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Plato, Republic 66 0 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 2 0 Browse Search
Plato, Hippias Major, Hippias Minor, Ion, Menexenus, Cleitophon, Timaeus, Critias, Minos, Epinomis 2 0 Browse Search
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Isocrates, To Demonicus (ed. George Norlin), section 26 (search)
Consider it equally disgraceful to be outdone by your enemies in doing injury and to be surpassed by your friends in doing kindness.The “get even” standard of honor in popular thought. Cf. Theog. 869-72: e)/n moi e)/peita pe/soi me/gas ou)rano\s eu)ru\s u(/perqen xa/lkeos, a)nqrw/pwn dei=ma xamaigene/wn, ei) mh\ e)gw\ toi=sin me\n e)parke/sw oi(/ me filou=sin, toi=s d' e)xqroi=s a)ni/n kai\ me/ga ph=m' e)/somai. Even Socrates reflects this standard in Xen. Mem. 2.6.35. Not so Socrates in Plato: see Plat. Rep. 335a. Admit to your companionship, not those alone who show distress at your reverses, but those also who show no envy at your good fortune; for there are many who sympathize with their friends in adversity, but envy them in prosperity.See Socrates' analysis of envy in Xen. Mem. 3.9.8. Mention your absent friends to those who are with you, so that they may think you do not forget them, in their turn, when they are abse
Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 327a (search)
Socrates ISocrates narrates in the first person, as in the Charmides and Lysis; see Introduction p. vii, Hirzel, Der Dialog, i. p. 84. Demetrius, On Style, 205, cites this sentence as an example of “trimeter members.” Editors give references for the anecdote that it was found in Plato's tablets with many variations. For Plato's description of such painstaking Cf. Phaedrus 278 D. Cicero De sen.. 5. 13 “scribens est mortuus.” went down yesterday to the PeiraeusCf. 439 E; about a five-mile walk. with Glaucon, the son of Ariston, to pay my devotionsPlato and Xenophon represent Socrates as worshipping the gods,NO/MW| PO/LEWS. Athanasius,
Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 339b (search)
327. whether it is a big one either; but that we must inquire whether what you say is true, is clear.For the teasing or challenging repetition cf. 394 B, 470 B-C, 487 E, 493 A, 500 B, 505 D, 514 B, 517 C, 523 A, 527 C, Lysis 203 B, Sophocles O.T. 327. For since I too admit that the just is something that is of advantageFor Plato's so-called utilitarianism or eudaemonism see 457 B, Unity of Plato's Thought, pp. 21-22, Gomperz, ii. p. 262. He would have nearly accepted Bentham's statement that while the proper end of government is the greatest happiness of the greatest number, the actual end of every government is the greatest happiness of the governors. Cf. Leslie
Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 346a (search)
83 D, Campbell on Soph. 246 D.” “Well, yes,” he said, “that is what renders it different.” And does not each art also yield us benefitAs each art has a specific function, so it renders a specific service and aims at a specific good. This idea and the examples of the physician and the pilot are commonplaces in Plato and Aristotle. that is peculiar to itself and not general,Hence, as argued below, from this abstract point of view wage-earning, which is common to many arts, cannot be the specific service of any of them, but must pertain to the special art MISQWTIKH/. This refinement is justified by Thrasymachus' original abstraction of the infallible craftsman as such. It also has
Plato, Republic, Book 2, section 363c (search)
sumed that judgement is not executed in this world; that the wicked are successful; that the good are miserable; and then urged from reason and scripture a compensation to be made to both parties in the next life. No offence appeared to be taken by the congregation at this doctrine.” a more excellent songNEANIKW/TERA is in Plato often humorous and depreciative. Cf. 563 ENEANIKH/. than these of the blessings that the gods bestow on the righteous. For they conduct them to the house of Hades in their tale and arrange a symposium of the saints,SUMPO/SION TW=N O(SI/WN. Jowett's notion that this is a jingle is due to the English pronunciation of Greek. where, recli
Plato, Republic, Book 2, section 365b (search)
all the character and the path whereby a man would lead the best life? Such a youthCf. Unity of Plato's Thought, p. 25: “His (Plato's) imagination was beset by the picture of some brilliant young Alcibiades standing at the crossways of life and debating in his mind whether the best chance for happiness lay in accepting the conventional moral law that serves to police the vulgar or in giving rein to the instincts and appetites of his own stronger nature. To confute the one, to convince the other, became to him the main problem of moral philosophy.” Cf. Introduction x-xi; also “The Idea of Good in Plato's Republic,” p. 214. would most likely put to himself the que
Plato, Republic, Book 2, section 380b (search)
did was righteous and good, and they were benefitedPlato's doctrine that punishment is remedial must apply to punishments inflicted by the gods. Cf. Protagoras 324 B, Gorgias 478 E, 480 A, 505 B, 525 B, 590 A-B. Yet there are some incurables. Cf. 615 E. by their chastisement. But that they were miserable who paid the penalty, and that the doer of this was God, is a thing that the poet must not be suffered to say; if on the other hand he should say that for needing chastisement the wicked were miserable and that in paying the penalty they were benefited by God, that we must allow. But as to saying that God, who is good, becomes the cause of evil to anyone, we must contend in every way that neither should anyone assert this in his own
Plato, Republic, Book 3, section 399a (search)
names. the musical modes,” I said, “but leave us that modeE)KEI/NHN may mean, but does not say, Dorian, which the Laches(188 D) pronounces the only true Greek harmony. This long anacoluthic sentence sums up the whole matter with impressive repetition and explicit enumeration of all types of conduct in peace and war, and implied reference to Plato's doctrine of the two fundamental temperaments, the swift and the slow, the energetic and the mild. Cf. Unity of Plato's Thought, nn. 59, 70, 481. that would fittingly imitate the utterances and the accents of a brave man who is engaged in warfare or in any enforced business, and who, when he has failed, either meeting wounds or death or having fallen into some
Plato, Republic, Book 3, section 401a (search)
and in all similar craftsmanshipThe following page is Plato's most eloquent statement of Wordsworth's, Ruskin's, and Tennyson's gospel of beauty for the education of the young. He repeats it in Laws 668 B. Cf. my paper on “Some Ideals of Education in Plato's Republic,”Educational Bi-monthly, vol. ii. (1907-1908) pp. 215 ff.—weaving is full of them and embroidery and architecture and likewise the manufacture of household furnishings and thereto the natural bodies of animals and plants as well. For in all these there is grace or gracelessness. And gracelessness and evil rhythm and disharmony are akin to evil speaking and the evil temper but the opposites are the symbols and the kin of the opposites, the <
Plato, Republic, Book 3, section 414b (search)
he latter shall not wish and the former shall not be able to work harm, but to name those youths whom we were calling guardians just now, helpers and aids for the decrees of the rulers?” “I think so,” he replied.“How, then,” said I, “might we contriveThe concept MHXANH/ or ingenious device employed by a superior intelligence to circumvent necessity or play providence with the vulgar holds a prominent place in Plato's physics, and is for Rousseau-minded readers one of the dangerous features of his political and educational philosophy. Cf. 415 C, Laws 664 A, 752 C, 769 E, 798 B, 640 B. one of those opportune falsehoodsCf. 389 B. of which we were just now389 B f
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