns of the fort, and were in charge of Captain Jesse Taylor.--Report of General Tilghman to Colonel Mackall, Johnston's Assistant Adjutant-General, Feb. 12, 1862. were commanded by Brigadier-General Loyd Tilghman, a Marylander, and graduate of West Point Academy, and it was supplied with barracks a were sent to hoist the Union flag over the fort, and to invite General Tilghman on board the commodore's flag-ship. When, an hour later, Grant arrived, the fort and all the spoils of victory were turned over to him. General Tilghman, and Captain Jesse Taylor of Tennessee, who was the commander of the fort, with ten other commissioned officers, with subordinates and privates in the fort, were made prisoners. It was said that the General and some of his officers attempted to escape, but were co
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 8: the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. (search)
-general on the day of the capture of Fort Henry. His commission was dated September 3d, 1861. With McClernand's division were the field batteries of Schwartz, Taylor, Dresser, and McAllister; and with Smith's were the heavy batteries of Richardson, Stone, and Walker, the whole under the command of Major Cavender, chief of artiupporting field batteries, and soon began to show strength in front of Oglesby's brigade. Schwartz's battery was first advanced to meet this new danger, and then Taylor was directed to throw forward two sections of his battery to that position. The fight for a little while was severe and stubborn, when the Nationals were repulseh courage and faith by his own acts, that they stood like a wall opposed to the foe, and prevented a panic and a rout. In the mean time the light batteries under Taylor, McAllister, and Dresser, shifting positions and continually sending heavy volleys of grape and canister shot, made the line of the assailants recoil again and ag
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 19: events in Kentucky and Northern Mississippi. (search)
es. Near by were the graves of the slain men of the Ohio battery, at the head of many of which were rude boards, each bearing the name of the sleeper beneath. Many of the boards had fallen down or been removed. Those standing, and seen in the picture, contained the following names:--Lieutenant R. Bauer, Sergeant M. V. B. Hall, Corporal S. C. Gilmore, Privates W. H. Bolser, C. Schefteni, C. P. Olsen, W. Crawford, J. Ettle, J. W. Brewer, J. H. Ingersoll, J. T. Malson, J. Dean, J. Casey, J. Taylor. The kind-hearted major showed much feeling, as he leaned on one of them and mused, While the writer was making the annexed sketch. Poor fellows! he said, they fought bravely. The war is over, and we are now friends. If you meet with any of their relatives, tell them to write to Major George, and he will do every thing in his power to restore to them the remains of their friends. After visiting every part of the battle-field, and making the sketches herewith given, we returned to Iuka
pursued the enemy beyond town, killing several more of them and taking a good many prisoners, together with all their horses, wagons, baggage, camp equipage, mail matter, two pieces of cannon, and several hundred stand of arms. I have not been able to obtain a correct list of captured articles, as the invoice has not yet been made out. It is enough to say that it is a complete victory. The enemy lost eight or ten killed, and about twelve or fifteen wounded. Our loss is as follows: Jesse Taylor, of Capt. Morris' Company, Seventh Virginia regiment, killed; Hiram Meily, Company K, Fourth Ohio regiment, wounded in both knees, slightly; James Sines, Company F, Fourth regiment, wounded in head and leg, slightly; W. Fox, Company F, Seventh Virginia regiment, slightly; W. Ferguson, Company F, Fourth O. V., had his thumb blown off, and Isaac Merrideth, of same company, had his right hand blown off, both by a premature discharge of the cannon they were working. The column moving from
cer Foote, giving us all their guns, camp and garrison equipage, etc. The prisoners taken are Gen. Tilghman and staff, Capt. Taylor and company, and the sick. The garrison, I think, must have commenced their retreat last night, or at an early hour tas I have been able to learn it, is as follows: Brig.-Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, of Kentucky, commanding the district; Capt. Jesse Taylor, of Tennessee, Chief of artillery and Commander of the Fort; Lieut. W. O. Wotts, artillery; Lieut. G. R. G. Jones, d States Army. He is regarded as an excellent officer, and his capture will prove a severe loss to the Confederates. Capt. Taylor, I am informed, is also a West-Point graduate. The manner of their capture, as related by themselves, is somewhat cur, whose superior and overwhelming force alone gave them the advantage. The surrender of Fort Henry involves that of Capt. Taylor, Lieut. Watts, Lieut. Weller, and one other officer of artillery; Capts. Hayden and Miller, of the engineers; Captains
