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Xerxes, vying with the zeal displayed by the Carthaginians, surpassed them in all his preparations to the degree that he excelled the Carthaginians in the multitude of peoples at his command. And he began to have ships built throughout all the territory along the sea that was subject to him, both Egypt and Phoenicia and Cyprus, Cilicia and Pamphylia and Pisidia, and also Lycia, Caria, Mysia, the Troad, and the cities on the Hellespont, and Bithynia, and Pontus. Spending a period of three years, as did the Carthaginians, on his preparations, he made ready more than twelve hundred warships. He was aided in this by his father Darius, who before his death had made preparations of great armaments; for Darius, after Datis, his general, had been defeated by the Athenians at Marathon, had continued to be angry with the Athenians for having won that battle. But Darius, when already about to cross overi.e. from Asia into Europe via the N
The Lacedaemonians, having appointed Pausanias, who had held the command at Plataea, admiral of their fleet, instructed him to liberate the Greek cities which were still held by barbarian garrisons. And taking fifty triremes from the Peloponnesus and summoning from the Athenians thirty commanded by Aristeides, he first of all sailed to Cyprus and liberated those cities which still had Persian garrisons; and after this he sailed to the Hellespont and took Byzantium, which was held by the Persians, and of the other barbarians some he slew and others he expelled, and thus liberated the city, but many important Persians whom he captured in the city he turned over to Gongylus of Eretria to guard. Ostensibly Gongylus was to keep these men for punishment, but actually he was to get them off safe to Xerxes; for Pausanias had secretly made a pact of friendship with the king and was about to marry the daughter of Xerxes, his purpose being to betray t
Thereupon Cimon, not satisfied with a victory of such magnitude, set sail at once with his entire fleet against the Persian land army, which was then encamped on the bank of the Eurymedon River.In Pisidia, at least 125 miles from Cyprus. And wishing to overcome the barbarians by a stratagem, he manned the captured Persian ships with his own best men, giving them tiaras for their heads and clothing them in the Persian fashion generally. The barbarians, so soon as the flee
ge of his plans might occur.
And when the soldiers had all been gathered at the torch and
had stopped plundering, for the time being they withdrew to the ships, and on the following day
they set up a trophy and then sailed back to Cyprus,
having won two glorious victories, the one on land and the other on the sea; for not to this
day has history recorded the occurrence of so unusual and so important actions on the same day
by a host that fought both afloat and on l
Contents of the Twelfth Book of Diodorus —On the campaign of the Athenians against Cyprus (chaps. 1-4). —On the revolt of the Megarians from the Athenians (chap. 5). —On the battle at Coroneia between the Athenians and Boeotians (chap. 6). —On the campaign of the Athenians against Euboea (chap. 7). —The war in Sicily between the Syracusans and the Acragantini (chap. 8). —The founding in Italy of Thurii and its civil strife (chaps. 9-11). —How Charondas, who was chosen lawgiver of Thurii, was responsible for many benefits to his native city (chaps. 12-19). —How Zaleucus, the lawgiver in Locri, won for himself great fame (chaps. 20-21). —How the Athenians expelled the Hestiaeans and sent there their own colonists (chap. 22). —On the war between the Thurians and the Tarantini (chap. 23). —On the civil strife in Rome (chaps. 24-26). —On the war between the Samians and the Milesians (chaps. 27-28).