the Boers to accede to a number of British claims which the Boers held to be without justification.
In this war the Boer military leaders, Joubert, Cronje, Botha, and De Wet displayed a skill in manoeuvring that won the admiration even of their opponents.
The death of Joubert and the surrender of Cronje were the severest shocks to the Boer cause up to the close of 1900.
During the summer of 1900, General Lord Roberts.
British commander-in-chief in South Africa, formally declared the annexation of the two republics, giving them the names of the Vaal River and Orange River colonies.
About the same time a joint commission was appointed by the presidents of the two republics to visit the countries of Europe and also the United States for the purpose of securing intervention.
In the United States they were received by President McKinley, wholly in the capacity of private visitors; were given a hearty welcome in several large cities; and had a subscription started to aid their cause.