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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Movement by the left flank-battle of North Anna-an incident of the March-moving on Richmond-South of the Pamunkey-position of the National Army (search)
The attack was now renewed, the cavalry dismounting and charging as infantry. This time the assault was successful, both sides losing a considerable number of men. But our troops had to bury the dead, and found that more Confederate than Union soldiers had been killed. The position was easily held, because our infantry was near. On the 29th a reconnaissance was made in force, to find the position of Lee. Wright's corps pushed to Hanover Court House. Hancock's corps pushed toward Totopotomoy Creek; Warren's corps to the left on the Shady Grove Church Road, while Burnside was held in reserve. Our advance was pushed forward three miles on the left with but little fighting. There was now an appearance of a movement past our left flank, and Sheridan was sent to meet it. On the 30th Hancock moved to the Totopotomoy, where he found the enemy strongly fortified. Wright was moved to the right of Hancock's corps, and Burnside was brought forward and crossed, taking position to the
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 10 (search)
r of the country in which the maneuvering and fighting occurred. Hanovertown, near which place our army had now been concentrated, is about seventeen miles in a straight line northeast from Richmond. The country is crossed by two streams, Totopotomoy Creek and the Chickahominy River, both running in a southeasterly direction, the latter being about four miles from Richmond at the nearest point. Between these are a number of smaller creeks and rivulets. Their banks are low, and their approaght, the Union army that day lost nearly 2000 men in killed and in wounded; the enemy probably suffered to about the same extent. Headquarters were moved about two miles this day, June 1, to the Via House, which was half a mile south of Totopotomoy Creek on the road leading from Haw's Shop to Bethesda Church. Before starting, the general's servant asked whether he should saddle Jeff Davis, the horse Grant had been riding for two days. No, was the reply; we are getting into a rather swampy
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 11 (search)
hat much would be accomplished in the valley of Virginia by Hunter, now that the forces opposed to him had withdrawn, and was urging him to increased exertion; but he had to communicate with him by way of Washington, which created much delay, and added greatly to the anxieties of the general-in-chief. In the afternoon of the 2d, Lee became aware that we were sending troops against his right, and was active in moving his forces to meet an attack on that flank. His left now rested on Totopotomoy Creek, and his right was near New Cold Harbor, and was protected by an impassable swamp. A strong parapet was thrown up on his right in the rear of a sunken road which answered the purpose of a ditch. On the left center the ground was lower and more level, but difficult of approach on account of swamps, ravines, and thickets. Added to this were the usual obstacles of heavy slashings of timber. General Grant had manoeuvred skilfully with a view to compelling Lee to stretch out his line an
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Hanover Court House and Gaines's Mill. (search)
the order named, from Meadow Bridge north to the Pamunkey, reports came that Jackson was advancing slowly upon my flank. The outposts at Meadow Bridge, the extreme western front of Porter's line, were attacked by Confederates advancing from Richmond under A. P. Hill, about noon on the 26th, and during the afternoon the columns under Jackson encountered the cavalry pickets on the Hanover Court House road, six miles north of Mechanicsville, and at Hundley's Corner, at the crossing of Totopotomoy Creek. The cavalry under General Cooke and Colonel Farnsworth moved with the main army, and the force under Stoneman, consisting of cavalry and infantry, retired down the Pamunkey to White House Landing, and joined the force there under General Casey.--Editors. I was also informed that the departure of Jackson from Northern Virginia was suspected, but not positively known, at Washington; but that at this critical moment no assistance whatever could be expected from that vicinity. Perhaps
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sheridan's Trevilian raid. (search)
Sheridan's Trevilian raid. by Theo. F. Rodenbough, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. A. See Sheridan's Richmond raid, p. 188, of which this article is a continuation, for a map giving Sheridan's route in the Trevilian raid.--editors. While Torbert and Gregg had been engaged near Cold Harbor, Wilson had been operating on our right flank. He fought at Mechump's Creek on May 31st, 1864; Ashland, June 1st; and Hawes's Shop and Totopotomoy Creek, June 2d. The fight at Ashland was brought on by McIntosh, in a successful dash at the railroad bridges over the South Anna. The permanent injury of Lee's lines of supply was an important element in Grant's purposes. To this end, on the 26th of May, Hunter was directed to move down the Shenandoah Valley to Lynchburg, cut the canal, and return over the Lynchburg branch of the Virginia Central to Charlottesville, where it was expected he would meet Sheridan. That officer was again to cut loose from the army, and, after tearing up the Vi
