means those four rivers; especially as to Geon or Nile, which
arises from the east, while he very well knew the literal Nile arises from
the south; though what further allegorical sense he had in view, is now,
I fear, impossible to be determined.
which ran round about the whole earth, and was parted into four parts.
And Phison, which denotes a multitude, running into India, makes its exit
into the sea, and is by the Greeks called Ganges. Euphrates also, as well
as Tigris, goes down into the Red Sea. By
the Red Sea is not here meant the Arabian Gulf, which alone we now call
by that name, but all that South Sea, which included the Red Sea, and the
Persian Gulf, as far as the East Indies; as Reland and Hudson here truly
note, from the old geographers.
Now the name Euphrates, or Phrath, denotes either a dispersion, or a flower:
by Tiris, or Diglath, is signified what is swift, with narrowness; and
Geon runs through Egypt, and denotes what arises from the east, which the
Greeks call Nile.
provincia repertum, cuius sucum laser vocant,
magnificum in usu medicamentisque.
The plant was doubtless the ferula
asafoetida, the exuded juice of which is
still widely used as an antispasmodic. It held a prominent
place among the products and exports of Cyrenaica, and is
represented upon coins of the country. Pliny notes, however,
that in his time it had ceased to he produced there, and our
supply comes from Persia and the East Indies.
Cyrenis: Cyrenae (Gr.
*kurh/nh) was the
capital of the district of Libya, called Cyrenaica, that bordered upon the Syrtis
major. It was founded, according to tradition, about the
middle of the seventh century B.C., by Battus, otherwise
called Aristotle, a Greek from the island of Thera, and attained great
reputation as a centre of trade, and as the birthplace of
Eratosthenes, Aristippus, and Callimachus.