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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnston, Joseph Eccleston 1809- (search)
d; the Confederates about 200. With the surrender of Lee, the Civil War was virtually ended. Although he was general-in-chief, his capitulation included only the Army of Northern Virginia. That of Johnston, in North Carolina, and smaller bodies, were yet in the field. When Sherman, who confronted Johnston, heard of the victory at Five Forks and the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, he moved on Johnston (April 10, 1865), with his whole army. The latter was at Smithfield, on the Neuse River, with fully 30,000 men. Jefferson Davis and the Confederate cabinet were then at Danville, on the southern border of Virginia, and had just proposed to Johnston a plan whereby they might secure their own personal safety and the treasures they had brought with them from Richmond. It was to disperse his army, excepting two or three batteries of artillery, the cavalry, and as many infantry as he could mount, with which he should form a guard for the government, and strike for the Mississipp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lawson, John 1712- (search)
Lawson, John 1712- Historian; born in Scotland; came to America with the appointment of surveyor-general for North Carolina. He was the author of A New voyage to Carolina, containing the exact description and natural history of that country; and a Journal of a thousand miles travelled through several Nations of Indians, etc. He was killed by the Indians on Neuse River, N. C., in 1712.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Moore's Creek Bridge, battle of. (search)
a veteran who had fought for the Young Pretender at the battle of Culloden (1746). Under him, as captain, was Allan McDonald. These two men had great influence over the Scotch Highlanders. They enlisted for the royal cause about 1,500 men, and marched from the vicinity of Fayetteville for the coast to join the governor and his friends on the Cape Fear. Col. James Moore, on hearing of this movement, marched with more than 1,000 men to intercept McDonald. At the same time minute-men of the Neuse region, under Colonels Caswell and Lillington, were gathering to oppose the loyalists, and on the evening of Feb. 26 were encamped at a bridge near the mouth of Moore's Creek, in Hanover county. There McDonald, chased by Colonel Moore, came upon the minute-men. He was sick, and the force was commanded by Lieutenant- Colonel McLeod. A sharp battle ensued the next morning, when McLeod was killed. The Scotchmen were routed and dispersed, and about 850 of them were made prisoners, among the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newbern, capture of (search)
Newbern, capture of After the capture of Roanoke Island (q. v.), the National forces made other important movements on the coast of State of North Carolina (q. v.). Goldsborough having been ordered to Fort Monroe, the fleet was left in command of Commodore Rowan. General Burnside, assisted by Generals Reno. Foster, and Parke, at the head of 15,000 troops, proceeded against Newbern, on the Neuse River. They appeared with the fleet in that stream, about 18 miles below the city, on the evening of March 12, 1862, and early the next morning the troops were landed and marched against the defences of the place. The Confederates, under General Branch, were inferior in numbers, but were strongly intrenched. The march of the Nationals was made in a drenching rain, the troops dragging heavy cannon after them through the wet clay, into which men sometimes sank knee-deep. At sunset the head of the Nationals was halted and bivouacked within a mile and a half of the Confederate works, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of South Carolina, (search)
a single blow. Within forty days, in the spring of 1715, the Indian tribes from the Cape Fear to the St. Mary and back to the mountains had coalesced in the conspiracy, and before the people of Charleston had any intimation of danger, 100 white victims had been slain in the remote settlements. The Creeks, Yamasees, and Apalachians in the South had confederated with the Cherokees, Catawbas, and Congarees in the West, in all about 6,000 strong, while more than 1,000 warriors issued from the Neuse region to avenge their misfortunes in the war of 1712-13. The people were filled with terror. Governor Craven acted with the utmost wisdom and energy. He declared the province to be under martial law, and at the head of 1,200 men, black and white, he marched to meet the foe. The Indians were at first victorious, but after several bloody encounters the Southern warriors were driven across the Savannah River (May, 1715), and halted not until they found refuge under the Spanish guns at St. A
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, (search)
