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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The struggle for Atlanta. (search)
d from the memoirs of General William T. Sherman (New York: D. Appleton & Co.) by permission of author and Publishers. were breaking up the State arsenal at Adairsville, caring for the wounded and bringing in Confederate prisoners, word was telegraphed from Resaca that bacon, hard-bread, and coffee were already there at our service. Johnston, by his speedy night-work, passed on through Kingston, and formed an admirable line of battle in the vicinity of Cassville, with his back to the Etowah River, protecting the selected crossing. This was his final halt north of that river, so difficult with its mountain banks. Johnston remained here to obstruct and dispute our way one day only, for Schofield and Hooker had penetrated the forests eastward of him so far that Hood, still on Johnston's right, insisted that the Yankees were already beyond him and in force. Upon this report, about which there has since been much controversy, Johnston ordered a prompt withdrawal. The morning of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 14: Sherman's campaign in Georgia. (search)
ight. Prudence told him to move on, and he did, so that night, under the friendly cover of darkness, and crossing the Etowah River, burned the bridges, and placed that stream between his army and the hosts of Sherman. He halted near the Allatoona Pugged hills, where he was not molested for two or three days, because Sherman gave his army rest on the right bank of the Etowah, while supplies were brought forward to that point for the next stage of the campaign. Sherman determined to flank Johthe sad effects of war. At Adairsville, the Georgia State Arsenal was in ruins; and from that point all the way to the Etowah River, solitary chimneys, small redoubts, and lines of intrenchments, with marks of desolation and stagnation everywhere, proclaimed the operations of an active and destructive campaign. We crossed the Etowah River and its rich valley not far from Cartersville, in the heart of the beautiful and picturesque land of the ancient Cherokees —— the mountaineers, of the South
asking me to give you my recollection of the circumstances in regard to the retreat of the Confederate Armies from Cassville, Georgia, to the south side of the Etowah river, I will state the facts as connected with myself, as follows: At the time when the Confederate Armies of Tennessee and Mississippi, under the command of Genout 9 o'clock. I remained in the cabin during the conversation as to holding the position then occupied or advancing or retiring the Armies to the south of the Etowah river, about seven or eight miles to our rear. Lieutenant General Polk expressed himself convinced that he could not hold his line against attack, and that Majoren assembled, I placed them upon a by-road to Cassville Station on the main road to Cartersville. I instructed the officer to proceed to the south side of the Etowah river by way of the Cartersville bridge, and to report back to his Division Commander. I passed on to cross the river at the same point, arriving there about half-p
boroa and the evacuation of Atlanta, furnished for the information of General J. E. Johnston. Consolidated summary of casualties of the Armies of Tennessee and Misssisippi in the series of engagements around and from Dalton, Georgia, to the Etowah river, for the periaod commencing May the 7th, and ending May 20th, 1864: Corps. Killed. Wounded. Total. Hardee's 119 859 978 Hood's 283 1,564 1,847 Polk's Army, Mississippi 42 405 447   444 2,828 3,372 Consolidated summary of lled. Wounded. Total. Hardee's 200 1,433 1,633 Hood's 140 1,121 1,261 Polk's Army, Mississippi 128 926 1,054   468 3,480 3,948 Consolidation of the above three Reports is as follows:   Killed. Wounded. Total. Dalton to Etowah river 444 2,828 3,272 New Hope Church 309 1,921 2,230 Around Marietta 468 3,480 3,948   1,221 8,229 9,450 Consolidated summary of casualties of the Army of Tennessee (Army of Mississippi being merged into it) in the series of engageme
orders defining the geographical limits of your department, and such letters of general instruction as may have been sent to your predecessors, and as it may be important for you to possess. Very respectfully and truly yours, Jefferson Davis. (For General Hood). This order was most satisfactory, inasmuch as it afforded me at least an opportunity to confer with an officer of distinction, in regard to future operations. The attack upon his communications, in the vicinity of the Etowah river and near the Alabama line, had forced Sherman to hasten from Atlanta. In truth, the effect of our operations so far surpassed my expectations that I was induced to somewhat change my original plan to draw Sherman to the Alabama line and then give battle. I accordingly decided to move further north and again strike his railroad between Resaca and Tunnel Hill, thoroughly destroy it, and then move in the direction of the Tennessee, via Lafayette and Gadsden, with no intent, however, to cro
