In this oration, Mr. Sumner uttered the memorable declaration which went through the world:—In our age, there can be no peace that is not honorable; there can be no war that is not dishonorable.
We shall give no space here to any part of that oration, since other speeches on the same subject were elicited by subsequent occasions, when his prophecies were fast becoming history, by the anticipations of war with Mexico being turned into the most active hostilities.
But a careful reading of that oration, which marked Mr. Sumner's first appearance before the country as a public man, will satisfy any student of his Speeches, that on this Fourth of July, 1844, he gave clear indications of the policy he was to pursue in future life.
Nor could a prophet have marked out with greater clearness, than the historian could afterwards, the course Mr. Sumner would take in whatever crisis might arise, involving the fortunes of freedom, or of peace, in the coming struggles of parties.
ay, 1846, a resolution was passed by both Houses of Congress, that By the act of the Republic of Mexico, a state of war exists between that government and the United States, and the President was auth after a joint resolution for the admission of Texas as a State into the Union, a collision with Mexico had become inevitable.
It was alleged that no blame could be attached to the United States, for the war which followed, for several reasons; first of all, after Santa Anna, the dictator of Mexico, had been captured on the field of San Jacinto, he had recognized the independence of Texas, after political alliances and relations; second, that ever since the establishment of the Republic of Mexico, in 1824, she had been an unjust and injurious neighbor—that her treasury was replenished by plut of these claims having been made, the annexation of Texas, which took place July 4, 1845, gave Mexico a full justification, in her opinion, for commencing hostilities.
The war promised to be popu