y disfranchising all dissenters from any office of trust, honor, or profit......1704 First church in North Carolina built in Chowan county......1705 Lords proprietors grant to Christopher, Baron de Graaffenreidt, 10,000 acres of land on the Neuse and Cape Fear rivers in 1709. About 15,000 Swiss and a large number of Palatines follow the Baron and settle at the confluence of the Trent and Neuse, calling the town Newbern......December, 1710 One hundred and twelve persons, principally settlers on the Roanoke and Chowan, are massacred by the Tuscaroras and other allied Indian tribes......Sept. 22, 1711 Militia of North and South Carolina and friendly Indians attack the Tuscaroras on the banks of the Neuse, in the present county of Craven, and more than 300 savages are killed and 100 made prisoners......Jan. 28, 1712 Troops under Col. James Moore, of South Carolina, capture Fort Nahucke, a stronghold of the Tuscaroras in Greene county, with 800 prisoners......March, 1713
ke, with his headquarters at Petersburg, or wherever his presence may be most required in his district. The second district to extend from the Roanoke to the Neuse River, with its headquarters at Tarboroa, Greenville, or Kinston, as circumstances shall dictate. The third district, from the Neuse to Cape Fear, under Major-Gene for his services may be required soon. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Kinston, N. C., May 1st, 1864. Genl. Braxton Bragg, Commanding Richmond, Va.: Gunboat in Neuse hopelessly aground or useless until river rises. Albemarle still at Plymouth. With its assistance I consider capture of Newbern easy. Without it sacrifice of lie shortest route and followed until coming to the Savannah road, near James Branch or Creek. The column will then move along the Savannah road until reaching the Neuse road from Kinston to Newbern, where it will take up its position, throwing forward some cavalry and light troops to threaten Newbern and guard the roads leading ou
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, North Carolina, 1862 (search)
Infantry. NEW YORK--3d Cavalry; Batteries "B," "E," "F," "H," "I" and "K," 3d Light Arty.; 23d and 24th Indpt. Batteries Light Arty.; 1st Marine Arty.; 85th, 92d and 96th Infantry. PENNSYLVANIA--85th, 101st and 103d Infantry. RHODE ISLAND--Battery "F," 1st Light Arty.; 5th Heavy Arty. Union loss, 92 killed, 487 wounded, 12 missing. Total, 591. Dec. 11: Skirmish, Kinston RoadMASSACHUSETTS--27th Infantry. Dec. 11-12: Skirmishes, Kinston RoadNEW YORK--3d Cavalry. Dec. 12-15: Operations on Neuse RiverU. S. Navy. Dec. 13-14: Actions, Southwest CreekMASSACHUSETTS--23d Infantry. NEW JERSEY--9th Infantry. NEW YORK--Battery "B," 3d Light Arty.; 1st Marine Arty. PENNSYLVANIA--35th and 103d Infantry. Union loss, 3 killed, 8 wounded. Total, 11. Dec. 14: Engagement, KinstonCONNECTICUT--10th Infantry. MASSACHUSETTS--3d, 5th, 17th, 23d, 24th, 25th, 27th, 43th, 44th, 45th, 46th and 51st Infantry. NEW JERSEY--9th Infantry. NEW YORK--3d Cavalry; Batteries "B," "E," "F," "H," "I" and "K," 3d Light
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, North Carolina, 1863 (search)
1863 Jan. 17-21: Reconnoissance from Newberne to Pollocksville, Trenton, Young's Cross Roads and OnslowNEW YORK--3d Cavalry. MASSACHUSETTS--51st Infantry. Jan. 19: Skirmish, White Oak CreekNEW YORK--3d Cavalry. Jan. 20: Skirmish near JacksonvilleNEW YORK--3d Cavalry. Union loss, 1 killed, 1 wounded. Total, 2. Jan. 27-28: Reconnoissance on Neuse and Trent RoadsPENNSYLVANIA--58th Infantry. Feb. 1-10: Expedition from Newberne to PlymouthMASSACHUSETTS--44th Infantry. Feb. 2: Affair at Wales HeadMASSACHUSETTS--8th Infantry (Detachment). Destruction of Salt Works. Feb. 7: Skirmish near EdentonNEW YORK--7th Cavalry (1st Mounted Rifles). Feb. 10: Skirmish, Batchelder's Creek(No Reports.) Feb. 12-13: Expedition from Batchelder's CreekPENNSYLVANIA--58th Infantry. Feb. 13: Skirmish, Sandy RidgePENNSYLVANIA--58th Infantry. Feb. 13: Skirmish near WashingtonMASSACHUSETTS--27th Infantry (Detachment). NEW YORK--3d Cavalry (Detachment). Feb. 27: Skirmish, NewberneNEW YORK--3d Cavalry (Deta
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, North Carolina, 1865 (search)
antry. MICHIGAN--10th Infantry. March 18: Skirmish near Benton's Cross RoadsDismounted Cavalry Brigade. March 19: Skirmish, Neuse River Bridge, near GoldsboroughDetachment of Scouts and Staff Officers. March 19-20: Skirmishes, Cox's Bridge, Neuse RiverILLINOIS--56th Infantry. IOWA--10th and 17th Infantry. MICHIGAN--Battery "B" 1st Light Arty. MISSOURI--26th Infantry. March 19-21: Battle of BentonvilleALABAMA--1st Cavalry. CONNECTICUT--5th and 20th Infantry. ILLINOIS--11th Cavalry (Co. "G"); "B" 1st Light Arty. OHIO--37th and 46th Infantry. WISCONSIN--12th Battery Light Arty.; 26th Infantry. March 22: Skirmish, Hannah's CreekILLINOIS--26th Infantry. March 22: Skirmish, Black Creek(No Reports.) March 23: Skirmish, Cox's Bridge, Neuse RiverPickets 3 Division, 10th Corps. Union loss, 9 wounded. March 24: Skirmish near Moccasin CreekILLINOIS--102d Infantry (Detachment). March 28: Skirmish near Snow Hill(No Reports.) March 28: Skirmish, BooneKENTUCKY--12th Cavalry (Detachment).
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