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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Abbott, Lyman, 1835- (search)
tory has extended until it nearly equals in dimensions that of the old Roman Empire in its palmiest days. Our population has not only increased in numbers, but become heterogeneous in character. We are no longer an Anglo-Saxon colony, emerging into statehood. We are Scandinavian, German, Hungarian, Pole, Austrian, Italian, French, and Spanish; all the nations of the earth are represented, not only in our population, but in our suffrages. Whatever interests Norway and Sweden, Holland and Belgium, Germany, Italy, France, or England, interests our people, because from these countries respectively multitudes of our people have come. Meanwhile, our growth, and still more the test to which we have been subjected by foreign war and by civil war, have done much to demonstrate the stability of institutions which, a hundred years ago, were purely experimental and largely theoretical. Other lands have caught inspiration from our life; the whole progress of Europe has been progress towards
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arbitration, international Court of, (search)
f the Imperial Royal Court of Administrative Justice, former Austrian Minister of Justice, member of the House of Lords of the Austrian Parliament, etc. His Excellency Mr. D. de Szilagyi, ex-Minister of Justice, member of the House of Deputies of the Hungarian Parliament. Count Albert Apponyi, member of the Chamber of Magnates and of the Chamber of Deputies of the Hungarian Parliament, etc. Mr. Henri Lammasch, Ll.D., member of the House of Lords of the Austrian Parliament, etc. Belgium. His Excellency Mr. Beernaert, Minister of State, member of the Chamber of Representatives, etc. His Excellency Baron Lambermont, Minister of State, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Chevalier Descamps, Senator. Mr. Rolin Jacquemyns, ex-Minister of the Interior. Denmark. Prof. H. Matzen. Ll.D., Professor of the Copenhagen University, Counsellor Extraordinary of the Supreme Court, President of the La
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bimetallism, (search)
e currency system of the nations, met in Brussels in November, 1892, and separated without practical results. On March 17, 1896, a resolution was passed by the British House of Commons, urging upon the English government the necessity of securing by international agreement a solid monetary pay of exchange between gold and silver. In April, 1896, a Bimetallic Congress convened at Brussels, made up of representatives from the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, Holland, Rumania, and Russia, and organized a permanent committee, under the belief that there could be an immediate agreement if the United States would re-establish bimetallism, if the Indian mints were reopened for the coinage of silver, if the Bank of England would turn into silver a part of its metallie reserve, and if the various European countries would absorb a sufficient amount of silver. The agitation of the silver question in the United States largely influenced the Pr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Centennial Exhibition, (search)
cupied by them was about 49 acres of ground, and their annexes covered 26 acres more, making a total of 75 acres. The main building alone covered over 21 acres. The national government issued invitations to all foreign nations having diplomatic relations with the United States to participate in the exhibition by sending the products of their industries. There was a generous response, and thirty-three nations, besides the United States, were represented—namely, Argentine Republic, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chili, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, India and British colonies, Hawaiian Islands, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Liberia. Luxemburg Grand Duchy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Orange Free State, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Santo Domingo, Spain and Spanish colonies, Siam, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunis, Turkey, and Venezuela. A Woman's executive committee was formed, composed of Philadelphians, who raised money sufficient among the women of the Union fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charles ii. 1630- (search)
ry IV. of France, and sister of the then reigning King of that realm. As the fortunes of his father waned, his mother returned to France, where the son joined her; and, at the Hague, he heard of the death of his parent by the axe, when he assumed the title of King, and was proclaimed such at Edinburgh, Feb. 3, 1649. He was crowned at Scone, Scotland, Jan. 1, 1651. After an unsuccessful warfare with Cromwell for the throne, he fled to Paris; and finally he became a resident of Breda, in Belgium, whence he was called to England by a vote of Parliament, and restored to the Signature of Charles ii. throne, May 8, 1660. He was a very profligate monarch—indolent, amiable, and unscrupulous. He misgoverned England twenty-five years in an arbitrary manner, and disgraced the nation. He became a Roman Catholic, although professing to be a Protestant; and, when dying from a stroke of apoplexy, Feb. 6, 1685, he confessed to a Roman Catholic priest, and received extreme unction. The thro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wright, Henrietta Christine, (search)
