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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 5: Round about Richmond. (search)
r. Davis's high opinion of McClellan operations on the Peninsula engagements about Yorktown and Williamsburg severe toil added to the soldiers' usual labors by a saturated soil. Apropos of the attack upon Richmond, apprehended in the winter of 1861-62, it should be borne in mind that there were four routes supposed to be practicable for the advance of the enemy: 1. The original route by Manassas Junction and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. 2. By crossing the Potomac near Potomac Creek, thence by Fredericksburg to Richmond. 3. By land,--the shortest,--to go down the Potomac to the Lower Rappahannock, landing at or near Urbana, and thence march for the Confederate capital. 4. By transports to Fortress Monroe, thence by the Peninsula, between the James and York Rivers. General McClellan's long delay to march against General Johnston, when he was so near and accessible at Centreville, indicated that he had no serious thought of advancing by that route. To prepa
tary Sanitary Commission. sir: When the army of the Potomac broke camp at Falmouth, to commence the campaign which terminated in the battle of Gettysburgh, the operations of the Commission in connection with this army again assumed a most active and laborious character. The evacuation of Acquia necessitated the withdrawal of its large stock of stores, accumulated at that place and at Falmouth; and the instantaneous removal of the thousands of sick and wounded from the corps hospital at Potomac Creek, called for an unusual amout of labor from its relief corps. I have already reported, in a communication to the executive committee, dated June seventeenth, that all our stores had been safely removed to this city from Acquia, by means of our transport the steamer Elizabeth, and that we had furnished substantial food to over eight thousand sick and wounded soldiers at Lodge No. 5, of the Commission, situated at Sixth Street wharf, where all of the transports brought the inmates of the
Doc. 117.-Colonel Lakeman's report Of the operations of the Third Maine regiment. headquarters Third Maine regiment, in the field, Upperville, Va., July 21, 1863. Adjutant-General State of Maine: sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the movements of my regiment, with its respective brigade and division of the Third army corps, since leaving Potomac Creek, Va.: On Thursday, June eleventh, my regiment was relieved from picket-duty on the Rappahannock River at twelve M., and at two P. M. took their position in line, and with the brigade marched to Rappahannock Station, from thence to Bealton Station, Catlet's Station, Manassas, Bull Run, Centreville, Gum Springs, and from thence to Monocacy, Md., where we arrived on the night of the twenty-fifth, performing a forced and very tedious march of twenty-seven miles that day, the rain having fallen heavily during the entire afternoon and evening. At Gum Springs, Va., four of my officers were captured by guer
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., General Lee in the Wilderness campaign. (search)
m the Bermuda Hundred line to Petersburg, Lee thereby sent him more reenforcements by far than he sent to Rodes on the 12th of May at Spotsylvania, when that general was holding the base of the salient against Hancock and Wright and Warren. Besides this, Lee had already detached Breckinridge's division and Early's corps to meet Hunter at Lynchburg. And, after all, the result showed that Lee's reliance on his men to hold in check attacking forces greatly superior in numbers did not fail him in this instance; that he was bold to audacity was a characteristic of his military genius. The campaign of 1864 now became the siege of Petersburg. On the night of June 18th Hunter retreated rapidly from before Lynchburg toward western Virginia, and Early, after a brief pursuit, marched into Maryland, and on July 11th his advance was before the outer defenses of Washington. Belle plain, Potomac Creek, a Union base of supplies. From a photograph taken in 1864. A shell at headquarters.
