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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 92 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 70 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 20 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 10 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3 8 0 Browse Search
Laura E. Richards, Maud Howe, Florence Howe Hall, Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, in two volumes, with portraits and other illustrations: volume 1 8 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 8 0 Browse Search
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2 6 0 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 6 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Turquie (Turkey) or search for Turquie (Turkey) in all documents.

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treatment of the bees. Varro (50 B. C.) recommends that hives be made of basket-work, wood, bark, hollow trees, pottery, or reeds, and be contractible according to the size of the swarm. He recommends a pane of transparent stone (lapis specularis), so as to enable the apiarian to see the bees at work. Sallust recommends cork; a very good suggestion. They are yet made of cork in some parts of Southern Europe; the wood being removed, leaves the cork-bark as a cylinder. In Greece and Turkey earthenware hives are in common use. The ancient English hives were baskets of unpeeled willows. Beehives made of helical coils of twisted straw are in common use in England, as well as those of wood. A representation of one of the former kind is shown in the illustration, the cover being removed to show the interior glass cap. The materials of which hives are made differ in various countries, and the variations in construction are almost infinite. Straw beehive. Pepys thus refers
Kabyles and Berbers; in China for carpets; in Turkey for soldiers' coverlets; in Circassia for drea, India, and China; later, those of Persia and Turkey have been the more celebrated. They were ancig, and resemble the present work of Persia and Turkey. The tapestry consists of woolen threads sewee manufactured in many of the provinces of Asiatic Turkey. In none of these places, however, does aeir origin is unknown even to Mussulmans. The Turkey carpet pattern represents inlaid jeweled work,ian carpets have more regularity than those of Turkey, and the colors are mostly warm negatives, enl beating of the batten or lathe. The Persian, Turkey, and Axminster carpets are thus formed. 2. carpet. Triple-ingrain carpet.Wilton carpet. Turkey carpet. Car′pet-bag frame. The iron f (Fabric.) A cotton and silk stuff made in Turkey. Chlori-na′tion. A process for the extragarden-walls, and fences for poultry-yards; in Turkey, cabins for the cork-cutters and coffins for t[1 more...
his position is seen at Y′. The returning motion of the lever drives the piston forward, leaves the hammer at full-cock, forces the cartridge contained in the carrier-block into the chamber, drops the carrier-block to receive the following cartridge from the magazine, and places the arm in readiness to be fired. The United States has adopted the Springfield. England adopts Snider's improvement on the Enfield. France, the Chassepot. Belgium, the Albini. Holland, the Snider. Turkey, the Remington and Winchester. Austria, the Wanzl. Sweden, the Hagstrom. Russia, the Laidley and Berdan. Switzerland, the Winchester. Portugal, the Westley-Richards. Prussia, the needle-gun. The well-known form shown at C, Plate 14, has been superseded by the Mauser gun. See needle-gun. The breech-loaders purchased by the American government between January 1, 1861, and January 30, 1866, were of number and kind as follows: — Ballard1,500Maynard20,002 Ball1,002Palme
Among these the Newcastle stones, from the coal measures of Northumberland and the adjacent counties, have a pre-eminence in England for general purposes; others are used for grinding, while many varieties are employed as plane surfaces for whetstones. Other qualities are used for hones. A German variety is famous for this purpose. The very finest qualities, composed of an almost impalpable agglutinated powder, are used as oil-stones. Such are the Water of Ayr, and Blue stones, and the Turkey oil-stone. The old Royal exchange of London was pavel with this stone, and when it was burned, about 1834, the pavement yielded a handsome amount towards the re-erection. Grinding-wheels. The Nova Scotia and Berea, Ohio, grindstones are largely employed in this country; these may be obtained of very large size and uniform quality. The Washita, Arkansas, stone is of the very finest quality, being sharp and clean, and is made into a great variety of forms; grindstones, whetstones, hon
