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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 18 0 Browse Search
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. 4 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
James Russell Soley, Professor U. S. Navy, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, The blockade and the cruisers (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 0 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 16: career of the Anglo-Confederate pirates.--closing of the Port of Mobile — political affairs. (search)
ved with great enthusiasm, and were entertained with receptions, dinners, and balls; and free tickets were given them for travel on the Hobson Bay railroad. Just before they left, these gentlemen indulged in a drunken frolic, and a disgraceful fight with some of the citizens. Then the Shenandoah cruised in the India seas and up the eastern coast of Asia to the Ochosk sea and Behring's Straits, June, 1865. to plunder and destroy the New England whaling fleet on the borders of the frozen Arctic Ocean. There she made havoc among the whalers, and lighted up the ice-floes of the Polar sea with incendiary fires. On the 28th of June, she appeared at a convention of whaling ships in that region, it was the custom of whalers, when a ship had been badly injured, to collect all the vessels within signaling distance, and if the craft was found so hurt that it was impossible to repair her, she was sold at auction to. The highest bidder. On the occasion under consideration, the ship Brunswi
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 56: commerce-destroyers.-their inception, remarkable career, and ending. (search)
aleb Cushing from the harbor of Portland, me. capture of the Florida on the coast of Brazil. an apology to the Brazilian government. Captain Collins' punishment. the Florida sunk in Hampton Roads. destruction of the whaling fishery in the Arctic ocean. neutrality laws violated by foreign governments. scenes on board the Confederate cruisers. actual losses inflicted by the Alabama and Shenandoah. criticisms, remarks, etc., etc. We have told the story of the Sumter and Alabama, and par and were based upon the movements of the Pacific whaling fleet. The latter habitually cruised in the neighborhood of the Carolina Islands for sperm whale, going north to the Sea of Ochotsk for right whale, thence to Behring's Straits and the Arctic Ocean. Returning from the north, the whalers generally reached the Sandwich Islands in October or November for refreshment. The plan was for the Shenandoah to be at these various points simultaneously with the whaling fleet, and thus to sweep it f
aid up and sold. The Shenandoah, once the Sea King, was purchased by Captain Bullock and placed under the command of Lieutenant-commanding J. J. Waddell, who fitted her for service under many difficulties at the barren island of Porto Santo, near Madeira. After experiencing great annoyances, through the activity of the American consul at Melbourne, Australia, Captain Waddell finally departed, and commenced an active and effective cruise against American shipping in the Okhotsk Sea and Arctic Ocean. In August, 1865, hearing of the close of the war, he ceased his pursuit of United States commerce, sailed for Liverpool, England, and surrendered his ship to the English government, which transferred it to the government of the United States. The Shenandoah was a full-rigged ship of eight hundred tons, very fast under canvas. Her steam power was merely auxiliary. This was the last but not the first appearance of the Confederate flag in Great Britain; the first vessel of the Confede
ty of Limerick, and of Canada after its conquest by Great Britain, were instructive as to the duty of the influential men to remain and share the burden of a common disaster. With General E. K. Smith's surrender the Confederate flag no longer floated on the land; only one gallant sailor still unfurled it on the Pacific. Captain Waddell, commanding the Confederate cruiser Shenandoah, swept the ocean from Australia nearly to Behring's Straits, making many captures in the Okhobak Sea and Arctic Ocean. In August, 1865, he learned from the captain of a British ship that the Confederacy, as an independent government, had ceased to exist. With the fall of his government his right to cruise was of course terminated; he therefore sailed for the coast of England, entered the Mersey, and on November 6, 1865, and in due form, surrendered his vessel to the British government. She was accepted and subsequently transferred to the United States. After leaving Washington in the manner and for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alaskan boundary, the. (search)