gland, Ireland, Russia, Italy, Scotland, Germany, Switzerland, and other European countries have their several modifications of the boarding-out system, attributable to the varying conditions of social life, but conforming in the main to the leading features of the original plan. And although no one of these countries is yet freed entirely from the bane of institutionalism, yet year by year fosterage is becoming more popular, as its beneficent effects become more and more widely known. In Belgium, so thoroughly recognized is the value of home training for future citizens, that all boys under the care of the state are boarded out, though the girls are in many cases still retained in institutions. In some of the departments of France, the system of fosterage has arrived at the precision of a military organization. Here the child, who would otherwise be placed in a foundling or orphan asylum, is enrolled at birth as an enfant de la patrie, and, whenever possible, is placed at once in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Smet, Peter John, 1801-1872 (search)
During his journey back to St. Louis he was several times surrounded by the Blackfeet Indians, who, when they saw his crucifix and black gown, showed him the greatest respect. On Sept. 24, 1841, with a party of other missionaries he reached Bitter Root River, where the mission of St. Mary's was begun. After spending about a year in learning the Blackfeet language and in endeavoring to make St. Mary's a permanent mission, he went to Europe to solicit aid. After arousing great enthusiasm in Belgium and France he sailed from Antwerp in December, 1843, with five Jesuits and six sisters, and in August, 1844, arrived at Fort Van couver, and planted a central mission o the Willamette River. In 1845 he undertook a series of missions among the Sinpoils, Zingomenes, Okenaganes, Kootenays, and Flatbows. He made severe trips to Europe for aid. Father De Smet wrote The Oregon missions and travel over the Rocky Mountains; Western missions and missionaries; New India sketches, etc. He died in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Diplomatic service. (search)
n foreign countries on Jan. 1, 1901 Argentine republic. William P. Lord, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Buenos Ayres. Austria-Hungary. Addison C. Harris, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Vienna. Belgium. Lawrence Townsend, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Brussels. Bolivia. George H. Bridgman, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, La Paz. Brazil. Charles Page Bryan, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Ple United States on Jan. 1, 1901: Argentine republic. Dr. Eduardo Wilde, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Austria-Hungary. Mr. Ladislaus Hengelmuller von Hengervar, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Belgium. Count G. de Lichtervelde, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Bolivia. Señor Don Fernando E. Guachalla, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. Brazil. Mr. J. F. de Assis-Brasil, Envoy Extraordinary and Mi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fine Arts, the. (search)
e Arts, with George Clymer as president. Their first exhibition was held in 1806, when more than fifty casts of antique statues in the Louvre were displayed, and two paintings by Benjamin West. By purchases and gifts the collection of the academy was unsurpassed in this country in 1845, when the building and most of its contents were destroyed by fire. The as- Rifles used by the principal nations. WeightCalibre nation.GunNo. of Rounds. PoundsOunceInch. AustriaMannlicher9140.3155 BelgiumMauser890.3015 ChinaLee900.4335 DennmarkKrag-Jorgensen980.3155 EnglandLee-Metford940.3038 FranceLebel940.3158 GermanyMannlicher900.3155 ItalyParravicino-Carcano860.2565 JapanMurata900.3158 PortugalKropatschek1040.3158 RussiaMouzin8130.305 SpainMauser8130.2765 Sweden and NorwayKrag-Jorgensen980 305 SwitzerlandSchmidt980.29612 TurkeyMauser890.3015 United States armyKrag-Jorgensen980.305 United States navyLee——0.2365 sociation now has a superb building on Broad Street, which was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hart, Albert Bushnell 1854- (search)
s and aunts, many of them married; and some young people could boast of a hundred first cousins. To-day, except among foreigners, a family of six is remarkable. This means a slower rate of increase. The Mississippi Valley has more than doubled its population in every twenty-five years during the last century. At that rate it would have 560,000,000 in the year 2000, but he would be a bold man who would predict a population of 200,000,000 in that year, for it would be almost as dense as Belgium or Holland. If the present average scale of living continue, every doubling of the population will mean a doubling of available capital and wealth. But who can say whether the mechanical discoveries of the next century may not vastly increase the average wealth? and, on the other hand, who can say how far property may be concentrated in a few hands or combined in some kind of national socialism? The wealth of the Mississippi Valley in arable land already lies beneath the feet of the p
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