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Topography of Hampton. --Hampton Roads is the name given to the broad expanse of water between the mouth of James River and the entrance into Chesapeake Bay, Newport News Point on the North side of the river, and Pig Point, on the South, at the junction of the Nansemond with the James. Between these two points the distance is about five miles. Craney Island lies at the mouth of Elizabeth River, some six or seven miles East of Pig Point. Sewell's Point is about the same distance North of Craney Island. These four points form, therefore, very nearly a parallelogram. Old Point is five miles North of Sewell's Point. Along the Northern shore of the Roads, it is believed that no batteries have been erected, and the Federal troops may be disembarked without any resistance. If the reduction of Richmond is the object, as the signs seem to indicate, the march of the Federal army from Newport News will be ninety miles. But whether the invasion is made with one or two or three column
o steamers. Among the six or seven line-of-battle ships which the Naval Board, after careful examination of all the sailing vessels in our Navy-Yards, have selected from the sailing vessels as the only ones capable of being converted into steamers, is the mammoth line-of-battle ship Pennsylvania. The public will be surprised to learn that anything can be done with that monument of Government extravagance. She never made but one voyage, from Philadelphia where she was built, to the Elizabeth river, where she is still anchored, and has only served the purpose of a receiving ship, which might as well have been performed by any ordinary vessel. The imposing looking, but unmanageable hulk, had long ago been considered as much a fixture of our seashore scenery as the towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth, and her bulwarks have become so decayed that they crumble even under a slight pressure of the hand. We take it for granted that she will be razed, as her lower decks and timbers are beli
Virginia City. We have before us the prospectus of a city with this name, planned by some enterprising gentlemen, and located on the South Branch of the Elizabeth River, above the Gosport Navy-Yard. It is proposed to establish there a manufacturing city. Purchasers of lots at from $60 to $125, have the privilege of paying in monthly instalments of $5. The lots are 25 feet front, 120 feet deep. The city has a water front of three miles, and lies between the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad and the Norfolk and the Petersburg Railroad, the Dismal Swamp Canal and the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal. The lowest depth of wharfage along the city is 22 feet. The projectors bind themselves to devote 15 per cent. of all monies received for lots in improvement of streets, &c. The advantages of the locality are, healthfulness, good water, (the juniper water of the Dismal Swamp,) and communication by thousands of miles of inland navigation, and easy access to sea, together with railroad conn
ons in Charleston harbor, the steamers formerly plying between that port and New York will hereafter go to Savannah, and have their cargoes transported to Charleston over the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. The inner defence of Norfolk harbor. The Norfolk Day Book, noticing the position of Carney Island, on which a memorable battle was fought by Virginians, says: This little island is situated about five miles from Norfolk, on the southern bank, and commands the mouth of Elizabeth River or entrance to the inner harbor of Norfolk. The blockhouse that was constructed prior to the last war is still standing, and its location is indicated by the octagon dot on the western end of the island. The embankment or fortifications that was thrown up in June, 1813, and behind which our gallant defenders fought the memorable battle of Craney Island, is still standing, an immense monument of the brave spirits that fought in that spirited encounter with the British. Around the bloc
he papers of this city failed to receive their usual dispatches from Washington on Thursday night, the Federal Government having doubtless taken charge of the telegraph. We therefore copy the following from the Star, of Thursday evening: As we go to press we have to say that it is said, and confidently believed by many around us, that on the day before yesterday the Virginia. Convention passed a Secession Ordinance, and yesterday caused three vessels to be sunk at the mouth of the Elizabeth river — the entrance to the Gosport (Norfolk) navy-yard. Further: that the Superintendent of the Harper's Ferry armory has, by order of the Convention, hauled down the stars and stripes, and hoisted instead the Virginia State flag, and also caused the rails of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to be torn up on both sides leading out of Harper's Ferry; and, further still, that the Virginia Convention have directed military efforts to take possession of this Capital, to be made as soon as possib
