m Asia, but probably entered Europe by a more northern route.
The Greek and Roman numeration was decimal, but their system of notation was very unfortunate, as any one may ascertain by trying a sum in multiplication: CCXLVIII XLV ——— ?
The Oriental system of notation was introduced by the Arabs, and was credited to them, but they more properly term them Indian numerals, referring to their derivation from the Hindoos.
This system of notation passed with the Saracens along the northern coaf the exchequer, and if they tallied the claim was admitted, perhaps paid.
This system survived the introduction of Arabic numerals into England about 670 years. In 1826 the time came for the venerable system to abdicate in favor of the other Oriental method which had been asserting itself for so long.
The pile of sticks, in companies, regiments, and brigades, that had by this time accumulated was something terrific.
The question was, How to get rid of them?
Prescriptive custom would preve<
beaten in the modern manner.
The derbekkch of modern Syria is similar to the Egyptian darabooka, as their names indicate.
Much ornament is lavished upon the cases of the Syrian instruments, as may be seen in Thomson's The land and the book.
Oriental nations have very imperfect ideas of melody and harmony, but are very industrious players on the drum, castanets, and tambourine, accompanied by the twanging of guitars and the clapping of hands.
The invention of the drum is ascribed to Bacchpassage of the balls and for the curved jet-pipes, which are pivoted to the stand-pipe.
A cylindrical saw for sawing curved stuff, staves especially.
A cylinder-saw; barrel-saw.
A very ancient Oriental form of water-raising wheel which was originally drumshaped, but afterwards had scoop-shaped buckets which dipped up water and conducted it towards the axis, at or near which it was discharged.
inst the open lid, and the eye-wash dashed against the ball, or forced against it by compressing the reservoir, as in the example.
The device shown is also applicable to the eyeball for the purpose of preventing myopia by preserving the convexity of the cornea; the bag c, being partially exhausted, is allowed to expand after the edges of the cups are seated upon the eye-balls.
A surgical instrument for removing the eye.
Putting out the eyes has long been a common Oriental punishment.
The eyes of Zedekiah were put out by Nebuchadnezzar.
Xenophon states that in the time of the younger Cyrus the practice was so common that the blinded men were a common spectacle on the highways.
The Kurds and Turkestan hordes yet blind their aged prisoners.
1. (Optics.) The glass nearest to the eye of those forming the combination eye-piece of a telescope or microscope.
The other glass, nearer to the object-glass, is called the field-glas
ed what he considered to be the Island of Antilia (Cuba). An island under that name had appeared on the charts since 1425.
Columbus was for discovering a western route to India in the interest of the Spaniards, that they might share in the rich Oriental trade then almost monopolized by the Venetians.
He supposed himself to have reached the outlying islands of the Asiatic coast, and tried to worm his way among them to reach China and India.
The voyage was repeated with the same intention.
Hisng to the art.
Toward the end of the fourth century, St. Ambrose composed a musical service for the church of Milan.
Previous to this time, the Christian service was probably various in different parts of the Empire: in some it doubtless was Oriental and noisy; in lands where the Grecian civilization prevailed, it was copied from the dramatists, and consisted of airs, recitatives, and responses; in other regions again it probably followed the chants as performed at the pagan altars, and amon
d the contained charge exploded by drawing off the spring-hammer with a cord.
Tamping and blast plug.
（Surgical.) A plug or stopper, of rag, sponge, etc., used in stopping hemorrhages.
a. The Oriental drum, consisting of a gourd covered with a lizard's skin.
b. A Chinese gong.
The composition, according to Klaproth, is, —
It is cast, and then tempered by being plunged, while hot, into cold water.
The effect i flame-kiln, in which wood is used.
（Fishing.) One with a wide mouth and narrowing in its length.
（Engineering.) One dug from the surface to meet a tunnel at a point between its ends.
An Oriental head-dress made of a cloth wound around the head.
The shapes, materials, size, and mode of wearing vary much in different countries.
In India it is a strip of cloth usually from 9 to 12 inches wide and from 5 to 25 yards long, but h