spositions to receive Grant's attack, skirmishers were hotly engaged immediately afterward and were soon forced back on the main line. General Grant's first battle was on; it was fierce and well fought, and according to General Pillow's official report, continued for four hours. In General Grant's order of the following day, thanking his troops for their good conduct at Belmont, he stated that it had been his fortune to be present in all the battles fought in Mexico by Generals Scott and Taylor, save Buena Vista, and he never saw one more hotly contested. The Federal line slowly but steadily advanced until the Confederate forces were driven to the river bank; Beltzhoover's battery was captured and the guns turned upon the Confederate transports; Tappan's camp was captured and his tents and stores destroyed. Of this movement General Pillow, in his report of the battle, states: When the enemy's lines reached the bank of the river he was met by the fire of Smith's battery, of Cheath
er in rank, to retire to Fort Donelson with the entire command, leaving with himself only Capt. Jesse Taylor's artillery company of Tennesseeans, who manned the heavy guns. Captain Taylor's company Captain Taylor's company had fifty men present for duty, with Lieutenants West and Miller. The captain, a native of Lexington, Tenn., was an officer of skill and courage, and the result of the battle with the Federal fleet sneral Tilghman himself served one of the guns, and his gallant bearing was an inspiration to Captain Taylor's company. In his official report he makes honorable mention of the officers and men of the company, and states that Lieutenant Watts is the coolest officer under fire I ever saw. Taylor's casualties amounted to 16 killed and wounded. The location of Fort Henry was unfortunate, and at tt long enough to enable Colonel Heiman to escape with the forces, and sacrificed himself and Captain Taylor's company of Tennesseeans. General Grant invested Fort Donelson on the 12th of February,
r, both natives of east Tennessee, were important factors in making Confederate success impossible. Tennesseeans in the United States navy who resigned to accept service in the Confederate States navy were: George W. Gift, J. W. Dunnington, Jesse Taylor, W. P. A. Campbell, Thomas Kennedy Porter, A. D. Wharton, George A. Howard and W. W. Carnes. Lieutenant Gift is famous for having commanded, with Lieutenant Grimball, the 8-inch columbiads on the Confederate ram Arkansas. The Arkansas was er Virginius, with an alleged filibustering expedition. Dunnington, one of the noblest of men, survived the war for more than ten years. Wharton has dedicated his life to public education, and is one of the foremost in that field. Lieut. Jesse Taylor became captain of heavy artillery; his splendid service at Fort Henry has been already chronicled. Lieut. W. P. A. Campbell was constantly employed on the coast and harbor defenses, and was an efficient and gallant officer. About the y
tion of his fleet, and finally, when the time for action came, left a sick bed, and, with hill life in his hands, struck this blow for the old flag. The prisoners taken in the fort are; Brigadier. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, of Kentucky, a graduate of West Point; Maj. W. L. McCommice, of Tennessee, assistant Adjutant General; Captain H. L. Jones, of Kentucky, Brigadier Quartermaster; Capt. J. H. Hayden, of Tennessee, Chief of Engineers; Capt. John McLoughlin, of Tennessee, Quartermaster; Capt. Jesse Taylor, of Tennessee, commanding garrison; Capt. G. R. G. Jones, of Tennessee; Lieut. W. Ormsby Watts; Lieut. Frederick J. Wellen, and sixty privates. The guns taken in the fort are one 128 pounder, into the muzzle of which an eight-inch shell was fired by one of the gunboats; one 24-pounder rifle, which exploded; two 42-pounders, smooth; ten 32 pounder, do; one 24 pounder, do; two 12-pounders do., with three 6-pounders, do., and five 6-pounders, rified, found outside the entrenchments —
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