his position is seen at Y′. The returning motion of the lever drives the piston forward, leaves the hammer at full-cock, forces the cartridge contained in the carrier-block into the chamber, drops the carrier-block to receive the following cartridge from the magazine, and places the arm in readiness to be fired.
The United States has adopted the Springfield.
England adopts Snider's improvement on the Enfield.
France, the Chassepot.
Belgium, the Albini.
Holland, the Snider.
Turkey, the Remington and Winchester.
Austria, the Wanzl.
Sweden, the Hagstrom.
Russia, the Laidley and Berdan.
Switzerland, the Winchester.
Portugal, the Westley-Richards.
Prussia, the needle-gun.
The well-known form shown at C, Plate 14, has been superseded by the Mauser gun. See needle-gun.
The breech-loaders purchased by the American government between January 1, 1861, and January 30, 1866, were of number and kind as follows: —