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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wrangel, Charles Magnus von 1730-1786 (search)
Wrangel, Charles Magnus von 1730-1786 Clergyman; born in Sweden about 1730; educated at the University of Upsala; ordained Court preacher to the King of Sweden; settled in Philadelphia in 1759, and took charge of all the Swedish Lutheran bodies in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. After nine years of faithful and successful work he returned to Sweden. He died in Sala, Sweden, in 1786.
alum. In the days of Charlemagne the Rhine communicated with the Escaut by a branch of the Meuse which has since disappeared. A great inundation, A. D. 860, obliterated many minor channels near the efflux, and opened new ones. In the thirteenth century the Zuyder Zee was converted from an inland fresh-water lake into a gulf of the sea by a storm which destroyed the barrier between it and the latter. The Roman legions under Drusus, B. C. 12, dug a canal between the Rhine and the small river Sala, as a military defence; this became enlarged into a third branch of the Rhine; it is mentioned by Pliny. A fourth branch, the Leck, was created subsequently, in a similar manner, during an insurrection under Claudius Civilis. When the Roman Empire fell to pieces, all engineering enterprises ceased, and the completed works fell into decay. Charlemagne revived the project of uniting the Rhine and the Danube, so as to connect the German Ocean and the Black Sea. The first canal in England