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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VII:—politics. (search)
nds of North Carolina westward by means of two deep estuaries, which are in their turn cut up into numberless small creeks. At the north, that of Tar River takes, from the village of Washington, the name of Pamlico River; at the south that of Neuse River retains the name of this water-course, forming the anchoring-ground of the small town of Newberne, built on its right bank. The tide is sufficiently strong both in the Tar and Neuse to carry vessels of considerable draught far beyond the moutd, following a south-easterly direction, crosses several small streams over wooden bridges, in the vicinity of which one meets successively the stations of Everettsville, Dudley and Mount Olive. Several wagon-bridges connect the two banks of the Neuse between Goldsboroa and Kingston; the most important is situated at an almost equal distance from these two points, near the village of Whitehall, another a little above the great railroad bridge, and a third, called Thompson's Bridge, between the
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book I:—the war on the Rapidan. (search)
own resources an effort would be made to drive him into the sea, instead of making a simple demonstration. Hill began by attempting a bold stroke against Fort Anderson, a considerable work which the Federals were erecting on the left bank of the Neuse in front of New Berne. This was to harass Foster at the most important point of his command. On the 13th of March, General Pettigrew, following some by-roads with one or two Confederate brigades, took advantage of the absence of the greater porck and the Hetzel.—Ed. was not long in making the assailants beat a retreat. Following the execution of this plan, Hill, who was striving to magnify the number of his soldiers in the eyes of his adversaries, conveyed them from the banks of the Neuse to those of Tar River; on the 30th of March he came with one division to invest the small town of Washington, which the Federals had converted into a depot for supplies for the fleet, and which was surrounded by a belt of redoubts and half-basti
ts as warriors, and compelled them to endure taunts as women. Beyond the Delaware, on the Eastern Shore, dwelt the Nanticokes, who disappeared without glory, or melted imperceptibly into other tribes; and the names of Accomac and Pamlico are the chief memorials of tribes that made dialects of the Algonquin the mother tongue of the natives along the sea-coast as far south, at least, as Cape Hatteras. It is probable, also, that the Corees, or Coramines, who dwelt to the southward of the Neuse River, spoke a kindred language—thus Lawson, 171. establishing Cape Fear as the southern limit of the Algonquin speech. In Virginia, the same language was heard throughout the whole dominion of Powhatan, which had the Chap. XXII.} tribes of the Eastern Shore as its dependencies, and included all the villages west of the Chesapeake, from the most southern tributaries of James River to the Patuxent. The power of the little empire was entirely broken in the days of Opechancanough; and after
d, who had undertaken the establishment of the exiles, accompanied by Lawson, the surveyor-general for the northern province, in September of 1711, ascended the Neuse River in a 1711. Sept. boat, to discover how far it was navigable, and through what kind of country it flowed. Seized by a party of sixty well-armed Indians, both w through the wilderness, Barnwell, with Cherokees, Creeks, Catawbas, and Yamassees, as allies, led a small detachment of militia to the Chap. XXIII.} banks of Neuse River. There, in the upper part of Craven county, the Indians were intrenched in a rude 1712 fort. With the aid of a few soldiers of North Carolina, the fort was beir return, themselves violated the treaty, enslaving inhabitants of vil- Spotswood lages which should have been safe under its guaranties; and the massacres on Neuse River were renewed. The province was impoverished, the people dissatisfied with their government; in autumn, the yellow fever raged under its most malignant form; an
t it was designed to make a combined attack on Newbern and Roanoke Island. Roanoke Island is at the mouth of Albemarle Sound, and is the boundary line between that and Pamlico Sound, which the enemy's ships enter upon crossing the bar at Hatteras. Pamlico Sound is a shallow body of water only navigable by light draft vessels. 50 miles long, and from 8 to 30 miles broad, separated from the Atlantic by low sandy Islands, scarcely a mile wide, covered with bushes. Pamlico Sound receives Neuse, Tar, and Pamlico rivers. Newbern is on the Neuse, at the junction of Trent river with it — the Trent being a sort of estuary of Pamlico Sound. It is not without protection; but it is unnecessary to say what. Washington is on the Tar river, at its entrance into Pamlico river, at the head of navigation for sea-going craft, and forty miles from the Sound. No large vessel can can reach it, the water not being sufficiently deep. On the north Pamlico connects with Albemarle Sound, wh