e southernmost point of Prince of Wales Island, through Portland Channel and along the summit of the mountains parallel to the coast, to the point of intersection of the 141st meridian of longitude; and, second, the line from this point to the Arctic Ocean. With the latter section, which is merely a meridian line, and as to which the United States and Canadian surveys exhibit no considerable difference, we are not now concerned. The section as to which material differences have arisen is the fe withdrawal by Russia of the claim made in the ukase of 1828 to exclusive jurisdiction over the Pacific Ocean--a claim which involved the right to navigate a vast extent of ocean and, incidentally, the right of passage from the Pacific to the Arctic Ocean through Bering Straits. It is not on our part, declared George Canning, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, essentially a negotiation of limits. It is a demand of the repeal of an offensive and unjustifiable arrogation of exclusiv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arctic exploration. (search)
o far north in that direction. In 1720 the Hudson Bay Company sent Captains Knight and Barlow to search for a northwest passage to India. They sailed with a ship and sloop, and were never heard of afterwards. In 1741 Vitus Bering discovered the strait that bears his name, having set sail from a port in Kamtchatka. In that region Bering perished. Russian navigators tried in vain to solve the problem. Between 1769 and 1772 Samuel Hearne made three overland journeys in America to the Arctic Ocean. The British government having, in 1743, offered $100,000 to the crew who should accomplish a northwest passage, stimulated efforts in that direction. Captain Phipps (Lord Mulgrave) attempted to reach the north pole in 1773; and before setting out on his last voyage (1776), Captain Cook was instructed to attempt to penetrate the polar sea by Bering Strait. He went only as far as 70° 45′. In 1817 Captain Ross and Lieutenant Parry sailed for the polar sea from England; and the same year
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barentz, Willem, 1594- (search)
Barentz, Willem, 1594- Navigator; born in Holland; commanded exploring expeditions to Nova Zembla and Spitzbergen in 1594-97. His first expedition was an attempt to find a passage through the Arctic Ocean to China, in which he reached lat. 78° N. On his third and last expedition, in 1596-97, he reached lat. 80° 11′ N., and discovered Spitzbergen. He died near Nova Zembla, June 20, 1597. Captain Carlsen, after a lapse of 274 years, found Barentz's winter quarters undisturbed in 1871; and some of the navigator's journals were recovered in 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederate privateers (search)
boarded the Florida, lashed her to his vessel, and bore her to Hampton Roads, Va., where she was sunk. The most famous of the Anglo-Confederate vessels was the Alabama, built by Laird and commanded by Raphael Semmes, who had been captain of the Sumter. Her career is elsewhere related (see Alabama). The career of the Shenandoah, another Anglo-Confederate privateer, was largely in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific oceans, plundering and destroying American vessels. On the borders of the Arctic Ocean, near Bering Strait, she attended a convention of American whaling ships (June 28, 1865) without being suspected, as she bore the United States flag. Suddenly she revealed her character, and before evening she had made prizes of ten whalers, of which eight were burned in a group before midnight. It was the last act in the drama of the Civil War. Her commander, informed of the close of the war, sailed for England and gave up the vessel to a British war-ship as a prize. the Shenandoah was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Danenhower, John Wilson, 1849-1887 (search)
Danenhower, John Wilson, 1849-1887 Explorer; born in Chicago, Ill., Sept. 30, 1849; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1870; served on the Vandalia during Gen. U. S. Grant's visit to Egypt and the Levant; and was promoted lieutenant in 1879. He joined the Arctic steamer Jeanette as second in command in 1878. The vessel sailed from San Francisco on July 8, 1879, through Bering Straits into the Arctic Ocean, where it was held in the ice-pack for twenty-two months. From the place where the steamer was caught the crew travelled south for ninety-five days over the ice, drawing three boats with them. They then embarked, but were separated by a storm. Lieutenant Danenhower's boat reached the Lena delta, where the Tunguses saved the crew, Sept. 17, 1881. After making an unsuccessful search for the other boats he left engineer George W. Melville (q. v.) to continue the search for Lieut. George W. De long (q. v.), and with his crew made a journey of 6,000 miles to Orenbu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hartstene, Henry J. 1828-1868 (search)
Hartstene, Henry J. 1828-1868 Naval officer; born in North Carolina; joined the navy in 1828; promoted commander in 1855; and was ordered to the Arctic region to search for Dr. Kane, whom he rescued with his party. In 1861 he resigned his commission and joined the Confederate navy, but in the following year he became insane. He died in Paris, France, March 31, 1868.
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