spirally around the hollow blowing-shaft. Hone. A flat slab, usually of some description of slaty stone, used for giving a keen edge to a cutting-tool after sharpening on the grindstone. Various kinds, differing greatly in texture and hardness, are employed. Norway ragstone, water-of-Ayr, bluestone, German-hone, and many other varieties, have a more or less extended reputation for their adaptation to special requirements, being used either dry or moistened with water or with oil. The Turkey oil-stone, which comes from Asia Minor, is generally known, and is employed for imparting an edge to chisels, plane-bits, and all the finer varieties of cutting-tools. It is usually cemented in a slab of wood and provided with a wooden cover. The finest variety of stone suitable for hones is found in Arkansas, and is also known as Washita. The metallic hone is a small round bar of steel, with fine longitudinal striations. For use it is moistened with oil and sprinkled with rottenston
e furnace, and this is accomplished by a thermostat, founded upon the unequal dilatation by heat of different metals. A compound metallic bar exposed to the heat of the chamber warps when the heat exceeds the medium, and draws upon a wire connected to the door of the ash-pit, and thus regulates the draft. Pans of water secured the proper humidity of the air. Periods of incubation; temperature, 140° Fah. Swan42 daysPeafowl28 days. Goose35 daysDuck28 days. Hen21 daysPigeon14 days. Turkey28 daysCanary14 days. In-dent′. 1. (Carpentry.) A notch, as in scarfing timbers together. 2. (Printing.) The blank space or set-in at the commencement of a paragraph. In-den-ta′tion. (Architecture.) A zigzag molding. The shark's tooth molding. Denticulation. In-dent′ed Chis′el. A boring-chisel whose face is in steps. In-dent′ed line. (Fortification.) One consisting of alternate salient and receding angles, each face forming a flank to its neighb
been the warlike instrument of all nations from the earliest ages, except the Spartans, who employed pipes and soft instruments to temper rather than inflame their martial ardor. Trumpets with two tubes were sometimes used by the ancients. At a later period the tube was recurved, as in the modern trumpet, of which the bugle is a variation. The trumpet used in Persia and the East is a very long tapering tube with flar- ing mouth. A similar instrument without a flaring mouth is used in Turkey and India. The Chinese have trumpets of wood. The Florida Indians, according to the history of Jacques Le Moyne, made a species of trumpet by winding the bark of trees spirally, forming a tube wider at one end than the other, to which oval plates of gold, silver, or other metal were attached by strings, intended apparently to jingle in accord with the instrument. The Greeks ascribed the invention of the threestringed lyre to Thoth, the Egyptian Mercury; and Terpander, the Greek, is
ormer country newspapers issued at irregular intervals were published during the seventeenth century, but those appearing regularly do not seem to have been introduced until the next; and in Italy, though never entirely suppressed, their continuance under the depressing influences by which they were surrounded, produced no one of extensive circulation or influence. The same may be said of Russia, where the periodical press was first introduced under the auspices of Peter the Great; and of Turkey, whose first newspaper only dates back to 1795. Newspaper-file. News′pa-per ad-dress′ing-machine′. A machine for printing addresses on newspaper wrappers or attaching printed labels to newspapers or their wrappers. See addressing-machine. News′pa-per-clamp. A means for fastening newspapers to a back, in temporary cover, or on a desk, so as to preserve them in a convenient condition for reference. See paper-file. News′pa-per-file. A clamp to hold newspapers by the
ilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile11,660 SwitzerlandMeile8,548 TurkeyBerri1,828 TuscanyMiglio1,809 VeniceMiglio1,900 O-don′ta-gra. A form of dental forceps. O-don′to-graph. (Gearing.) An instrument for marking or laying off the teeth of gear-wheels; invented by Professor Willis. It consists of a giCitrus (various)EuropePerfumed oil obtained from various species of the orange family. Affords the orange-flower water of the shops, etc. NutmegMyristica moschataMoluccas, etcEssential oil. Used in perfumery. Otto or attar of roseRosa moschataTurkey and SyriaA fragrant oil obtained from the Eastern species of rose. Centifolia, Damascena Orange(See Bergamot, Neroli.) PatchouliPogostemon patchouliIndiaPlant affords an oil. Used as a perfume. Common Name.Botanical Name.Native Place, or w<
according to material and quality, may be, — Uncut velvet.Brussels carpet. Beaverteen. When cut, it may be, — Turkey, Persian, or Wilton carpet.Velveteen. Cut velvet.Plush. In pile-weaving, in addition to the usual warp and weft thren, Syrian, and Greek plows were equal to the modern plows of the South of France, part of Austria, Poland, Sweden, Spain, Turkey, Persia, Arabia, India, Ceylon, and China. The last thirty years may have worked a partial change, but not sufficient toy of England, and the poor-laws of that country perpetuate it to a great extent. Excepting as to Russia, and to parts of Turkey, — the latter might as well be counted out as an anachronism on the face of Europe, — slavery survived longest in Scotlan University press in 1709. A printing-press was established in New London, Conn., in 1709; the first printing-press in Turkey was brought from Paris by Mohammed Effendi, in 1721; the first press in Annapolis, Md., was in 1726; Williamsburg, Va.,
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