end the remaining the Naval Brigade, who refused to take ee years' oath, to New York by the r Stars and Stripes. Their rations ut off ten days ago, and an order was to prevent them from taking clams e river. One of the Boston regiments ed them with some cheese and crack ch was all they had to subsist on for ys, and no water was allowed them that taken from the reservoir of the eter. They are kept under strict guard time. Tuesday five seamen from the blockade et went up the Elizabeth river to fish, approaching too near to Sewell's Point n was fired at them, killing two of the That was followed by a second gun, killed one more, leaving only two out five to get the boat back to the fleet. Quaker City on Tuesday evening steam to Back river, and at night those on the Georgeana heard a firing of heavy n that direction, and it was supposed Quaker City had encountered a masked which are said to be found every n that vicinity. her trial of the Sawyer gun on the
al day, whose cool, invigorating, bracing air is more health-giving to the invalid soldiers than the most skillfully prepared compound. I have heard of no frost, but this great enemy to chills and fevers will shortly appear upon the fields and wither the dense foliage that now clothes the earth in deep, cheerful green. It was, by the way, a joyous day in October many years ago, when a noble and venerable friend of America and of liberty stepped gracefully ashore upon the banks of the Elizabeth, and passed through the streets of Norfolk, during his triumphal tour through a nation which he had gallantly aided in its herculean struggles to be free from a yoke less galling far than that which oppresses and crushes many a noble son and daughter of the venerable heroes and heroines of freedom who have passed away. He first came when, as now, "darkness curtained the hills, and the tempest was abroad in its anger; when fathers were dying, and mothers were weeping over them; when the wi
Craney Island. --The defence of Craney Island, in the last war with England, was one of the most brilliant achievements of that contest. In view of the possibility that it may become again ere long the theatre of stirring events, we have examined with interest some records of the splendid and successful courage and constancy with which our interior forces repelled the British expeditions. Craney Island, as our readers are aware, lies near the month of Elizabeth river, and commands the approach from Hampton Roads to Norfolk. General Robert B. Taylor was the commanding officer of the military district in which the island is situated. The frigate Constellation was anchored about a mile below Norfolk, and four miles above the island, nearly opposite to the site of the present Naval Hospital. The fortification of this island had been previously ordered by General Wade Hampton, when he commanded the district, and was executed under the direction of Colonel Armistead, an engineer.
ed about their inability to pass our batteries and effect an entrance into Norfolk, why, all they have to do is just to try it. The letter says: The rebels are evidently expecting some move. They are very busy at Sewell' Point; twenty large guns are mounted, and from the present state of movements more will soon be put in place. At Craney island thirty-four from bulldogs show their ugly muzzles. This piece of work was built for the purpose of preventing shipping from passing up Elizabeth river. About twelve guns of the largest calibre bear on the approach to the mouth of the river, while twenty-two command the passage up. It is almost an impossibility to pass this battery, which is beautifully constructed, and is certainly one of the finest pieces of earth work I ever saw. With a proper force the rebels might be driven out by shell, but it would cost many lives and some vessels to do it. The batteries on Sowell's Point are composed of six distinct entrenchments, the fi
will be repeated to-night, the proceeds to be appropriated in behalf of an expedition, the nature of which has not been made public. The object of this secret expedition is of course to damage our Northern enemies in some way, and is being gotten up by some of the members of company F, of this city, and sanctioned by prominent officers. Nothing further has been done in the case reported about a week ago, relative to an affray in which Hughes, the toll-keeper at the drawbridge over Elizabeth river, was badly injured. The investigation of the affair in the Mayor's Court was postponed, The quarterly term of the Corporation Court commences here to-day. Several cases of some interest will, I learn, be up for examination. I am informed that Major Lamb, who has been announced for Congress from this Congressional district, withdraws his name from the list of candidates, and will vigorously prosecute the duties of the office which he now holds in the Confederate army, and one
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