nel Haskell was transferred from the Sixth Wisconsin, in which he was serving as an Adjutant. Immediately after arriving in Virginia the regiment joined the Army of the Potomac, then at Spotsylvania, having been assigned to the First Brigade (Webb's), Second Division (Gibbon's), Second Corps. The regiment was under fire, for the first time, at Spotsylvania, May 19, 1864 (Fredericksburg Pike), where it was held in reserve; it was engaged a few days later at the North Anna, and also at Totopotomoy Creek; on June 1st, at Bethesda Church, four companies,--B, E, F, and G,--while on the skirmish line, made a dashing charge but with a heavy loss; of 240 men engaged in this charge, 128 were killed, wounded or missing. Two days later the regiment was engaged in the storming of Cold Harbor, a desperate fight, in which it sustained a loss of 17 killed, 53 wounded, and 5 missing. The brigade commander, Colonel H. B. McKeen. of the Eighty-first Pennsylvania, was killed in that assault, where
on one of its massive traverses. In an attempt to drive the Confederates entirely from the position General Ord was severely wounded. On September 30th the Confederate General R. H. Anderson, commanding Longstreet's Corps, attacked the captured fort, making three separate charges, but was repulsed with a loss of some two thousand men. Where Ord crossed the James Palisades and parapet at Fort Harrison May 23-28, 1864: North Anna River, Jericho Ford or Taylor's bridge, and Totopotomoy Creek, Va. Union, Second, Fifth, and Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac, Maj.-Gen. Meade; Confed., Army of Northern Virginia, Gen. R. E. Lee. Losses: Union, 186 killed, 942 wounded, 165 missing; Confed., 2000 killed and wounded. May 24, 1864: Wilson's Wharf, Va. Union, 10th U. S. Colored, 1st D. C. Cav., Battery B U. S. Colored Artil.; Confed., Fitzhugh Lee's Cav. Losses: Union, 2 killed, 24 wounded; Confed., 20 killed, 100 wounded. May 25, 1864 to June 4: Dall
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
e to assault. It had not been intended to attack it with infantry, but to threaten it with artillery, while Jackson passed to the rear and cut off the enemy's retreat. Already Jackson, in spite of his slow march and the time wasted at Totopotomoy Creek, was within three miles of the enemy's line of retreat and with no force opposing him but a few cavalry. But here he stopped his march, which had only been about 13 miles that day, and went into bivouac, regardless of the roar, not only of appears in the official reports, as well as in the time consumed before they were able to make their power felt in the battle. This required from one to two hours. Winder, commanding Jackson's division, reports: — Left bivouac near Totopotomoy Creek at about 5 A. M., being in the rear of the column, except one brigade. The march was slow and tedious [about seven miles during the whole day]. Firing was heard on the right. Between 4 and 5 P. M. I received orders from Gen. Ewell to move
John G. B. Adams, Reminiscences of the Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment, Chapter 11: battles at Totopotomoy Creek and cold Harbor. (search)
Chapter 11: battles at Totopotomoy Creek and cold Harbor. From the 21st to the 24th of May we were engaged in skirmishing, picket fighting, with now and then a charge. On the morning of the 24th we crossed the North Anna River, and about noon advanced in line, our regiment being on the left of Smith's division. Finding the rebels strongly intrenched on the edge of the woods, we charged across an open field and drove them out. It was one of the bravest acts of the war, but it counted for Cabin Company whistling in the plantation scene, being the best whistler in the country. We were constantly moving by the left flank, marching every night, fighting every day. On the 30th we were on the Washington Jones plantation, near Totopotomoy Creek, the rebels advancing at night, but being repulsed. Captain Mumford and myself, with our companies G and I, were on the outpost all night; we were very near the rebel lines and picket firing was constant. In the morning we advanced and th
ched in time, and his troops being scattered. He will go in the morning. . . . Hancock moved during the night to Cold Harbor, where his advance arrived about daylight His rear is now (6 a. m.) marching past these headquarters. In conjunction with Wright and Smith, he will this morning fall upon Lee's right. . . Warren and Burnside are ordered to open as soon as they hear that the three corps on our left have begun the battle. . . . . Our line now extends from near the Chickahominy to Totopotomoy creek, but Burnside is ordered to withdraw from the right to the center, as rapidly as possible. In a dispatch to the secretary of war, June 1st, Lee wrote: There has been skirmishing along the lines to-day. General Anderson and General Hoke attacked the enemy, in their front, this afternoon, and drove them to their intrenchments. This afternoon the enemy attacked General Heth and were handsomely repulsed by Cooke's and Kirkland's brigades. Generals Breckinridge and Mahone drove t
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