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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New England. (search)
ince. It includes the country from 20 miles east of the Hudson River and the eastern shores of Lake Champlain to the eastern boundary of the United States, and includes the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Vermont. Smith named the promontory at the north entrance to Massachusetts Bay Tragabigzanda, in compliment to a Turkish lady to whom he had been a slave in Constantinople. Prince Charles, however, in filial regard for his mother (Anne of Denmark), named it Cape Anne. Smith gave his name to a cluster of islands, which were afterwards named Isles of Shoals. These and other places, changed from names given by Smith, still retain their new names. The crime of Weymouth was repeated on this expedition. Captain Smith left Hunt, an avaricious and profligate man, to finish the lading of his vessel with fish, and instructed him to take the cargo to Malaga, Spain, for a market. Hunt sailed along the New England coast, and at Cape Cod h
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Northmen, the (search)
Northmen, the The Scandinavians ——inhabitants of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden—were called Northmen. They were famous navigators, and, in the ninth century, discovered Iceland and Greenland. In the tenth century a colony led by Eric the Red was planted in the latter country (983). It is said that an adventurer named Bjarni discovered the mainland of North America in the tenth century (986). These people were chiefly from Norway, and kept up communication with the parent country. According for Vinland, to plant a colony. They landed, it is supposed, in Rhode Island. Thorfinn remained in Vinland about three years, where Gudrida gave birth to a son, whom they named Snorre, who became the progenitor of Albert Thorwaldsen, the great Danish sculptor. Returning to Iceland, Thorfinn died there, and his widow and her son went, in turn, on a pilgrimage to Rome. Icelandic manuscripts mention visits to Vinland in 1125, 1135, and 1147. About 1390 Nicolo Zeno (q. v.), a Venetian, visited<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ottendorfer, Oswald 1826- (search)
Ottendorfer, Oswald 1826- Journalist; born in Zwittau, Moravia, Feb. 26, 1826; studied in the universities of Prague and Vienna; took part in the Austrian Revolution of 1848; the Schleswig-Holstein war against Denmark; and in the revolutions in Baden and Saxony; came to the United States in 1850; was proprietor of the Staats-Zeitung, New York; and gave large sums of money to educational and charitable institutions. He was an active Democrat, but opposed to Tammany Hall. He died in New York City, Dec. 15, 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Peace conference, universal (search)
ce of Brussels, which has remained unratified to the present day. 8. To accept in principle the employment of good offices, of mediation and facultative arbitration in cases lending themselves thereto, with the object of preventing armed conflicts between nations; to come to an understanding with respect to the mode of applying these good offices, and to establish a uniform practice in using them. The following governments were represented: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Rumania, Russia, Servia, Siam, Spain, Sweden and Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States of America. The United States were represented by the lion. Andrew D. White, ambassador to Berlin; the Hon. Seth Low, president of Columbia University; the Hon. Stanford Newel, minister to The Hague; Capt. Alfred T. Mahan, U. S. N.; Capt. William Crozier, U. S. A., and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
Adams, on part of the United States, with HollandOct. 8, 1782 Preliminary articles of peace signed at Paris by Richard Oswald for Great Britain, and by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens for the United StatesNov. 30, 1782 British evacuate Charleston, S. C.Dec. 14, 1782 French army embarks from Boston for San Domingo, having been in the United States two years five months and fourteen days Dec. 24, 1782 Sweden recognizes independence of United States Feb. 5, 1783 Denmark recognizes independence of United States Feb. 25, 1783 Congress being unable to pay either officers or men of the army, an anonymous address is circulated, March 11, 1783, advising the army at Newburg, N. Y., to enforce its claims. The situation is critical, but Washington, by an admirable address, obtains from the officers a declaration of confidence in Congress and the country.March 15, 1783 Congress grants five years full pay to officers in lieu of half-pay for life, promised Oct.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Riis, Jacob August 1849- (search)