our front and right flank, and occasionally skirmishing with his cavalry along the banks of South Water creek. On the 4th of October Lieutenant General Stewart's Corps, in obedience to my orders, struck the enemy's railroad at Ackworth and Big Shanty, captured the garrisons at both places, consisting of some four hundred (400) prisoners, with some animals and stores. Hearing that the epemy had a quantity of stores at Allatoona, I determined, if possible, to destroy the bridge over the Etowah river, and directed Lieutenant General Stewart to send a division also to Allatoona, instructing the officer in command to destroy the railroad there and take possession of the place, if, in his judgment, when he reached there, he deemed it practicable. Accordingly, Major General French was sent, who attacked the place early on the morning of the 6th of October, and quickly carried the enemy's outer line of works, drawing him into a redoubt, and with that exception carried the place. Just at
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Consolidated Summaries in the armies of Tennessee and Mississippi during the campaign commencing May 7, 1864, at Dalton, Georgia, and ending after the engagement with the enemy at Jonesboroa and the evacuation at Atlanta, furnished for the information of General Joseph E. Johnston (search)
hed for the information of General Joseph E. Johnston Columbus, Georgia, April 3, 1866. Consolidated Summary of Casualties of the Armies of Tennessee and Mississippi in the Series of Engagements around and from Dalton, Georgia, to the Etowah River, for the Period commencing May 7, and ending May 20, 1864: Corps.Killed.Wounded.Total Hardee's119859978 Hood's2831,5641,847 Polks army, Mississippi42405447 4442,8283,272 Consolidated Summary of Casualties of the Armies of Tennesseeo July 4, 1864: Corps.Killed.Wounded.Total Hardee's2001,4331,633 Hood's1401,1211,261 Polk's army, Mississippi1289261,054 4683,4803,948 Consolidation of the above three reports is as follows: Corps.Killed.Wounded.Total Dalton to Etowah River4442,8283,272 New Hope Church3091,9212,230 Around Marietta4683,4803,948 1,2218,2299,450 Consolidated Summary of Casualties of the Army of Tennessee (Army of Mississippi being merged into it) in the Series of Engagements around Atlanta, Geo
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Memoranda of the operations of my corps, while under the command of General J. E. Johnston, in the Dalton and Atlanta, and North Carolina campaigns. (search)
h enemy on 17th. May 18th. Moved to Kingstree and Cross Station. May 19th. Formed line of battle on left of army; battle-order read to troops. Enemy in sight, and skirmishing begun. Troops wild with enthusiasm and delight. Later. On account of some movement of Hood, ordered to withdraw, about one and a half mile to Cassville line. Troops in fine spirits, expecting to attack enemy next morning. But Polk and Hood could not hold their lines, and that night withdrew and crossed Etowah following day. May 27th. At New Hope Church, Cleburne's division formed left of army. About four o'clock r. M. attacked by four corps of the enemy. Cleburne, with no advantage save well-chosen positions, repulsed corps after obstinate fight of an hour and a half. At the close of fight, seven hundred Federal dead, within a dozen paces of Cleburne's line. Four color-bearers successively killed within ten paces of line. Fifth bore off colors. Enemy's loss four thousand; Cleburne
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 17 (search)
20th, the enemy was gone, and our cavalry was sent in pursuit. These reported him beyond the Etowah River. We were then well in advance of our railroad-trains, on which we depended for supplies; so s that the rebel army did retreat that night, leaving us masters of all the country above the Etowah River. For the purposes of rest, to give time for the repair of the railroads, and to replenish d noted well the topography of the country, especially that about Kenesaw, Allatoona, and the Etowah River. On that occasion I had stopped some days with a Colonel Tunlin, to see some remarkable Indian mounds on the Etowah River, usually called the Ilightower. I therefore knew that the Allatoona Pass was very strong, would be hard to force, and resolved not even to attempt it, but to turn the poen to repair the railroad forward from Kingston to Allatoona, embracing the bridge across the Etowah River. Thus the real object of my move on Dallas was accomplished, and on the 4th of June I was pr
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 21 (search)
in the interior of the State. Meantime the rebel General Forrest had made a bold circuit in Middle Tennessee, avoiding all fortified points, and breaking up the railroad at several places; but, as usual, he did his work so hastily and carelessly that our engineers soon repaired the damage — then, retreating before General Rousseau, he left the State of Tennessee, crossing the river near Florence, Alabama, and got off unharmed. On the 10th of October the enemy appeared south of the Etowah River at Rome, when I ordered all the armies to march to Kingston, rode myself to Cartersville with the Twenty-third Corps (General Cox), and telegraphed from there to General Thomas at Nashville: It looks to me as though Hood was bound for Tuscumbia. He is now crossing the Coosa River below Rome, looking west. Let me know if you can hold him with your forces now in Tennessee and the expected reenforcements, as, in that event, you know what I propose to do. I will be at Kingston to-mor
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