The Daily Dispatch: February 10, 1862., [Electronic resource], The North Carolina coast and its points of interest and defence. (search)
consequence to the enemy, except in a rear attack upon Beaufort with light steamers. Batteries are erected, we understand, to cut off such an attempt.--But the possession of Hatteras by the enemy, in the absence of the most complete defence upon Neuse and Pamlico rivers and at Roanoke Island, might give him entire control of the granary of the South. Craven, Beaufort, Hyde, Tyrrell, Washington, Currituck; Camden, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Chowan, Gates, Hertford, Bertie, Martin, and even Northahieving and destructive habits of our foe. The two strategic points. But within these waters are two strategic points of immense value to us, and ought to be protected at all hazards. Newbern, one of these points, at the junction of the Neuse and Trent rivers, is about ninety miles by water from Hatteras, with no natural obstructions to navigation after passing the swash at Hatteras. The possession of Newbern simply as a depot, or for its destruction, would not be worth the hazard of
by a musket ball, was walking about Goldsboro' Friday evening, with the blood streaming from both sides, in pursuit of a physician. He complained but little, and said his pains were not severe. The obstructions which had been placed in Neuse river, gave the Yankees no annoyance whatever. They had skillful pilots, and threaded the channel with as much facility as our own boats. The town of Newbern. Newbern is the capital of Craven county, and is situated at the confluence of the Neuse and Trent rivers, 120 miles Southeast of Raleigh. It was for many years the capital of the State. Newbern had a considerable trade before the war, and contained about 6,000 inhabitants. Its chief articles of export were grain, lumber, turpentine, tar and naval stores. Besides its court-house, jail and other public buildings, it contained several churches, two banks, and a theatre. There were also elegant stores, and many very handsome private residences. But one newspaper survived
The Daily Dispatch: April 24, 1862., [Electronic resource], Vanity Fair's account of the battle of Newbern. (search)
ing the color sergeant's neck, is the guidance of a company called Col. Appel's Sharp-shooters. It bears this inscription, which has a pomo- air: "APPEALSsound in the Gores." "Cause" is doubtless the word intended; but I observe that Southern - graphy is peculiar. One troop of rebel horse is reported to have carried a black color, but I think this is an error. At least I saw but one cavalry regiment and they were horse of another color. After the battle, I took up my quarters in a farm house on the banks of the Neuse, whence I now write. What I need is, rest and There are three pretty girls here. I am in no hurry to move before the fleet of May. I have sent on my army, however, toward, Richmond. Later — Richmond is ours! Still Later--Richmond is not yet ours, but it will be as soon as we take it. The father and brothers of the three pretty girls have come home. They are soldiers. I shall not stay here much longer. McArone.
Secretary of War to delegate to the commanding general so much of the discretionary powers vested in them by law as the exigencies of the service shall require. Navy. The report of the Secretary of the Navy gives in detail the operations of that department since January last, embracing information of the disposition and employment of the vessels, officers and men, and the construction of vessels at Richmond, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, Selma, and on the rivers Roanoke, Neuse, Pedee, Chattahoochee, and Tombigbee; the accumulation of ship timber and supplies, and the manufacture of ordnance, ordnance stores, and equipments. --The foundeles and workshops have been greatly improved, and their capacity to supply all demands for heavy ordnance for coast and harbor defences is only limited by our deficiency in the requisite skilled labor. The want of such labor and of seamen seriously affects the operations of the department. The skill, courage, and activity of o
writer," the capture of which forms the subject of my brief sketch. Undoubtedly a large majority of my readers will remember the account I wrote of Capt. Wood's previous expedition on the Rappahannock, in which he boarded the "Satellite" and "Reliance," and it will be, therefore, unnecessary for me to go over again the details of preparation and departure usual up on such boating parties. Suffice it to say, then, on the morning of Sunday, 31st January, our boats were launched in the Neuse River, and in an hour's time we were pulling down towards the appointed rendezvous some forty miles above Newbern. One by one the boats came in, and at midday we only awaited the arrival of our commander, Capt Wood. About two o'clock his boat rounded the point, and he stepped ashore into the brigandine looking bivouac we had established. Without delay the arms and ammunition were distributed, the boats made ready, everything put ship-shape for the night, and between two and three o'clock we
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