Riis, Jacob August 1849- Journalist; born in Denmark, May 3, 1849; has been connected with the New York Sun and has been active in the movement for tenementhouse and school-house reform, and also for the making of small parks in the crowded districts of New York City. He is the author of How the other half lives; The children of the poor, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spoliation claims. (search)
s of France in which France herself was forbidden to participate. In the ports of Spain under French control, of Holland, and at Naples, a large number of American vessels and a great amount of American property were seized; also at Hamburg, in Denmark, and in the Baltic ports, it being alleged that many American and many British vessels were employed in bringing British produce from British ports under forged papers seeming to show that the property and vessels were American, directly from th The only country in Europe into whose ports American vessels might enter with safety was Russia. The War of 1812-15 wiped out all American claims for commercial spoliations against England. Those against France, Spain, Holland, Naples, and Denmark remained to be settled. Gallatin, at Paris, and Eustis, at The Hague, were instructed to press the subject. William Pinkney, former ambassador at London, appointed in Bayard's place as minister to Russia, was also commissioned to take Naples i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Submarine cables. (search)
, and Telegraph Works Co 3146 Mexican Telegraph Co 3 1,528 River Plate Telegraph Co1 32 South American Cable Co2 2,049 United States and Haiti Telegraph and Cable Co 1 1,389 West African Telegraph Co 11 2,977 West Coast of America Telegraph Co 8 1,966 Western and Brazilian Telegraph Co 16 6,154 West India and Panama Telegraph Co 24 4,639 Grand total328 160,842 Cables operated by Nations. Nation.Number of Cables.Length of Cable in Nautical Miles. Austria41 214 Belgium 2 55 Denmark73 235 France54 5,035 Germany58 2,225 Great Britain and Ireland135 1,989 Greece46 55 Holland24 62 Italy 39 1,061 Norway325 324 Portugal4115 Russia 9231 Spain15 1,744 Sweden14 96 Switzerland2 10 Turkey23 344 Argentine Republic and Brazil49 119 Australia and New Zealand31 345 Bahama Islands1 213 British America1 200 British India (Indo-European Telegraph Department)111 1,919 China2 113 Cochin China and Tonquin2 774 Japan70 1,508 Macao1 2 Nouvelle Caledonie1 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett 1825- (search)
Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett 1825- Author; born in Denmark, N. Y., Feb. 22, 1825; was admitted to the bar in Oswego, N. Y., in 1852; engaged in journalism for several years. His publications include Historical sketches of Northern New York, and the Adirondack wilderness; History of Saratoga county, N. Y.; History of Rensselaer county, N. Y.; History of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts; History of Ulster county, N. Y.; Indian legends of Saratoga and the Upper Hudson Valley; and Historical narratives of the Upper Hudson, Lake George, and Lake Champlain.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties. (search)
iNov. 8, 1858 Convention of Additions to treaty of June 18, 1858WashingtonJuly 28, 1868 Treaty of EmigrationPekingNov. 17, 1880 Treaty of Commercial and judicialPekingNov. 17, 1880 Treaty of Peace with the powersPekingSept. 7, 1901 Colombia: Convention of Peace, amity, commerce, navigationBogotaOct. 3, 1824 Convention of ExtraditionBogotaMay 7, 1888 Costa Rica: Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationWashingtonJuly 10, 1851 Convention of Adjustment of claimsSan JoseJuly 2, 1860 Denmark: Convention of Friendship, commerce, navigationWashingtonApril 26, 1826 Convention of To indemnify the U. S.CopenhagenMar. 28, 1830 Convention of Discontinuance of Sound duesWashingtonApril 11, 1857 Convention of NaturalizationCopenhagenJuly 20, 1872 Dominican Republic: Convention of Amity, commerce, navigation, extraditionSanto DomingoFeb. 8, 1867 Ecuador: Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationQuitoJune 13, 1839 Convention of Mutual adjustment of claimsGuayaquilNov. 25, 1862
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