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 4 (search)
ee days of March. He was directed, with his party, to examine the two roads leading from our camps to the Rappahannock near the railroad-bridge. He reported, on the 6th, that they were practicable, but made difficult by deep mud. On the 7th he was sent to the Rappahannock, to have the railroad-bridge made practicable for wagons. We had to regard four routes to Richmond as practicable for the Federal army: that chosen in the previous July; another east of the Potomac to the mouth of Potomac Creek, and thence by Fredericksburg; the third and fourth by water, the one to the Lower Rappahannock, the other to Fort Monroe; and from those points respectively by direct roads. As the Confederate troops in Virginia were disposed, it seemed to me that invasion by the second route would be the most difficult to meet; for, as the march in Maryland would be covered by the Potomac, the Federal general might hope to conceal it from us until the passage of the river was begun, and so place h
batteries, the greatest curiosity and excitement prevailed on board the steamer; and many were the necks stretched and eyes strained to catch a glimpse of every thing in general. If any of the vessels in the Government employ as transports should happen to get too near the Virginia shore, a warning gun would be fired from our gunboats; and if this did not have the desired effect of causing the vessels to lie off shore, it is more than probable a more forcible method would be used. At Potomac Creek, two miles from Acquia Creek, there are more rebel batteries. On these, it is said, are mounted some of the largest kind of guns, and these are of the newest patterns. Owing to the peculiar formation of the hills and the thickness of the woods we could not see these batteries. Lying at a distance of five miles off from this creek were the steamers Union, Pembroke, and the Philadelphia Ice Boat, now in the Government service as a gun-boat. A boat boarded us from the Pembroke to proc
and cursing their way through the mire, which is red as if it had all been soaked in blood. Long processions of cavalry winding their way like caravans, through the Virginian Sahara. The dismantled huts of deserted encampments, the camp-fires still smoking, showing that the troops were just put in motion. The tents and wigwams of the guards along the road, looking, in the chill wind that came down the ravines through hills spattered with snow, dismally uncomfortable. The bridge over Potomac Creek (the little Potomac) is a precarious thing in appearance, the track simply propped up on trestle-work of round logs, some seventy feet; and as the trains creep over the abyss, the impressions of the spectator are not, in the aggregate, comfortable. I hope the bridge is more substantial than it looks, for its fall would be an accident that would affect the whole army. When the train arrived at the depot, (or rather the stopping-place,) opposite to Fredericksburgh, the shades of night
e to say, as I personally have not been in action, being at the time sick at Chicago, Illinois, I had to make this report according to the statements I solicited from the officers of my regiment. Their statements varied in several points, but I have endeavored to make the report as correct as possible. I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, Edward Salomon, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Eighty-Second Illinois Volunteers. Colonel Craig's report. camp near Potomac Creek, Va., May 9, 1863. Captain: I have the honor to submit the following report of the movements of my command since the twenty-eighth day of April, 1863, until our return to this camp: Having complied with all preparatory orders, this regiment moved with the brigade on the afternoon of Tuesday, the twenty-eighth day of April, with twenty-seven officers and three hundred and twenty men, and reached a point below Fredericksburgh, on the Rappahannock, where we bivouacked for the night. The
at Lincoln called the Beanpole and cornstalk bridge, built over Potomac creek The Fourth bridge, built over Potomac creek, built in 1864. Potomac creek, built in 1864. The Third bridge, built over Potomac creek, photographed April 12, 1863 With miles of black and yellow mud between them and the base Potomac creek, photographed April 12, 1863 With miles of black and yellow mud between them and the base of supplies, and a short day's ration of bacon and hardtack in their haversacks, the hearts of the weary soldiers were gladdened many times b The next and most serious obstruction was the deep crossing of Potomac Creek. Here was built what is known as a deck bridge, of crib and trs ever rested upon. That man, Haupt, has built a bridge across Potomac Creek, about four hundred feet long and nearly a hundred feet high, oburg was constructed next in about the same time as that across Potomac Creek, and was six hundred feet long and forty-three feet above the wagainst the burning of the bean-pole and corn-stalk bridge over Potomac Creek; that this work was a piece of vandalism on the part of Federal
ng A closer view of the Confederate prisoners at Belle Plain The photographer had worked up the valley nearer to the Camp of Confederate prisoners at Belle Plain when this view was taken. The bed of the little stream is now visible, with the group of soldiers lounging by its banks. It was on May 23-26, 1864, that Lee had checkmated Grant at the North Anna River in the latter's advance toward Richmond. While the army was at Spotsylvania, its water base had been at Belle Plain, on Potomac Creek, but when Grant moved to the North Anna the base was transferred to Port Royal, on the Rappahannock, and the Confederates at Belle Plain were sent on to Northern prisons. The burden placed upon the South in feeding and guarding its prisoners was overwhelming, and Colonel Robert Ould, agent of exchange, offered, later in the year, to deliver the sick and wounded at Savannah without equivalent. Transportation was sent late in November, and here and at Charleston, when the delivery was co
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